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The Massachusetts Volumes of The Documentary History
of the Ratification of the Constitution

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Table of Contents Massachusetts Volume 2 (series Volume V)

Volume 1  Volume 2  Volume 3  Volume 4

Endsheet Map: “Massachusetts Towns Vote on the Constitution”
Half Title Page pg.i
Title Page pg.iii
Copyright Page pg.iv
Dedication pg.v
Editorial Advisory Committee pg.vi

Contents

pg.vii

Acknowledgments

pg.xxiii

Organization

pg.xxv

Editorial Procedures

pg.xxvii

General Ratification Chronology, 1786-1791

pg.xxviii

Calendar for the Years 1787-1788

pg.xxxi

Symbols

pg.xxxii

Massachusetts Chronology, 1776-1790

pg.xxxv

Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1787-1788

pg.xxxix

Title Page

pg.475

Blank

pg.476

III. The Debate over the Constitution in Massachusetts October 1787-12 February 1788 (continued)

Cotton Tufts to Abigail Adams, Weymouth, 18 December pg.477

Joseph Ward to Penuel Bowen, Boston, 18 December

pg.478

Cassius VI, Massachusetts Gazette, 18 December

pg.479

Agrippa VII, Massachusetts Gazette, 18 December

pg.483

Candour, Massachusetts Centinel, 19 December

pg.486

Anti-Cincinnatus, Hampshire Gazette, 19 December

pg.487

Joseph Barrell to Nathaniel Barrell, Boston, 20 December

pg.490

Candidus II, Independent Chronicle, 20 December

pg.493

Cassius VI, Massachusetts Gazette, 21 December

pg.500

Ocrico, Massachusetts Gazette, 21 December pg.504

Massachusetts Centinel, 22 December

pg.504

John Quincy Adams to Abigail Adams, Newburyport, 23 December

pg.505

Christopher Gore to George Thatcher, Boston, 23 December pg.505

Christopher Gore to Rufus King, Boston, 23 December

pg.506

Poplicola, Boston Gazette, 24 December

pg.507

Cassius VI, Massachusetts Gazette, 25 December

pg.511

Agrippa VIII, Massachusetts Gazette, 25 December

pg.515

Massachusetts Gazette, 25 December

pg.517

Massachusetts Gazette, 25 December

pg.518

Salem Mercury, 25 December pg.518

Candidus (Spurious), Massachusetts Centinel, 26 December

pg.518

Thomas a Kempis, Massachusetts Centinel, 26 December

pg.521

Massachusetts Centinel, 26 December

pg.522

Editors' Note: The Raising of the First Three Pillars to the Federal Superstructure, Massachusetts Centinel, 26 December

pg.524

Nathan Dane to Henry Knox, Beverly, 27 December, and Boston, 30 December

pg.526

Remarker, Independent Chronicle, 27 December

pg.527

Atticus IV, Independent Chronicle, 27 December

pg.531

Helvidius Priscus I, Independent Chronicle, 27 December

pg.534

New York Journal, 27 December

pg.539

Agrippa IX, Massachusetts Gazette, 28 December

pg.540

Captain M'Daniel

pg.542

Massachusetts Gazette, 28 December pg.542

The Circulation of the Letters from the Federal Farmer in Massachusetts, 28 December 1787-7 January 1788

pg.543

     Massachusetts Gazette, 28 December

pg.544

     American Herald, 31 December

pg.545

     Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January pg.545
     Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January pg.545
     Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January pg.546

     Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January

pg.546

     Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January

pg.547

     Massachusetts Centinel, 2 January pg.547
     American Herald, 7 January pg.547
     American Herald, 7 January pg.547

Nathaniel Gorham to Rufus King, Charlestown, 29 December

pg.549

The Republican Federalist I, Massachusetts Centinel, 29 December

pg.549

Thomas a Kempis, Massachusetts Centinel, 29 December

pg.554

Massachusetts Centinel, 29 December pg.554

Our Liberty Tree: A Federal Song, Massachusetts Centinel, 29 December

pg.555

Christopher Gore to Rufus King, Boston, 30 December pg.555

Christopher Gore to George Thatcher, Boston, 30 December

pg.557

Nathaniel Gorham to Caleb Strong, Boston, 31 December

pg.557

Isaac Stearns to Samuel Adams, Billerica, 31 December

pg.558

"Z,'' American Herald, 31 December

pg.559

Israel, American Herald, 31 December

pg.560

Boston Gazette, 31 December

pg.561

"C. O.,'' Boston Gazette, 31 December pg.561

Mercy Warren to Samuel A. Otis, Milton, December

pg.562

Nathaniel Peaslee Sargeant to Joseph Badger, 1788

pg.563

The Federal Chariot, Bickerstaff's Boston Almanack for 1788

pg.569

Edward Bangs to George Thatcher, Worcester, 1 January

pg.571

Edward Bowen Diary, Marblehead, 1 January

pg.572

Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 1-2 January

pg.572

The Printer's Lad: New Year's Verse, Boston, 1 January

pg.574

The Editor of the Massachusetts Gazette, Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January pg.574

