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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Jesuits

Definition:

Catholic religious order whose missionaries were the most numerous in New France ca. 1630-1690.

The principal missionaries who served in or wrote about Wisconsin, or are mentioned in Jesuit Relations concerning Wisconsin:


Albanel, Fr. Charles; Province of Toulouse. Born in Auvergne in 1616 (al. 1613); entered the Order, Sept. 16, 1633; arrived in Canada, Aug. 23, 1649; died at Sault-Ste-Marie, Jan. 11, 1696.

Allouez, Fr. Claude Jean; Province of Toulouse. Born at St-Didier-en-Forest, Haute Loire, in 1613 (al. 1620); entered the Order at Toulouse, Sept. 25, 1642 (al. 1639); arrived in Canada, July 11, 1658; died in the Ottawa missions, among the Miamis of St. Joseph¿s River (near Niles, Mich.), the night of Aug. 27-28, 1689.

Bressani, Fr. Francesco Gioseppe; Province of France. Born at Rome, May 6, 1612; entered the Order at Rome, Aug. 15, 1626; arrived in Canada in 1642; returned to France, Nov. 2, 1650; died at Florence, Sept. 9, 1672.

Carheil, Fr, Étienne de; Province of France. Born at the Château de la Guichardaye, Carentoir, Nov. 20, 1633 (al Nov. 10, 1634); entered the Order, Aug. 30, 1652 (al. Oct. 3, 1653); arrived at Quebec, Aug. 6, 1666; died at Quebec, July 27, 1726.

Dablon, Rev. Father Claude, of the Province of France; born at Dieppe, Jan. 21, 1619; entered the Society at Paris, Sept. 17, 1639; arrived in Canada in 1655; died at Quebec, May 3, 1697.

Jogues, Fr. Isaac; Province of France. Born at Orleans, Jan. 10, 1607; entered the Order at Paris, Oct. 24, 1624; arrived at Quebec, July 2; at Miscou, about June 3, 1636; killed by the Mohawks at Ossernenon, near Auriesville, N.Y., Oct. 18, 1646.

Lalemant, Fr. Charles; Province of France. Born at Paris, Nov. 17, 1587; entered the Order at Rouen, July 29, 1607; arrived in Canada, July 19 (al. 15), 1625; returned to France in 1638; died at Paris, Nov. 18, 1674.

Lalemant, Rev. Father Charles, of the Province of France; born at Paris, Nov. 17, 1587; entered the Society at Rouen, July 29, 1607; landed in Canada on June 19 (al. 15), 1625; returned to France in 1638; died at Paris, Nov. 18, 1674.

Lalemant, Fr. Gabriel, nephew of Charles and Jérôme; Province of France. Born at Paris, Oct. 10 (al. 30), 1610; entered the Order at Paris, March 24, 1630; arrived in Canada, Sept. 20, 1646; tortured to death by the Iroquois, March 17, 1649, at St-Ignace of the Hurons, about half-way between Coldwater and Vasey, Simcoe Co., Ont.

Lalemant, Rev. Father Jérôme (also found as Hierosme), brother of Charles and uncle of Gabriel Lalemant, of the Province of France; born at Paris, April 27, 1593; entered the Society at Paris, Oct. 20, 1610 (al. Oct. 2, 1609); arrived in Canada, June 25, 1638; died at Quebec, Jan. 26, 1673.

Le Jeune, Rev. Father Paul, of the Province of France; born at Châlonssur-Marne, July, 1591; entered the Society at Rouen, Sept. 22, 1613; arrived at Quebec, July 5, 1632; returned to France, Oct. 30, 1649; died at Paris, Aug. 7, 1664.

Le Mercier, Fr. François; Province of France. Born at Paris, Oct. 4, 1604; entered the Order at Paris, Oct. 19, 1620 (al. 1622, 1623); arrived in Canada, July 20, 1635; returned to France in 1673; died in the Island of Martinique, June 12, 1690 (d. Oct. 16, 1692).

Marquette, Fr. Jacques; Province of Champagne. Born at Laon, June 10, 1637; entered the Order at Nancy, Oct. 8, 1654; arrived at Quebec, Sept. 20, 1666; died near the present site of Ludington, Mich., May 18, 1675. His remains were transferred two years after, and (on Whittuesday, June 8, 1677) were buried in the mission Chapel, near Point St. Ignace, at the head of East Moran Bay. There they were discovered, Sept. 3, 1877, by V. R. Fr. E. Jacker. The little monument erected at the spot covers part of his remains; but the larger portion are preserved at  Marquette College, Milwaukee.

Ménard, Fr. René; Province of France. Born at Paris, March 2 (al. Sept. 7), 1605 (al. 1604); entered the Order, Sept. 5 (al. 7, Nov. 7), 1642; arrived at Tadousac, June 30, at Quebec, July 8, 1640. Perished in the primitive wilderness of northeastern Wisconsin, in 1661, about Aug. 15.

Nouvel, Fr. Henri; Province of Toulouse. Born at Pézenas, Hérault, in 1621 (al. March 1, 1624); entered the Order, Aug. 28, 1648; arrived at Quebec, [Page 148] Aug. 4, 1662; died in the Ottawa missions, near Green Bay, Wis., in 1702 (al. at Quebec, Oct. 7, 1674; al. at Aix-la-Chapelle, Jan. 3, 1696).

Ragueneau, Rev. Father Paul, of the Province of France; born at Paris, March 18, 1608; entered the Society at Paris, Aug. 21, 1626; arrived in Canada, June 28, 1636; left Quebec to return to France, Aug. 12, 1662; died at Paris, Sept. 3, 1680.

Vimont, Fr. Barthélemy; Province of France. Born at Lisieux, Jan. 1 (al. 17), 1594; entered the Order at Rouen, Nov. 1 (al. 13, 15, 22), 1613 (al. Nov. 16, 1614); arrived at Ste-Anne, Cape Breton, Aug. 24, 1629; returned to France, Oct. 22, 1659; died at Vannes, July 13, 1667.

[Source: Jones, Arthur Edward. "Catalogue of Jesuit Missionaries to New France and Louisiana, 1611-1800." The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents... ed. by Reuben Gold Thwaites (Cleveland: Burrows Bros. Co., 1896-1901). 71: 120ff.]
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