865. A Federalist
Massachusetts Gazette, 13 May 1788

To the Federal ELECTORS of this TOWN.

GENTLEMEN, The reasons for electing twelve Representatives for this town are many. The Federal Constitution is not completed; the next legislature will have that important business devolve upon them; should it be of the same complexion with the last, it is evident that the organization of the federal system will meet with every possible obstruction, and be procrastinated till another election, twelve months hence, shall put it in our power to do what prudence and a regard to our own interests point out to be the duty of the present moment. Ten or twelve members for this town, in addition to the extra numbers which will be sent from the other sea-ports, may ensure an easy, calm and expeditious settlement of the federal government. BUT if the anti-federal interest should be as great as it was the last year in the House (and no reason can be given why it should not) the debates upon this single question on the new constitution, will cost the government ten times as much as the additional members, and we run the greatest risk of losing it after all.

The objections against choosing more than seven members, are, the expense, a jealousy will be excited, the house is already too unwieldy, &c. To these it may be answered, that the expense ought not to come into competition with the object to be obtained; and which can be obtained only by a MAJORITY of votes; for all the eloquence, sound reasoning, and good sense of those members who were opposed to the tender-law, went for nothing; NUMBERS bore down all opposition: hence the securing of the blessings of the new constitution to this commonwealth at the earliest period, depends on our having a majority of federal members. A spirit of jealousy it is presumed cannot be carried to a higher pitch than it has unfortunately attained to; its effects we have realized in times past; but had we suffered ourselves to be influenced by this dread of jealousy being excited in the country members in our choice of TWELVE DELEGATES for the convention, what would have become of the Constitution? “The house will be too unwieldy.” This will not be considered by our friends in the other sea-ports; and notwithstanding what has been said to the contrary, the anti-federal interest from the southern and western parts of the state will be fully represented this year. As therefore so much depends upon numbers with respect to the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, an object of the first consequence, and very near the heart of every BOSTONIAN, it must appear to the electors of this town a wise and eligible measure, to choose the whole number of Representatives that by law they are entitled to. And further, it must appear to them of equally as great importance to elect real, open FEDERAL CHARACTERS, on the present occasion, as it was to elect them for the convention.