Agrippa X, Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January

pg.576

Patrick O'Neil, Esquire, Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January

pg.580

Kempis O'Flannegan, Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January

pg.581

Captain M'Daniel, Massachusetts Gazette, 1 January

pg.582

Salem Mercury, 1 January

pg.583

The Reprinting of Excerpts from The Federalist 24 Salem Mercury, 1 January

pg.585

Salem Mercury, 1 January

pg.587

Jeremy Belknap to Ebenezer Hazard, Boston, 2 January pg.587

Samuel A. Otis to Elbridge Gerry, New York, 2 January

pg.588

The Republican Federalist II, Massachusetts Centinel, 2 January

pg.589

Philo-Musae, Massachusetts Centinel, 2 January

pg.592

Massachusetts Centinel, 2 January

pg.593

Mariot, Massachusetts Centinel, 2 January

pg.594

"A. B.,'' Hampshire Gazette, 2 January

pg.596

An Association of Christian Ministers to the Public Essex Journal, 2 January

pg.600

James Madison to Tench Coxe, New York, 3 January

pg.602

Honorius, Independent Chronicle, 3 January

pg.603

Remarker ad corrigendum, Independent Chronicle, 3 January

pg.607

Candidus III, Independent Chronicle, 3 January

pg.609

One of the People, Independent Chronicle, 3 January

pg.610

Worcester Magazine, 3 January pg.610
Worcester Magazine, 3 January pg.610

John Adams to Thomas Brand-Hollis, Grosvenor Square, London, 4 January

pg.611

Junius, Massachusetts Gazette, 4 January

pg.612

Massachusetts Gazette, 4 January

pg.614

Massachusetts Gazette, 4 January

pg.615

Kempis O'Flannegan, Massachusetts Gazette, 4 January

pg.616

Nathaniel Freeman, Jr., to John Quincy Adams, Medford, 5 January

pg.617

Samuel Osgood to Samuel Adams, New York, 5 January

pg.618

Elbridge Gerry Defends His Conduct in the Constitutional Convention, Massachusetts Centinel, 5 January

pg.622

Mariot, Massachusetts Centinel, 5 January

pg.623

Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 5 January

pg.624

Editors' Note: Massachusetts and the Ratification of the Constitution by Connecticut, 6-15 January pg.624

Rufus King to James Madison, New York, 6 January

pg.625

Rufus King to Jeremiah Wadsworth, New York, 6 January

pg.626

Henry Knox to Jeremiah Wadsworth, New York, 6 January pg.626
Thomas L. Winthrop to John Todd, Boston, 6 January pg.626

