105. American Herald, 31 December 1787

Abstract of the manner of choosing the Supreme Executive, and the Legislature of the several States.

The Governor, Senate or Council, and Representatives, are chosen by the People annually, in New-Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode-Island, and Connecticut.

The Governor or President, is chosen by the Legislature annually, in New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina, and Georgia; in New-York, and Delaware, every third year; and in South-Carolina every second year.

The Senate are chosen by the People annually in New-Jersey and North-Carolina; in New-York and Virginia one fourth part annually; in Delaware one third part annually; in South-Carolina every second year; and in Maryland every first [i.e., fifth] year.

The Representatives are chosen annually in every State except South Carolina, where they are chosen every second year.

Thus the Governor is chosen annually by ten States, and the Representatives by twelve; and the Senate by five without qualification. In 2 States one fourth are annually chosen, the other 3 fourths are elected the 2d. 3d. and 4th year:—In one State one third is elected annually and the remaining 2-thirds in the 2d and third years, on the principle of rotation, and in two other States every 2d and every fifth year. Under the old Confederation, Members of Congress were chosen annually, eligible only 3 in 6, and to be recalled at the pleasure of the several States they were sent to represent.

In the new Constitution, the choice of Representatives is for 2 years, of the Senate for 6 years, excepting the first 6 years from the Government being in force; and of the President for 4 years, and under no controul either of the People or States, either by instructions or recal[l].