611. Massachusetts Convention Journal (Material Not Printed in RCS:Mass., Vol. 3)

611-A. Wednesday, 9 January 1788, A.M.

A Journal

of a Convention of Delegates

chosen by the People of the Commonwealth

of Massachusetts;

for the purpose of considering a Constitution or Frame of Government reported by a Convention of Delegates held at Philadelphia on the first Monday of May 1787.

Begun and held at Boston on the second Wednesday of January Anno Domini 1788. pursuant to a Resolve of the General Court of the said Commonwealth passed the 25th. day of October 1787.

On motion.

Ordered that Mr. Gorham, Mr. Carnes, Dr. Jarvis, Mr. Dalton, Mr Spooner, and Mr Davis be a Committee to receive the returns of the several Towns

By the returns from the several Towns it appeared that the following Gentlemen were chosen to represent them in Convention viz—

County of Suffolk

Boston. His Excellency John Hancock Esqr
Hon. James Bowdoin Esqr
Hon. Samuel Adams Esqr
Hon. William Phillips Esqr.
Hon. Caleb Davis Esqr.
  Charles Jarvis Esqr
  John Coffin Jones Esqr.
  John Winthrop Esqr.
  Thomas Dawes junr. Esqr.
Revd. Samuel Stillman
  Thomas Russell Esqr
  Christopher Gore Esqr.
Roxbury Hon. William Heath Esqr
Hon. Increase Sumner Esqr.
Dorchester   James Bowdoin junr. Esqr
  Ebenezer Wales Esqr.
Milton Revd. Nathaniel Robbins
Weymouth Hon. Cotton Tufts Esqr.
Hingham Hon. Benjamin Lincoln Esqr.
Revd. Daniel Shute.
Braintree Hon. Richard Cranch Esqr.
Revd. Anthony Wibird
Brookline Revd. Joseph Jackson
Dedham Revd. Thomas Thacher
  Fisher Ames Esqr.
Needham   Colo. William Mc.Intosh
Medfield   Capn John Baxter junr.
Stoughton Hon. Elijah Dunbar Esqr.
  Capn. Jedidiah Southworth
Wrentham   Mr. Thomas Mann
  Mr. Nathan Comstock
Walpole   Mr. George Payson
Sharon   Mr. Benjamin Randall
Cohasset
Franklin Hon. Jabez Fisher Esqr.
Medway   Mr. Moses Richardson junr.
Bellingham Revd. Noah Alden
Hull   Mr. Thomas Jones
Chelsea Revd. Phillips Payson
Foxborough   Mr. Ebenezer Warren

County of Essex.

Salem   Richard Manning Esqr.
  Edward Pulling Esqr.
  Mr. William Gray Esqr.
  Mr. Francis Cabot
Danvers Hon. Samuel Holten Esqr.
Hon. Israel Hutchinson Esqr.
Newbury Hon. Tristram Dalton Esqr.
  Enoch Sawyer Esqr.
  Ebenezer March Esqr.
Newbury Port Hon. Rufus King Esqr.
Hon. Benjamin Greenleaf Esqr
  Theophilus Parsons Esqr
Hon. Jonathan Titcomb Esqr.
Beverly Hon George Cabot Esqr
  Mr. Joseph Wood
  Capn. Israel Thorndike
Ipswich Hon. Michael Farley Esqr.
  John Choate Esqr.
  Daniel Noyes Esqr.
  Colo. Jonathan Cogswell
Marblehead   Isaac Mansfield Esqr.
  Jonathan Glover Esqr.
Hon. Azor Orne Esqr.
  John Glover Esqr.
Gloucester   Daniel Rogers Esqr.
  John Low Esqr.
  Capn. William Pearson
Lynn & Lynnfield   John Carnes Esqr.
  Capn. John Burnham
Andover   Capn. Peter Osgood junr. 
  Dr. Thomas Kittridge
  Mr. William Symmes junr.
Rowley   Capn. Thomas Mighill
Haverhill   Bailey Bartlett Esqr.
  Capn. Nathl. Marsh
Topsfield   Mr. Israel Clark
Salisbury   Dr. Samuel Nye
  Mr. Enoch Jackman
Almsbury   Capn. Benjamin Lurvey
  Mr. Willis Patten
Boxford Hon. Aaron Wood Esqr.
Bradford   Daniel Thurston Esqr.
Methuen   Capn. Ebenezer Carlton
Wenham   Mr. Jacob Herrick
Manchester   Mr. Simeon Miller
Middleton

County of Middlesex

Cambridge Hon. Francis Dana Esqr.
  Stephen Dana Esqr.
Charlestown Hon. Nathaniel Gorham Esqr.
Watertown   Dr. Marshall Spring
Woburn   Capn. Timothy Winn
  Mr. James Fowle junr.
Concord Hon. Joseph Hosmer Esqr.
Newton Hon. Abraham Fuller Esqr.
Reading   Mr. William Flint
  Mr. Peter Emerson
Marlborough   Mr. Jonas Morse
  Majr. Benjamin Sawin
Billerica   William Tompson Esqr
Framingham   Capn. Lawson Buckminster
Lexington   Benjamin Brown Esqr
Chelmsford   Major John Minot
Sherburne   Daniel Whitney Esqr.
Sudbury   Capn. Asahel Wheeler
Malden   Capn. Benjamin Blaney
Weston   Capn. Abraham Biglow
Medford   Majr. Genl. John Brooks
Hopkinton   Capn. Gilbert Dench
Westford   Mr. Jonathan Keep
Stow   Dr. Charles Whitman
Groton   Dr. Benjamin Morse
  Joseph Sheple Esqr.
Shirley   Mr. Obadiah Sawtell
Pepperell   Mr. Daniel Fisk
Waltham   Leonard Williams Esqr.
Townshend   Capn. Daniel Adams
Dracut Hon. Joseph Bradley Varnum Esqr.
Bedford   Capn. John Webber
Holliston   Capn. Staples Chamberlin
Acton & Carlisle   Mr. Asa Parlin
Dunstable Hon. John Pitts Esqr.
Lincoln Hon. Eleazer Brooks Esqr
Wilmington   Capn. John Harnden
Tewksbury   Mr. Newman Scarlett
Littleton   Mr. Samuel Reed
Ashby   Mr. Benjamin Adams
Natick   Majr. Hezekiah Broad
Stoneham   Capn. Jonathan Green
East Sudbury   Mr. Phineas Gleazen
Boxborough

County of Hampshire

Springfield   William Pynchon Esqr.
West Springfield   Colo. Benjamin Ely
  Capn. John Williston
Wilbraham   Capn. Phinehas Stebbins
Northampton & Hon. Caleb Strong Esqr.
Easthampton   Mr. Benjamin Sheldon
Southampton   Capn. Lemuel Pomeroy
Hadley   Brigr. Genl. Elisha Porter
Southadley Hon. Noah Goodman Esqr.
Amherst   Mr. Daniel Cooley
Granby   Mr. Benjamin Eastman
Hatfield Hon. John Hastings Esqr
Whateley   Mr. Josiah Allis
Williamsburg   Mr. William Bodman
Westfield   John Ingersoll Esqr.
  Mr. John Phelps
Deerfield   Mr. Samuel Field
Greenfield   Mr. Moses Bascom
Shelburne   Mr. Robert Wilson
Conway   Capn. Consider Arms
  Mr. Malachi Maynard
Sunderland   Capn. Zacheus Crocker
Montague   Mr. Moses Severance
Northfield   Mr. Ebenezer Janes
Brimfield   Abner Morgan Esqr.
South Brimfield   Capn. Asa Fisk
Monson   Mr. Phinehas Merrick
Pelham   Mr. Adam Clark
Greenwich   Capn. Nathaniel Whitcomb
Blanford   Mr. Timothy Blair
Palmer   Mr. Aaron Merrick
Granville   Mr. John Hamilton
  Mr. Clark Cooley
New Salem   Mr. John Chamberlin
Belchertown   Mr. Justus Dwight
Colrain   Mr. Samuel Eddy
Ware   Mr. Isaac Pepper
Warwick & Orange =  Capn. John Goldsbury
Bernardston   Capn. Aggrippa Wells
Chester   Capn. David Shepard
Charlemont   Mr. Jesse Reed
Ashfield   Mr. Ephraim William
Worthington   Nahum Eager Esqr.
Shutesbury   Mr. Asa Powers
Chesterfield   Colo. Benjamin Bonney
Goshen
Southwick   Capn. Silas Fowler
Norwich   Majr. Thomas James Doglass
Ludlow   Mr. John Jennings
Leverett   Mr. Jonathan Hubbard
West Hampton   Mr. Aaron Fisher
Montgomery
Cummington & Plainfield   Mr. Edmund Larell
Buckland   Capn. Thompson Maxwell
Longmeadow   Mr. Elihu Colton
Middlefield
Wendell

County of Plymouth

Plymouth   Joshua Thomas Esqr.
  Mr. Thomas Davis
  Mr. John Davis
Scituate Hon. William Cushing Esqr.
Hon. Nathan Cushing Esqr.
Hon. Charles Turner Esqr.
Duxborough Hon. George Partridge Esqr.
Marshfield Revd. William Shaw
Bridgwater   Daniel Howard Esqr.
  Mr. Hezekiah Hooper
  Capn. Elisha Mitchell
  Mr. Daniel Howard junr.
Middleborough Revd. Isaac Backus
  Mr. Benjamin Thomas
  Isaac Tomson Esqr
  Mr. Isaac Soul
Rochester   Mr. Nathaniel Hammond
  Mr. Abraham Holmes
Plympton   Capn. Francis Shurtliff
  Mr. Elijah Bisbee junr
Pembroke   Capn John Turner
  Mr. Josiah Smith
Kingston   William Sever junr. Esqr.
Hanover Hon. Joseph Cushing Esqr.
Abington Revd. Samuel Niles
Halifax   Mr. Freman Waterman
Wareham   Colo. Israel Fearing.

County of Barnstable

Barnstable   Nymphas Marston Esqr
  Shearjashub Bourn Esqr.
Sandwich   Dr. Thomas Smith
  Mr. Thomas Nye
Yarmouth   David Thacher Esqr.
  Capn. Jonathan Howes
Eastham
Harwich Hon. Solomon Freeman Esqr.
  Capn. Kimbil Clark
Welfleet Revd. Levi Whitman
Falmouth   Capn. Joseph Palmer
Truro.
Chatham
Province Town

County of Bristol

Taunton   James Williams Esqr.
  Colo. Nathaniel Leonard
  Mr. Aaron Pratt
Rehoboth   Capn. Phanuel Bishop
  Majr. Frederick Drown
  William Winsor Esqr.
Swanzey   Mr. Christopher Mason
  Mr David Brown
Dartmouth Hon. Holder Slocum Esqr.
  Mr. Melatiah Hathway
Norton Hon. Abraham White Esqr.
Attleborough Hon. Elisha May Esqr.
  Capn. Moses Willmarth
Dighton   Colo. Sylvester Richmond
Hon. William Baylies Esqr.
Freetown Hon. Thomas Durfee Esqr
  Mr. Richard Bordon
Rainham   Israel Washburn Esqr
Easton   Capn. Ebenezer Tisdell
Mansfield   Capn. John Pratt
Berkley   Samuel Tobey Esqr.
New Bedford Hon. Walter Spooner Esqr
Revd. Samuel West
Westport   Mr. William Almy

County of York.

York   Capn. Esaias Preble
  Nathaniel Barrell Esqr.
Kittery   Mr. Mark Adams
  Mr. James Neal
Wells Revd. Dr. Moses Hemmenway
Hon. Nathaniel Wells Esqr.
Berwick   Capn. Elijah Thayer
  Dr. Nathaniel Low
  Mr. Richard Fox Cutts
Arundell
Biddeford
Pepperellboro   Thomas Cutts Esqr.
Lebanon   Mr. Thomas M. Wentworth
Sanford   Majr. Samuel Nasson
Buxton   Jacob Bradbury Esqr
Fryeburg   Mr. Moses Ames
Coxhall   Capn. John Low
Massabeseck
Limerick
Brownfield
Little Falls
Shapleigh   Mr. Jeremiah Emery
Pearsonfield
Waterborough Revd. Palatiah Tingley

County of Dukes County

Edgartown   Mr. William Mayhew
Chilmark
Tisbury   Mr. Cornelius Dunham

County of Nantucket

Sherburne

County of Worcester

Worcester Hon. Samuel Curtis Esqr.
  Mr. David Bigelow
Lancaster Hon. John Sprague Esqr.
Mendon   Edward Thompson Esqr.
Brookfield   Mr. James Nicholds
  Mr. Daniel Forbes
  Mr. Nathaniel Jenks
Oxford   Capn. Jeremiah Learned
Charlton   Mr. Caleb Curtis
  Mr. Ezra Mc.Intier
Sutton   Mr. David Harwood
Hon. Amos Singletary Esqr.
Leicester   Colo. Samuel Denny
Spencer   Mr. James Hathua
Rutland   Mr. Asaph Sherman
Paxton   Mr. Abraham Smith
Oakham   Capn. Jonathan Bullard
Barre   Capn. John Black
Hubbardston   Capn. John Woods
New Braintree   Capn. Benja. Joslyn
Southborough   Capn. Seth Newton
Westborough   Capn. Stephen Maynard
Northborough   Mr. Artemas Brigham
Shrewsbury   Capn. Isaac Harrington
Lunenburgh   Capn. John Fuller
Fitchburgh   Mr. Daniel Putnam
Uxbridge   Dr. Samuel Willard
Harvard   Josiah Whitney Esqr.
Dudley   Mr. Jonathan Day
Bolton Hon. Samuel Baker Esqr.
Upton   Capn. Thomas M. Baker
Sturbridge   Capn. Timothy Parker
Leominster   Majr. David Wilder
Hardwick   Majr. Martin Kinsley
Holden Revd. Joseph Davis
Western   Mr. Matthew Patrick
Douglass Hon. John Taylor Esqr.
Grafton   Dr. Joseph Wood
Petersham   Jonathan Grout Esqr.
  Capn. Samuel Peckham
Royalston   John Frye Esqr.
Westminster   Mr. Stephen Holden
Templeton   Capn. Joel Fletcher
Princeton   Mr. Timothy Fuller
Ashburnham   Mr. Jacob Willard
Winchendon   Mr. Moses Hale
Northbridge   Capn. Josiah Wood
Ward   Mr. Joseph Stone
Athol   Mr. Josiah Goddard
Milford   Mr. David Stearns
Sterling   Capn. Ephraim Wilder
Boylston   Mr. Jonas Temple

County of Cumberland

Falmouth   Daniel Ilsley Esqr.
  John K Smith Esqr.
Portland   Mr. John Fox
  Capn. Joseph McLellan
North Yarmouth   David Mitchell Esqr.
  Samuel Merrill Esqr.
Scarborough   William Thompson Esqr.
Brunswick   Capn. John Dunlap
Harpswell   Capn. Isaac Snow
Cape Elizabeth   Mr. Joshua Dyer
Gorham   Mr. Stephen Longfellow junr.
New Gloucester   Mr. William Wedgery.
Gray Revd. Samuel Perley.
Windham
Standish
Royalsborough
Raymondstown
Bakerstown
Sylvester
Bridgtown
Shepardstown

County of Lincoln

Pownalborough   Thomas Rice Esqr.
  Mr. David Sylvester
Georgetown   Mr. Nathaniel Wyman
Newcastle   Mr. David Murray
Woolwich   Mr. David Gilmore
Waldoborough
Topsham Hon. Samuel Thompson Esqr.
Winslow   Mr. Jonah Crosby
Bowdoinham   Mr. Zacheus Beal
Boothbay   William Mc.Cobb Esqr.
Vassalborough   Capn. Samuel Grant
Bristol   William Jones Esqr.
Edgcomb   Moses Davis Esqr.
Hallowell   Capn. James Carr
St. George’s
Warren
Thomaston   David Fales Esqr
Bath   Dummer Sewall Esqr.
Winthrop   Mr. Joshua Bean
Lewistown
Ballstown
Walpole
Wales
Canaan
Pittston
Medumcook
Norridgwalk
Sterlington
Belfast
Machias
Cambden
Hancock

County of Berkshire.

Sheffield and   John Ashley junr. Esqr.
 Mt. Washington
Great Barrington Hon. Elijah Dwight Esqr.
Stockbridge Hon. Theodore Sedgwick Esqr
Pittsfield   Capn. David Bush
  Mr. Valentine Rathbun
Richmond   Mr. Comstock Betts
Lenox   Mr. Lemuel Collins
Lanesborough Hon. Jonathan Smith Esqr.
Williamstown Hon. Tompson J. Skinner Esqr.
Adams   Capn Jeremiah Pierce
Egremont   Ephraim Fitch Esqr.
Becket   Mr. Elisha Carpenter
West Stockbridge   Major Thomas Lusk
Dalton
Alford   Mr. John Hurlbert
New Ashford
New Marlborough   Capn. Daniel Taylor
Tyringham   Capn. Ezekiel Hearick
Loudon   Mr. Joshua Lawton
Windsor   Mr. Timothy Mason
Partridgfield   Ebenezer Peirce Esqr.
Hancock   Mr. David Vaughan
Lee   Capn. Jesse Bradley
Washington   Mr. Zenos Noble
Sandisfield   Mr. John Picket junr.

On motion;

Ordered, that Mr. Gorham, Mr. Carnes, Dr. Jarvis, Mr. Dalton, Mr. Spooner, Mr. Davis and Dr. Taylor be a Committee to receive the returns of the several Towns

Ordered that a Committee of five persons be appointed to collect, count and sort the votes for a Secretary.

Mr. Davis, Mr. Dalton, Mr. Wood. Mr. Brooks and Mr. Turner were appointed on the said committee.

The Convention then proceeded to the choice of a Secretary by ballot, and the votes being taken, it appeared that George Richards Minot Esquire was chosen, who accepted of the choice, and was duly sworn, to qualify him for exercising the duties of that office

Voted that Mr. Jacob Kuhn the Messenger of the General Court be appointed Messenger to this Convention.

Voted that 4 o Clk PM be assigned for coming to the choice of a President.

Voted that five Monitors be chosen. The following Gentlemen were then elected viz. Hoñble Noah Goodman Esqr. Mr. Phanuel Bishop, Mr. Daniel Cooley, Hon. Azor Orne Esqr. and Mr. Thomas Davis.

Voted That a Committee of seven be appointed to prepare rules and orders for the regulation of the Convention,

Mr Gorham, Dr. Jarvis, Dr. Taylor. Mr Wedgery, Mr. Dalton, Mr. Sedgwick & Mr. Bowdoin of Dorchester were appointed on the said committee.

Ordered that the Committee who were appointed to receive the returns of the members, be instructed to examine them, & report.

Adjourned to 4 o Clk PM.

611-B. Wednesday, 16 January 1788

Met according to adjournment

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the constitution or Frame of Government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia and having debated thereon, postponed the further consideration thereof to the afternoon

Adjourned to 3. o Clk PM

Afternoon

Met according to adjournment

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the Constitution or Frame of Government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia, and having debated thereon, postponed the further consideration of the same to the morning.

Adjourned to Thursday morng. 10. o Clk

611-C. Friday, 18 January 1788, A.M.

Met according to adjournment.

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the Constitution or Frame of Government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia and after debate thereon, postponed the further consideration of the same to the afternoon

Adjourned to 3. o Clk PM.

611-D. Tuesday, 22 January 1788

Met according to adjournment

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the Constitution or Frame of government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia, and, after debate, postponed the further consideration of the same to the afternoon.

A Letter from the Hon. E. Gerry Esqr. referred to the afternoon.

Adjourned to 3. o Clk PM.

Afternoon

Met according to adjournment

A Letter from the Hon. E. Gerry Esqr. with a state of facts relative to the construction of the federal Senate. Read. and after debate Voted that the further consideration of the said letter subside.

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the constitution or frame of government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia, and after debate thereon, postponed the further consideration of the same to the morning.

Adjourned to Wednesday morning 10. o Clk

611-E. Thursday, 24 January 1788, P.M.

Afternoon

Met according to adjournment.

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the Constitution or Frame of government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia, and, after debate thereon, postponed the further consideration of the same to the morning.

Adjourned to Friday morng. 10. o Clk.

611-F. Friday, 25 January 1788

Met according to adjournment

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the constitution or frame of Government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia and after debate thereon, postponed the further consideration of the same to the afternoon.

Adjourned to 3. o Clk PM.

Afternoon

Met according to adjournment

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the Constitution or Frame of Government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia and after debate thereon, postponed the further consideration of the same to the morning.

Adjourned to Saturday morng. 10. o Clk.

611-G. Wednedsay, 30 January 1788, P.M.

Afternoon

Met according to adjournment

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the Constitution or Frame of Government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia, and after debate, postponed the further consideration thereof to the morning.

Adjourned to Thursday morng. 10. o Clk

611-H. Thursday, 31 January 1788, A.M.

Met according to adjournment

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the Constitution or Frame of Government reported by the Convention held at Philadelphia, and having debated upon all the Paragraphs thereof. a motion was made and seconded that this Convention assent to and ratify the Constitution agreed upon by the Convention of Delegates from the United States at Philadelphia on the 17th day of September 1787, and after debate on the said motion,

Adjourned to 3. o Clk P.M.

611-I. Friday, 1 February 1788, A.M.

Met according to adjournment

The Convention proceeded in the consideration of the motion, That this Convention do assent to and ratify the constitution, agreed upon by the Convention of Delegates from the United States, at Philadelphia on the 17th. day of September 1787, and of the propositions made by His Excellency the President yesterday.

Adjourned to 3. o Clk PM.

611-J. Monday, 4 February 1788

Met according to adjournment

The Committee appointed on the subject of the propositions of His Excelly. the President on Saturday last reported as follows viz.

The Committee appointed by the Convention to take into consideration the subject of the propositions of His Excellency the President of the 31st. ultimo at large and report, beg leave to report the alterations hereafter mentioned, to the said propositions, and that the whole of the said propositions, so altered, be accepted and passed by the Convention viz.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts

In Convention of the Delegates of the People of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 1788.

The Convention having impartially discussed, and fully considered the constitution for the United States of America, reported to Congress, by the Convention of Delegates from the United States of America, and submitted to us, by a resolution of the General Court of the said Commonwealth, passed the twenty fifth day of October last past; and acknowledging with grateful hearts, the goodness of the supreme Ruler of the Universe, in affording the people of the United States, in the course of his Providence, an opportunity deliberately and peaceably, without fraud or surprize, of entering into an explicit and solemn compact with each other, by assenting to and ratifying a new constitution, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to themselves, & their posterity; do in the name, and in behalf of the people of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, assent to, and ratify the said constitution for the United States of America.

And, as it is the opinion of this Convention, that certain amendments and alterations in the said constitution, would remove the fears, and quiet the apprehensions of many of the good people of this Commonwealth, and more effectually guard against an undue administration of the federal government, the Convention do therefore recommend that the following alterations & provisions be introduced into the said constitution.

First, that it be explicitly declared, that all powers not expressly delegated by the aforesaid constitution, are reserved to the several States, to be by them exercised.

Secondly, That there shall be one representative to every thirty thousand persons according to the census mentioned in the constitution, untill the whole number of Representatives, amounts to two hundred.

Thirdly, that Congress do not exercise the powers vested in them by the 4th. section of the first article, but in cases when a State shall neglect or refuse to make the regulations therein mentioned, or shall make regulations subversive of the rights of the people to a free and equal representation in Congress agreeably to the constitution.

Fourthly, that Congress do not lay direct taxes but when the monies arising from the impost and excise are insufficient for the publick exigencies, nor then, untill Congress shall have first made a requisition upon the States, to assess, levy and pay their respective proportions of such requisition, agreeably to the census fixed in the said constitution, in such way and manner as the legislatures of the States shall think best, and in such case, if any State shall neglect or refuse to pay its’ proportion, pursuant to such requisition, then Congress may assess and levy such State’s proportion, together with interest thereon, at the rate of six per cent per annum, from the time of payment, prescribed in such requisition.

Fifthly, that Congress erect no company with exclusive advantages of commerce.

Sixthly, that no person shall be tried for any crime, by which he may incur an infamous punishment, or loss of life, untill he be first indicted by a Grand Jury, except in such cases, as may arise in the government and regulation of the land and naval forces.

Seventhly, The Supreme Judicial Federal Court shall have no jurisdiction of causes, between citizens of different States, unless the matter in dispute, whether it concern the realty or personalty, be of the value of three thousand dollars at the least; nor shall the federal judicial powers extend to any actions, between citizens of different States, where the matter in dispute, whether it concerns the realty or personalty, is not of the value of fifteen hundred dollars at the least.

Eighthly, in civil actions between citizens of different States, every issue of fact arising in actions at common law, shall be tried by a jury, if the parties or either of them, request it.

Ninthly, Congress shall at no time consent, that any person holding an office of trust or profit, under the United States, shall accept of a title of nobility, or any other title or office, from any King, Prince, or foreign State

And the Convention do, in the name and in behalf of the people of this Commonwealth, enjoin it upon their representatives in Congress, at all times, untill the alterations and provisions aforesd. have been considered, agreeably to the fifth article of the said constitution; to exert all their influence, and use all reasonable and legal methods, to obtain a ratification of the said alterations and provisions, in such manner, as is provided in the said article.

And that the United States in Congress assembled, may have due notice of the assent and ratification of the said constitution, by this Convention, it is

Resolved, that the assent and ratification aforesaid, be engrossed on parchment, together with the recommendation and injunction aforesaid, and with this resolution; and that His Excellency John Hancock Esquire President, and the Honourable William Cushing Esquire Vice President of this Convention, transmit the same, countersigned by the Secretary of the convention, under their hands and seals, to the United States in Congress assembled.

Adjourned to Tuesday morng. 10. o Clk.