Christopher Gore to Rufus King, Boston, 6 January

pg.627

Nathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Boston, 6 January

pg.628

The Meeting of the Tradesmen of Boston on the Constitution, 7 January

pg.629

     Massachusetts Gazette, 8 January

pg.631

     Massachusetts Centinel, 9 January

pg.633

Samuel Norton to Benjamin Lincoln, Hingham, 7 January

pg.635

American Herald, 7 January

pg.636

American Herald, 7 January

pg.639

New York Journal, 7 January

pg.642

Zabdiel Adams to John Wheelock, Lunenburgh, 8 January

pg.642

Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 8 January

pg.643

Thomas B. Wait to George Thatcher, Portland, 8 January

pg.645

Agrippa XI, Massachusetts Gazette, 8 January

pg.649

Massachusetts Gazette, 8 January

pg.651

Massachusetts Gazette, 8 January pg.651

Salem Mercury, 8 January

pg.652

Salem Mercury, 8 January pg.652

Richard Henry Lee's Objections to the Constitution Salem Mercury, 8 January

pg.653

Hampshire Chronicle, 8 January

pg.654

New Hampshire Spy, 8 January pg.654

New Hampshire Spy, 8 January

pg.655

John Quincy Adams Diary, Newburyport, 9 January

pg.656

Christopher Gore to George Thatcher, Boston, 9 January pg.656

Christopher Gore to Jeremiah Wadsworth, Boston, 9 January

pg.657

Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 9 January

pg.658

Benjamin Lincoln to George Washington, Boston, 9 January

pg.660

The Republican Federalist III, Massachusetts Centinel, 9 January

pg.661

A Farmer, Massachusetts Centinel, 9 January

pg.665

Massachusetts Centinel, 9 January

pg.666

"A. B.,'' Hampshire Gazette, 9 January

pg.667

James Madison to Edmund Randolph, New York, 10 January

pg.672

Mark Antony, Independent Chronicle, 10 January pg.672

Samuel, Independent Chronicle, 10 January

pg.678

Helvidius Priscus II, Independent Chronicle, 10 January

pg.684

A Friend to Honesty, Independent Chronicle, 10 January

pg.687

Ebenezer Hazard to Jeremy Belknap, New York, 11 January

pg.691

Benjamin Hoppin to Nicholas Brown, Boston, 11 January pg.691

Samuel P. Savage to George Thatcher, Weston, 11 January, post 14 January

pg.692

Common Sense, Massachusetts Gazette, 11 January

pg.693

Agrippa XII, Massachusetts Gazette, 11 January

pg.694

Massachusetts Gazette, 11 January

pg.695

Massachusetts Gazette, 11 January pg.696

Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 11 January

pg.696

Samuel Breck to Jeremiah Wadsworth, Boston, 12 January

pg.697

William Lambert to Enos Hitchcock, Boston, 12 January pg.697

Nicholas Pike to Jeremy Belknap, Newburyport, 12 January

pg.698

The Republican Federalist IV, Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January pg.698

Old Fog, Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January

pg.703

Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January

pg.704

Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January pg.704
Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January pg.704

Cyrus Griffin to Thomas FitzSimons, New York, 13 January

pg.705

Henry Knox to Jeremiah Wadsworth, New York, 13 January

pg.706

Henry Knox to George Washington, New York, 14 January pg.706

Theophilus Parsons to Michael Hodge, Boston, 14 January

pg.708

Henry Van Schaack to Peter Van Schaack, Pittsfield, 14 January

pg.709

American Herald, 14 January

pg.709

American Herald, 14 January

pg.715

A Farmer, American Herald, 14 January pg.715

Boston Gazette, 14 January

pg.716

Nathaniel Barrell to George Thatcher, Boston, 15 January

pg.717

Agrippa XII, Massachusetts Gazette, 15 January

pg.720

Massachusetts Gazette, 15 January

pg.726

Salem Mercury, 15 January

pg.728

Hampshire Chronicle, 15 January

pg.729

Tench Coxe to James Madison, Philadelphia, 16 January pg.729

Nathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Boston, 16 January

pg.730

Henry Jackson to Henry Knox, Boston, 16 January pg.730

Massachusetts Centinel, 16 January

pg.731

Remarker ad corrigendum, Massachusetts Centinel, 16 January

pg.731

Hampshire Gazette, 16 January

pg.734

Cumberland Gazette, 17 January pg.734

Remarker, Independent Chronicle, 17 January

pg.734

Worcester Magazine, 17 January

pg.740

Theodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Boston, 18 January

pg.740

Agrippa XII, Massachusetts Gazette, 18 January

pg.741

Massachusetts Gazette, 18 January

pg.744

John Avery, Jr., to George Thatcher, Boston, 19 January

pg.745

William Pynchon Diary, Salem, 19 January

pg.746

Joseph Savage to George Thatcher, Weston, 19 January pg.746
Massachusetts Centinel, 19 January pg.746

"M,'' Massachusetts Centinel, 19 January

pg.747

The Republican Federalist V, Massachusetts Centinel, 19 January

pg.747

Nathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Charlestown, 20 January

pg.752

John Jackson to Keith Spence, Boston, 20 January pg.752

Henry Knox to Egbert Benson, New York, 20 January

pg.753

From James Madison, New York, 20 January pg.753
     To Tench Coxe pg.753

     To Governor Edmund Randolph

pg.754

     To George Washington pg.754

Henry Van Schaack to Peter Van Schaack, Pittsfield, 20 January

pg.755

A Countryman, American Herald, 21 January

pg.757

The Alleged Bribery and Corruption of the Delegates

     To the Massachusetts Convention, 21 January-6 February pg.759

     Centinel, Boston Gazette, 21 January

pg.760

     Massachusetts Gazette, 22 January pg.760
     Massachusetts Centinel, 23 January pg.760

