847. Peregrine
Massachusetts Centinel, 30 April 1788

Mr. RUSSELL, In pursuing the object of my late tour in the country, I found that a very great alteration had evidently taken place in respect to characters known by the appellation of whigs and tories.—The people are now fully convinced that many fiery zealots of 1775, were actuated in their opposition to Great-Britain by an expectation that the Independency of America would cancel all debts, foreign and domestick: Many of them being bankrupts in character and fortune, supposed that by appearing advocates for the rights of America, they should accumulate a stock of merit with the people, sufficient to hide a multitude of sins.

The subsequent conduct of many evidently shews that their motives had no better origin—such men were “wolves in sheep’s cloathing” mere semblances of WHIGS, and tories in heart.

The people find upon a retrospective scrutiny, that many of the opposers of the new Constitution were bankrupt tories in '74—fiery whigs in '75—disappointed jockeys in '83—insurgents in '86—and antifederalists in '88.

There is scarcely a town in the Commonwealth, but what contains one or two such characters, and if their conduct for the last twelve or thirteen years is traced it will appear that they have ample justice done them in the above description.—in some future number particulars respecting several of them may be handed to the publick.

The people are now fully apprized of their arts and villainies, to throw every thing into confusion—the intelligent publick realize that introducing such men into office would be sporting with the liberties of the Commonwealth, and putting every thing to hazard—the interest of the enemies of the new Constitution, and the interest of the people being essentially different from, and opposed to each other.

The new Constitution holds out peace[,] liberty, and safety, under law, justice and publick faith—the plan of the antifederalists, (so far as they have any) is levelling, tender-laws, paper-money, anarchy and confusion.—The contrast is striking—the people in the country towns will govern themselves accordingly. You shall hear from me again in a few days. Yours, &c.