used loosely to designate German immigrants who came to America in the wake of the suppressed Revolution of 1848, such as Carl Schurz (q.v.) or Mathilde Anneke (q.v.); they typically held liberal political and social views, and many later became active in Republican, anti-slavery, trade union, women's rights, or Socialist causes. View more information elsewhere at wisconsinhistory.org.
View pictures relating to immigrants at Wisconsin Historical Images.
View pictures relating to socialism at Wisconsin Historical Images.
[Source: Turning Points in Wisconsin History]