875. A Federalist
Massachusetts Centinel, 24 May 17881

Mr. RUSSELL, The ignorance of the antifederalists is discoverable in many instances—but, perhaps, in no one more so, than in their frequent suggestions, that the people of the United States are SURPRIZED INTO THE NEW GOVERNMENT—that it is a new thing invented by the Convention, &c. when it is well known to every one acquainted with the politicks of America, that such a government was considered by our wisest men, even during the revolution, as the only system that could insure the happiness and independence of our country. Many instances could be adduced in proof of this remark—suffice it, that we have one in General WASHINGTON’s Farewel Address to the United States, at the close of the war—a performance which was published by order of the legislatures of the several States, and declared by all ranks of citizens in Europe and America, as a legacy worthy to be written in Letters of GOLD. In this letter, that good man writes,

“There are four things, which I humbly conceive are essential to the well being, I may even venture to say, to the EXISTENCE of the United States, AS AN INDEPENDENT POWER:

“1st. An indissoluble UNION of the States UNDER ONE FEDERAL HEAD.

“2d. A sacred regard to publick justice.

“3d. The adoption of a proper peace establishment, and,

[“]4th. The prevalence of that pacifick and friendly disposition among the people of the United States, which will induce them to forget their local prejudices and policies, to make those mutal concessions which are requisite to the general prosperity, and in some instances, to sacrifice their individual advantages to the interest of the community.”

These are the pillars on which the glorious fabrick of our independency and national character must be supported—Liberty is the basis—and whoever shall dare to sap the foundation, or overturn the structure, under whatever specious pretext he may attempt it, will merit the bitterest execrations, and the severest punishment which can be inflicted by his injured country.

1. Reprinted: Newport Herald, 19 June; New York Independent Journal, 2 July.