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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: fieldstone (architecture)

Definition:

a construction method employed on buildings of all sizes and types throughout Wisconsin, reflecting a wide range of standard stylistic mannerisms and vernacular and ethnic variations. Deep limestone deposits extend in a broad belt through the eastern, southern, and western parts of the state, varying in color from buff, to cream and pink tones, to shades of gray. Sandstone, a softer and less durable stone, is also common in many parts of the state, and ranges from white to brown in color. Early settlers, particularly the German and the Irish, used these stones in structures built from 1840 to the turn of the 20th century. Earliest structures were built with fieldstones just as they were found, with voids between the large stones filled with smaller ones. Liberal amounts of mortar were applied. Eventually, boulders were split and mortared with thinner joints. Quoins, or special corner blocks, were often quarried rock or brick. An outstanding example of fieldstone construction is St. John Evangelical Lutheran Church (NRHP 1986) at New Fane, Fond du Lac County, built in 187l of coursed fieldstones that decrease in size toward the top of the wall. The period of greatest popularity for the general use of fieldstone in Wisconsin was between 1850 and 1880. Although fieldstone buildings are found throughout the state, southeastern Wisconsin is the area of greatest concentration of such structures. View more information elsewhere at wisconsinhistory.org

View pictures relating to architecture at Wisconsin Historical Images.

[Source: Cultural Resource Management in Wisconsin (Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1986).]

117 records found

facing (railroads)
factor
factory system (fur trade)
fall (maritime)
Fallen Timbers, Battle of
Falling Waters, Battle of
fallowing (farming)
Falls of St. Anthony
false front or boomtown (architecture)
fantail (maritime)
Fantus Report
farina (farming)
Farmers' Guards (Civil War)
fastening (maritime)
fathom
fattigmanns bakkels (food)
federal (architecture)
Federal Guards (Civil War)
feed crops
feldspar (mining)
Fender-boom (logging)
fermented milk (dairy)
fetch (maritime)
fetlock (farming)
fettle, fettling (railroads)
fieldstone (architecture)
Finagle (Civil War)
firebox (railroads)
fireman (railroads)
fires in Wisconsin
First Capitol
first rate (Civil War)
first school in Wisconsin
First [sic] Workers' Compensation Law (Historic M
firsts
Fish (logging)
fish boil (food)
fish fry (food)
fishing industry in Wisconsin
fittings (maritime)
flank (farming)
flatcar (railroads)
flitch (farming)
flocculent (farming)
floods in Wisconsin
flookan (mining)
fluke (maritime)
Flume (logging)
fluted (archaeology)
flying junction (railroads)
folle avoine (Fr.)
following (maritime)
Folsom culture (archaeology)
Fond du Lac Badgers (Civil War)
forage (Civil War)
fore (maritime)
forecastle (maritime)
forest fires in Wisconsin
forest products
Forest Union Rifles (Civil War)
Fort Armstrong
Fort Blue Mounds
Fort Catarokouy
Fort Crawford
Fort Crevecoeur
Fort Dearborn
Fort Duquesne
Fort Edward Augustus
Fort Frontenac
Fort Hamilton
Fort Howard, Brown Co.
Fort Kaministiquia
Fort La Baye
Fort LeSueur
Fort Mackinac
Fort McCoy
Fort Michilimackinac
Fort Orange
Fort Perrot
Fort Piankeshaw
Fort Pitt
Fort Shelby
Fort Snelling
Fort St. Antoine
Fort St. Croix
Fort St. Francois
Fort St. Joseph
Fort St. Louis
Fort St. Nicolas
Fort Wayne
Fort Winnebago
forts
forty (survey)
forty-eighters
forward (maritime)
four-foot (railroads)
Four-Wheel Drive Auto Company
Fox and Wisconsin River Improvement Company
Fox River Zouaves; North Wisconsin Tigers (Civil W
Fox Wars (ca. 1710-1740)
frames (maritime)
frametops (maritime)
Frank Holton Company
Fredericksburg, Battle of
Free Soil Party
Freedom from Federal Supervision Act (1953)
Fremont Guards (Civil War)
Fremont Rifles (Civil War)
Frisked (logging)
Frog (logging)
Fugitive Slave Act
fur farming
fur trade companies
furloughs (Civil War)
fusee (Fr.)
Fusée (Fr.)
futtock (maritime)

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