DRAWING OF WILLIAM HORLICK (1846-1936) made by Harold A. Stewart in 1936 from a ca. 1910 photograph. ID 23705








ID 23702
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“That's meat and drink to me.”
-Shakespeare, from As You Like It

Brothers James and William Horlick of England founded a company that carried the name of Racine, Wisconsin to the farthest reaches of the globe and changed the way America ate.

London pharmacist James Horlick developed ideas for an improved, wheat and malt-based nutritional supplement for infants. Despairing of his opportunities in England, James joined his brother William, who had come to Racine to work at a relative's quarry. In 1873 James and William formed a company to manufacture their own brand of infant food. Ten years later, they earned a patent for a new formula enhanced with dried milk. The company originally marketed its new product as “Diastoid,” but trademarked the name “malted milk” in 1887.

Despite its origins as a health food for infants and invalids, malted milk found several unexpected markets. Explorers appreciated its lightweight, non-perishable, high-calorie qualities and began taking malted milk on treks worldwide. William Horlick became a patron of Antarctic exploration, and in return, Admiral Richard E. Byrd named a mountain range in Antarctica after the Racine manufacturer.

Back at home, healthy people began drinking Horlick's product simply for the taste. Malted milk became a standard offering of soda fountains across the country and found even greater popularity when mixed with ice cream into a “malted.” The fondly remembered “malt shops” of communities large and small owe their very name to the Horlick brothers of Racine.

PRINT OF JAMES HORLICK (1844-1921) published in Vanity Fair magazine, London, England, March 10, 1909. James Horlick moved back to England in the 1890s to manage the company's European, Asian, and African affairs. The company began to manufacture malted milk in England in 1906. Spun off as a separate company after James' death, Horlick's, Ltd. of England eventually purchased its American counterpart in 1945. ID 23706









TRUCKS DELIVERING MILK TO THE FACTORY MILK DEPOT, Horlicks Malted Milk Corporation, Racine, Wisconsin, ca. 1930.
ID 23696
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