Use the smaller-sized text Use the larger-sized text Use the very large text


Jean Nicolet, the first European known to reach Wisconsin, makes his expedition to western Great Lakes.

Jean Nicolet's exact route into the
wilderness is unknown, since the explorer's
journals were lost. This map depicts a
route accepted by many historians.
Map concept by Roberta Couillard.

Nicolet's landing at Green Bay,
1634, as painted by Edwin W. Deming
in 1904. WHi(X3)40974.

Nicolas Perrot opens fur trade with Wisconsin Indians.

Marquette and Jolliet explore a water route (the Fox-Wisconsin) from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River.

Map Concept by: Roberta Couillard.

A mural by painter Cal Peters depicts Marquette and Joliet's expedition entering the Mississippi River on June 17, 1673. WHi(X3)8418, On display at Villa Louis Historic Site, Prairie du Chien.

French bombard Mesquakie (Fox) Indian village at Lake Buttes des Morts to control region's fur trade.

French bombard Mesquakie (Fox) Indian village at Lake Buttes des Morts to control region's fur trade.

This painting by Edward Deming, portrays the battle in which British General Braddock is fatally wounded. WHi(X3)29984

Wisconsin becomes part of British colonial territory.

Charles Langlade establishes the first permanent Euro-American settlement.

Wisconsin becomes the territory of the United States, but the British remain in the region.

British troops abandon Prairie du Chien.

Solomon Juneau purchases Jacques Vieau trading post at Milwaukee.

Henry Schoolcraft, James Doty, and Lewis Cass explore Wisconsin.

U.S. settlers arrive in southwestern region
of Wisconsin and begin mining for lead.

This cross- section drawing depicts what "Dodge's
Diggings" and other early Wisconsin lead mining
operations looked like. WHi(X3)8420.

Oneida, Stockbridge Munsee, and Brothertown Indians move to Wisconsin from eastern U.S.

U.S. government and Indian representatives meet in Prairie Du Chien. Eleven tribes sign the Treaty of Prairie Du Chien establishing the boundaries amongst the Indian tribes and opening the way for non-Indian settlement.

Black Hawk War

Black (Sparrow) Hawk, Sauk Indian
leader in western clothing. Portrait
by Robert Sully, WHI(X32)8781.

Map concept by Judy Palenaude.

Congress creates the Territory of Wisconsin. President Andrew Jackson appoints Colonel Henry Dodge as governor of the new territory.

Colonel Henry Dodge.
Portrait by James Bowman.

Wisconsin's population increases from 30,945 (1840) to 305,391 (1850). Norwegians begin settling in large numbers in Koshkonong area.

  • Questions about this page? Email us
  • Email this page to a friend
select text size Use the smaller-sized textUse the larger-sized textUse the very large text