     Samuel P. Savage to George Thatcher, Weston, 24 January

pg.761

     George Benson to Theodore Foster, Providence, 25 January

pg.762

     A Federalist, Massachusetts Centinel, 26 January pg.762

     Boston Gazette, 28 January

pg.763

     Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.764

     Citizen, Massachusetts Centinel, 30 January pg.764
     Pennsylvania Herald, 5 February pg.764

     Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 6 February

pg.765

Editors' Note: The Massachusetts Reprinting of Governor Edmund Randolph's Objections to the Constitution, 21 January-11 March

pg.767

Isaac Stearns to Nathaniel Gorham, Billerica, 22 January

pg.768

Agrippa XIII, Massachusetts Gazette, 22 January

pg.770

A True Federalist, Massachusetts Gazette, 22 January

pg.772

Helvidius Priscus III, Massachusetts Gazette, 22 January

pg.773

Junius, Massachusetts Gazette, 22 January

pg.776

John Adams to Cotton Tufts, Grosvenor Square, London, 23 January

pg.778

Caleb Bingham to Luther Holley, Boston, 23 January

pg.779

Tench Coxe to James Madison, Philadelphia, 23 January pg.779

Silas Lee to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 23 January

pg.780

Massachusetts Centinel, 23 January

pg.784

Pat: The Bulls and the Lion, Massachusetts Centinel, 23 January pg.784

Ezra, Massachusetts Centinel, 23 January

pg.785

Editors' Note: Elbridge Gerry and the Massachusetts Convention, 23-28 January

pg.787

George Washington and the Constitution, 23 January-2 February

pg.788

     Massachusetts Centinel, 23 January

pg.789

     Brutus, Independent Chronicle, 24 January

pg.790

     Massachusetts Gazette, 25 January

pg.791

     Cato, Massachusetts Centinel, 26 January pg.791

     An American, American Herald, 28 January

pg.792

     Junius, Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.793

     Massachusetts Centinel, 2 February

pg.795

Matthew Cobb to George Thatcher, 24 January

pg.796

Norwich Packet, 24 January

pg.797

Nathaniel and Francis Thayer to Champion and Dickason, Boston, 25 January pg.797
Agrippa XIV, Massachusetts Gazette, 25 January pg.797

Junius, Massachusetts Gazette, 25 January

pg.799

Massachusetts Gazette, 25 January

pg.802

The Yeomanry of Massachusetts, Massachusetts Gazette, 25 January

pg.802

Massachusetts Centinel, 26 January

pg.805

Hampden, Massachusetts Centinel, 26 January

pg.806

Tench Coxe to James Madison, Philadelphia, 27 January

pg.810

Charles Tillinghast to Hugh Hughes, New York, 27-28 January pg.810

Massachusetts Clergy and the State Convention, 28-29 January

     American Herald, 28 January pg.813
     Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January pg.813

American Herald, 28 January

pg.814

Lucan, American Herald, 28 January pg.814

Ship News, American Herald, 28 January

pg.815

Editors' Note: The Massachusetts Reprinting of the Report of New York's Delegates to the Constitutional Convention, American Herald, 28 January

pg.817

Editors' Note: Massachusetts Reprintings of Unrest in Western Pennsylvania, American Herald, 28 January-28 February pg.817

Newspapers and the Post Office, 28 January-21 February

pg.818

     Boston Gazette, 28 January pg.820

     Massachusetts Centinel, 16 February

pg.820

     Adams and Nourse to Charles Thomson, Boston, 21 February

pg.821

Agrippa XIV, Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January pg.821

Agrippa XV, Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.822

Cagliostro, Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.826

Amator Patriae, Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.827

Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January pg.829

Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.829

Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.830

Captain M'Daniel, Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.830

Massachusettensis, Massachusetts Gazette, 29 January

pg.830

James Madison to Tench Coxe, New York, 30 January

pg.833

The Republican Federalist VI, Massachusetts Centinel, 30 January

pg.833

Dwight Foster to Enos Hitchcock, Brookfield, 31 January

pg.837

Nicholas Hoffman and Son to Nicholas Low, New York, 31 January pg.837

A Real Federalist, Massachusetts Gazette, 1 February

pg.837

An Honest Man, Massachusetts Gazette, 1 February

pg.839

Massachusetts Gazette, 1 February

pg.840

Hampden, Massachusetts Centinel, 2 February (extra)

