Term: The Smoker, Ho-Chunk chief
His Ho-Chunk name is generally given in printed sources as Natawpindawqua (also known found as Charatchou or Tshayrotshoankaw). According to historian Reuben G. Thwaites (1911), he was a young warrior in 1816 when he acknowledged the U.S. victory over England at the close of the War of 1812. His father, Serachou, was chief of a village at Taycheedah, near Fond du Lac, who died soon after fighting on the British side, 1812-15. His son Natawpindawqua later attended treaty councils at Prairie du Chien (1825) and Butte des Morts (1827 and 1828). His village at Taycheedah contained about 145 inhabitants in 1829. During the Black Hawk War of 1832, he assisted the U.S. troops.
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[Source: Wisconsin Historical Collections vol. XX: 141]