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1634-1847

1634
Jean Nicolet, the first European known to reach Wisconsin, makes his expedition to western Great Lakes.


Jean Nicolet's exact route into the
wilderness is unknown, since the explorer's
journals were lost. This map depicts a
route accepted by many historians.
Map concept by Roberta Couillard.

Nicolet's landing at Green Bay,
1634, as painted by Edwin W. Deming
in 1904. WHi(X3)40974.

1666
Nicolas Perrot opens fur trade with Wisconsin Indians.

1673
Marquette and Jolliet explore a water route (the Fox-Wisconsin) from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River.


Map Concept by: Roberta Couillard.

A mural by painter Cal Peters depicts Marquette and Joliet's expedition entering the Mississippi River on June 17, 1673. WHi(X3)8418, On display at Villa Louis Historic Site, Prairie du Chien.

1716
French bombard Mesquakie (Fox) Indian village at Lake Buttes des Morts to control region's fur trade.

1716
French bombard Mesquakie (Fox) Indian village at Lake Buttes des Morts to control region's fur trade.

This painting by Edward Deming, portrays the battle in which British General Braddock is fatally wounded. WHi(X3)29984

1763
Wisconsin becomes part of British colonial territory.

1764
Charles Langlade establishes the first permanent Euro-American settlement.

1783
Wisconsin becomes the territory of the United States, but the British remain in the region.

1815
British troops abandon Prairie du Chien.

1818
Solomon Juneau purchases Jacques Vieau trading post at Milwaukee.

1820s
Henry Schoolcraft, James Doty, and Lewis Cass explore Wisconsin.

U.S. settlers arrive in southwestern region
of Wisconsin and begin mining for lead.

This cross- section drawing depicts what "Dodge's
Diggings" and other early Wisconsin lead mining
operations looked like. WHi(X3)8420.

1822
Oneida, Stockbridge Munsee, and Brothertown Indians move to Wisconsin from eastern U.S.

1825
U.S. government and Indian representatives meet in Prairie Du Chien. Eleven tribes sign the Treaty of Prairie Du Chien establishing the boundaries amongst the Indian tribes and opening the way for non-Indian settlement.

1832
Black Hawk War


Black (Sparrow) Hawk, Sauk Indian
leader in western clothing. Portrait
by Robert Sully, WHI(X32)8781.

Map concept by Judy Palenaude.

1836
Congress creates the Territory of Wisconsin. President Andrew Jackson appoints Colonel Henry Dodge as governor of the new territory.

Colonel Henry Dodge.
Portrait by James Bowman.
WHi(X28)975

1840s
Wisconsin's population increases from 30,945 (1840) to 305,391 (1850). Norwegians begin settling in large numbers in Koshkonong area.

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