pg.841

The Republican Federalist VI, Massachusetts Centinel, 2 February (extra)

pg.843

Massachusetts Centinel, 2 February

pg.847

Editors' Note: A Spectator: A Short History of a Recent Freak Massachusetts Centinel, 2 February

pg.848

Ebenezer Hazard to Jeremy Belknap, New York, 3 February pg.848

Enos Hitchcock to Dwight Foster, Providence, 4 February

pg.849

William Robinson, Jr., to John Langdon, Philadelphia, 4 February pg.849

A Bostonian, American Herald, 4 February

pg.850

"O,'' American Herald, 4 February

pg.851

Editors' Note: The Massachusetts Reprinting of Luther Martin's Genuine Information, American Herald, 4 February-8 May

pg.856

Ship News, Boston Gazette, 4 February

pg.857

Helvidius Priscus IV, Massachusetts Gazette, 5 February

pg.858

Editors' Note: False Reports of North Carolina's Ratification of the Constitution, 5-6 February

pg.860

Massachusetts Gazette, 5 February

pg.861

Junius, Massachusetts Gazette, 5 February pg.861

Massachusetts Gazette, 5 February

pg.862

Massachusetts Gazette, 5 February pg.862

Agrippa XVI, Massachusetts Gazette, 5 February

pg.863

William Frost to George Thatcher, York, 6 February

pg.869

The Republican Federalist VII, Massachusetts Centinel, 6 February

pg.869

Essex Journal, 6 February

pg.871

Adelos, Hampshire Gazette, 6 February

pg.871

Hampshire Chronicle, 6 February

pg.873

Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 7 February pg.873

Silas Lee to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 7 February

pg.874

Lewis R. Morris to Samuel Blachley Webb, Springfield, Vt., 7 February

pg.875

Independent Chronicle, 7 February

pg.876

A Watchman, Worcester Magazine, 7 February

pg.879

Portius, Massachusetts Gazette, 8 February

pg.882

New York Daily Advertiser, 8 February

pg.883

Pennsylvania Herald, 9 February

pg.884

Abigail Adams Smith to John Quincy Adams, London, 10 February

pg.885

Henry Van Schaack to Peter Van Schaack, Pittsfield, 12 February

pg.886

Salem Mercury, 12 February

pg.887

IV. The Election of Convention Delegates 19 November 1787-7 January 1788

Introduction

pg.888

Dates of Election for Massachusetts Convention Delegates

pg.893

Acton and Carlisle, Middlesex County, 10 December

pg.896

Adams, Berkshire County, 24 December pg.896
     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 14 December pg.896

Amherst, Hampshire County, 26 November

pg.897

     Convention Debates, 6 February 1788 pg.897
Andover, Essex County, 3 December pg.897

Ashburnham, Worcester County, 3 December

pg.898

Ashfield, Hampshire County, 25 December pg.898
Attleborough, Bristol County, 26 November pg.898

Barnstable, Barnstable County, 19 November

pg.899

     Gideon Hawley to Lieutenant Governor Thomas Cushing, 4 January pg.899

Becket, Berkshire County, 3 December

pg.900

     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 4 December pg.900
Belchertown, Hampshire County, 3 December pg.900

     Preliminary Instructions, 17 December

pg.901

     Final Instructions, 17 December

pg.902

Bellingham, Suffolk County, 10 December

pg.903

Bernardston and Leyden, Hampshire County, 26 November

pg.904

     Town Meeting and Instructions, 26 November pg.904

Berwick, York County, 18 December

pg.905

     Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 12 December pg.905

Beverly, Essex County, 17 December

pg.906

     Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 8 January pg.906
     Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 9 January pg.906
     Pennsylvania Gazette, 9 January pg.906
Biddeford, York County pg.906

     Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 12-13 December

pg.907

     Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 1 January

pg.908

     Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 9 January pg.908

Boston, Suffolk County, 7 December

pg.909

     Nauticus, Massachusetts Centinel, 7 November

pg.911

     Massachusetts Gazette, 16 November, An Elector

pg.912

     Massachusetts Gazette, 20 November pg.912

     An Elector, Massachusetts Gazette, 20 November

pg.913

     American Herald, 26 November

pg.914

     An Elector, Massachusetts Centinel, 28 November pg.914

     Massachusetts Centinel, 28 November

pg.916

     Candor, Massachusetts Centinel, 28 November

pg.916

     Independent Chronicle, 30 November

pg.917

     Massachusetts Centinel, 1 December pg.917

     A Mechanick, Massachusetts Centinel, 1 December

pg.918

     Thomas a Kempis, Massachusetts Centinel, 1 December

pg.919

     American Herald, 3 December

pg.919

     Candidus, Boston Gazette, 3 December

pg.920

     "C,'' Massachusetts Gazette, 4 December

pg.922

     An Elector, Massachusetts Gazette, 4 December pg.922

     Massachusetts Gazette, 4 December

pg.923

     Many of Your Readers, Massachusetts Gazette, 4 December

pg.924

     Massachusetts Gazette, 4 December pg.924
     A Bostonian, Massachusetts Gazette, 4 December pg.924

     Mechanicks of the North-End, Massachusetts Centinel, 5 December

pg.925

     Fair Play, Massachusetts Centinel, 5 December pg.925

     Civis, Independent Chronicle, 6 December

pg.926

     Mechanicks of the North-End, Independent Chronicle, 6 December

pg.927

     Independent Chronicle, 6 December

pg.928

     Weather on Election Day, Boston, 7 December pg.928

     Massachusetts Gazette, 7 December

pg.929

     Concord, Massachusetts Gazette, 7 December pg.930

     A Qualified Voter, Massachusetts Gazette, 7 December

pg.930

     Mechanicks of the North-End, Massachusetts Gazette, 7 December

pg.931

     Town Meeting, 7 December pg.931

     Massachusetts Centinel, 8 December

pg.932

     Massachusetts Centinel, 8 December

pg.933

     Christopher Gore to Rufus King, Boston, 9 December

pg.934

     "L,'' Massachusetts Gazette, 11 December

pg.935

     Nathaniel Gorham to Rufus King, Charlestown, 12 December

pg.936

     A Federalist, Boston Gazette, 17 December

pg.936

     Christopher Gore to Rufus King, Boston, 23 December

pg.938

     Many Citizens, Massachusetts Centinel, 29 December pg.938

Boxford, Essex County, 6 December

pg.938

Braintree, Suffolk County, 3 December

pg.940

Bristol, Lincoln County, 17 December pg.940

Brookfield, Worcester County, 17 December

pg.941

     Dwight Foster: Minutes of an Address to the Town, 17 December

pg.941

     Pelatiah Hitchcock to Enos Hitchcock, Brookfield, 30 December

pg.943

Brunswick, Cumberland County, 18 December

pg.944

Cambridge, Middlesex County, 17 December pg.944
     Selectmen Meeting, 3 December pg.944
     Selectmen Meeting, 10 December pg.944
     Nathaniel Gorham to Rufus King, Charlestown, 12 December pg.944

     Massachusetts Gazette, 14 December

pg.945

     Nathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Charlestown, 16 December pg.945
     A Federalist, Massachusetts Centinel, 19 December pg.945
     Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 5 January pg.945

Charlestown, Middlesex County, 3 December

pg.946

     Massachusetts Gazette, 7 December pg.946
Charlton, Worcester County, 10 December pg.946

Chatham, Barnstable County, 19 December

pg.947

Chelsea, Suffolk County, 3 December pg.947
     Massachusetts Gazette, 7 December pg.947

Chesterfield, Hampshire County, 27 November

pg.948

Cohasset, Suffolk County, 3 December pg.948
Colrain, Hampshire County, 4 December pg.948

Cummington and Plainfield, Hampshire County, 3 December

pg.949

Dalton, Berkshire County, 27 December pg.949

Danvers, Essex County, 11 December

pg.950

     Samuel Holten to David Prince, Danvers, 29 December

pg.951

Dunstable, Middlesex County, 3 December

pg.952

     Nathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Boston, 6 January pg.952
Easton, Bristol County, 14 December pg.952
     Massachusetts Centinel, 5 December pg.952
Falmouth, Cumberland County pg.952
     Cumberland Gazette, 30 November pg.952
     Cumberland Gazette, 6 December pg.952
     Massachusetts Centinel, 19 December pg.952

Fitchburgh, Worcester County, 20 December

pg.953

Foxborough, Suffolk County, 30 November

pg.954

Fryeburg, York County, 6 December pg.954

Gardner, Worcester County, 27 December

pg.955

Gorham, Cumberland County, 3 December pg.955

     Cumberland Gazette, 3 January

pg.956

Granby, Hampshire County, 3 December pg.956

Granville, Hampshire County, 3 December

pg.957

     Christopher Gore to Rufus King, Boston, 30 December pg.957
Great Barrington, Berkshire County, 3 December pg.957

     Town Meeting, 26 November

pg.959

     Draft Instructions, 26 November pg.959
     Theodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Stockbridge, 28 November pg.960

     Town Meeting, 3 December

pg.960

     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 4 December

pg.961

     Theodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Stockbridge, 5 December pg.961
     Town Clerk's Account of Election of a Delegate to the Massachusetts Convention, December pg.961

     Deposition of Fraudulent Voting, 3 January

pg.962

     Deposition of Fraudulent Voting, 4 January

pg.962

     Massachusetts Convention Journal, 11 January pg.965

     Massachusetts Convention Journal, 12 January

pg.965

Hallowell, Lincoln County, 27 November

pg.966

     Town Meeting, 27 November pg.966
     Cumberland Gazette, 20 December pg.966
     Silas Lee to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 23 January pg.966
Harpswell, Cumberland County, 10 December pg.966

Harvard, Worcester County, 17 December

pg.967

     Instructions, 17 December

pg.968

Holden, Worcester County, 26 November

pg.969

Holliston, Middlesex County, 24 December pg.970

Hopkinton, Middlesex County, 10 December

pg.970

     Massachusetts Centinel, 24 May 1788

pg.971

Ipswich, Essex County, 3 December pg.971
     Town Meeting, 20 November (morning) pg.971

     Town Meeting, 20 November (afternoon)

pg.972

     Samuel Adams Diary, Ipswich, 20 November pg.972
     Town Meeting, 3 December (morning) pg.972
     Town Meeting, 3 December (afternoon) pg.973

     Samuel Adams Diary, Ipswich, 3 December

pg.973

     Warrant Calling Town Meeting, 19 December pg.973

     Town Meeting, 25 December

pg.974

     Samuel Adams Diary, Ipswich, 25 December pg.974

Kittery, York County, 17 December

pg.975

Lancaster, Worcester County, 20 November pg.975

     George Benson to Nicholas Brown, Boston, 3 February 1788

pg.976

Lee, Berkshire County, 30 November pg.976
Lenox, Berkshire County, 17 December pg.976
Leverett, Hampshire County, 10 December pg.977

Littleton, Middlesex County, 17 December

pg.977

Loudon, Berkshire County, 24 December

pg.978

Ludlow, Hampshire County, 11 December pg.978
Lunenburgh, Worcester County, 3 December pg.978

Lynn and Lynnfield, Essex County, 10 December

pg.979

Machias, Lincoln County, 21 November pg.979

Mansfield, Bristol County, 3 December

pg.980

Medfield, Suffolk County, 25 December pg.980

Medford, Middlesex County, 22 November

pg.981

     Massachusetts Gazette, 23 November pg.981
Medway, Suffolk County, 6 December pg.981

Methuen, Essex County, 20 December

pg.983

Middleborough, Plymouth County, 17 December pg.983
     Isaac Backus Diary, January pg.983

Milford, Worcester County, 17 December

pg.984

Milton, Suffolk County, 3 December pg.984

     Samuel A. Otis to Caleb Davis, New York, 14 December

pg.985

Newbury, Essex County, 4 December pg.985

     Essex Journal, 2 January

pg.985

     Essex Journal, 9 January

pg.985

Newburyport, Essex County, 20 November pg.990

     John Quincy Adams Diary, Newburyport, 20 November

pg.990

     Essex Journal, 21 November

pg.991

     Massachusetts Centinel, 24 November pg.991
     John Quincy Adams Diary, Newburyport, 25 November pg.991
     Henry Jackson to Henry Knox, Boston, 25 November pg.991

     American Herald, 26 November

pg.992

     Essex Journal, 28 November pg.992

     Independent Chronicle, 6 December

pg.993

     George R. Minot Journal, January-February 1788 pg.993

Newcastle, Lincoln County, 27 December

pg.994

New Gloucester, Cumberland County, 10 December pg.994

     Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 1 January

pg.995

New Marlborough, Berkshire County, 10 December pg.995

Northampton and Easthampton, Hampshire County, 22 November

pg.995

     Instructions, Hampshire Gazette, 28 November

pg.997

     New York Journal, 6 December

pg.998

Northborough, Worcester County, 24 December pg.998

North Yarmouth, Cumberland County, 4 December

pg.999

Oakham, Worcester County, 3 December

pg.1000

     Instructions, 10 December pg.1000

Palmer, Hampshire County, 6 December

pg.1001

Partridgefield, Berkshire County, 10 December

pg.1002

Paxton, Worcester County, 17 December pg.1002

     Instructions, 2 January

pg.1003

Pelham, Hampshire County, 26 November pg.1003

Pittsfield, Berkshire County, 19 December

pg.1004

     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 4 December pg.1004
     Theodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Stockbridge, 5 December pg.1004
     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 9 December pg.1004

     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 14 December

pg.1005

     Town Meeting, 19 December

pg.1006

     Henry Van Schaack to Oliver Wendell, Pittsfield, 2 January pg.1006

Portland, Cumberland County, 19 November and 31 December

pg.1007

     Cumberland Gazette, 15 November

pg.1008

     Town Meeting, 19 November pg.1008
     Town Meeting, 3 December pg.1008

     Oriental Junius, Cumberland Gazette, 13 December

pg.1009

     A Freeholder, Cumberland Gazette, 20 December pg.1009

     Oriental Junius, Cumberland Gazette, 27 December

pg.1010

     Warrant Calling Town Meeting, 29 December

pg.1011

     Town Meeting, 31 December

pg.1012

Pownalborough, Lincoln County, 11 December pg.1012
Princeton, Worcester County, 27 November pg.1012

Reading, Middlesex County, 17 December

pg.1013

Rehoboth, Bristol County, 26 November pg.1013
Richmond, Berkshire County, 17 December pg.1013
     Town Meeting, 7 December pg.1013

     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 14 December

pg.1014

     Town Meeting, 17 December pg.1014
     Town Meeting, 24 December pg.1014
Roxbury, Suffolk County, 17 December pg.1014
     Roxbury, American Herald, 10 December pg.1014

     One Among You, Independent Chronicle, 13 December

pg.1015

     Henry Jackson to Henry Knox, Boston, 16 December pg.1015
     William Heath Diary, Roxbury, 17 December pg.1015
Rutland, Worcester County, 3 December pg.1016
Salem, Essex County, 5 December pg.1016

     Salem Mercury, 4 December

pg.1016

     William Bentley Diary, Salem, 5 December

pg.1017

     William Pynchon Diary, Salem, 5 December pg.1017
Sandwich, Barnstable County, 11, 13 December pg.1017
     Town Meeting, 11 December pg.1017

     Town Meeting, 13 December

pg.1018

     Massachusetts Centinel, 2 January pg.1018
     Jeremiah Hill to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 9 January pg.1018
     Marcus, Massachusetts Centinel, 9 January pg.1018

     Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January

pg.1019

     American Herald, 14 January

pg.1020

     Boston Gazette, 14 January pg.1020

     A Lover of Truth, Massachusetts Centinel, 22 March

pg.1021

     Giles Hickory (Noah Webster): Government New York American Magazine, March

pg.1022

Sanford, York County, 10 December pg.1023

     David Sewall to George Thatcher, York, 5 January

pg.1023

Sheffield and Mount Washington, Berkshire County, 17 December

pg.1024

     Town Meeting, 10 December pg.1024
     Theodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Stockbridge, 13 December pg.1024

     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 14 December

pg.1025

     Town Meeting, 17 December pg.1025

     Remonstrance of the Inhabitants to the Massachusetts Convention, 4 January

pg.1026

     Massachusetts Convention Journal, 11-12 January

pg.1027

Shelburne, Hampshire County, 11 December

pg.1028

Sherburne, Middlesex County, 10 December

pg.1029

Sherburne, Nantucket County, 22 December

pg.1030

     Nathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Boston, 6 January

pg.1031

Shirley, Middlesex County, 17 December pg.1031

Southborough, Worcester County, 24 December

pg.1032

     Town Meeting, 17 December pg.1032
     Committee Report, 21 December pg.1032
     Town Meeting, 24 December pg.1032
Spencer, Worcester County, 12 December pg.1033

Standish, Cumberland County, 13 December

pg.1033

Stockbridge, Berkshire County, 30 November

pg.1034

     Henry Van Schaack to Caleb Strong, Pittsfield, 10 October pg.1034
     Samuel Henshaw to Henry Van Schaack, Northampton, 7 November pg.1034
     Theodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Stockbridge, 28 November pg.1034

     To Isaiah Thomas, 30 November

pg.1035

     John Bacon to Theodore Sedgwick, