782. Winchester Virginia Gazette, 29 February 1788

Our latest accounts from Boston to the 4th instant, at which time the Convention of Massachusetts had finished the discussion of the proposed Federal Constitution by paragraphs, and had assigned the Tuesday following for the final decision on the question to accept or reject the Constitution in debate. Previous to which, his Excellency the President, after introducing a form of assent to and ratification of said Constitution, laid before that honorable body a “copy of Amendments to be enjoined upon their representatives in Congress at all times, until the alterations and provisions therein contained should be considered, agreeably to the 5th article of the said Constitution, to exert all their influence, and use all reasonable and legal methods to obtain a ratification of the said alterations and provisions, in such manner as is provided in said article,” which was submitted to the consideration of a committee of two members from each county, and to make report.

The following is the Proposition referred to

“As it is the opinion of this convention, that certain amendments and alterations in the said Constitution would remove the fears and quiet the apprehensions of many of the good people of this Commonwealth, and more especially guard against an undue administration of the federal government; the convention do therefore recommend that the following alterations and provisions be introduced into the said constitution:

1st, That it be explicitly declared, that all powers not expressly delegated to Congress, are reserved to the several States, to be by them exercised.

2dly, That there shall be one representative to every thirty thousand persons, until the whole number of representatives amount to   [.]

3dly, That Congress do not exercise the power vested in them by the 4th sect. of 1st art but in cases where a State shall neglect or refuse to make adequate provision for an equal representation of the people, agreeable to this constitution.

4thly, That Congress do not lay direct taxes but when the monies arising from the impost and excise are insufficient for the public exigencies

5thly, That Congress erect no company of merchants, with exclusive advantages of commerce.

6thly, That no person shall be tried for any crime by which he may incur an infamous punishment, or loss of life, until he be first indicted by a grand jury, except in such cases as may arise in the government and regulation of the land and naval forces.

7thly, The supreme judicial federal court shall have no jurisdiction of causes between citizens of different states, unless the matter in dispute be of the value of    dollars at least.

8thly. In civil actions, between citizens of different states, every issue of fact arising in actions at common law may be tried by a jury, if the parties, or either of them request it.

9thly. That the words ‘without the consent of Congress,’ in the last paragraph in the ninth section of the first article, be struck out.”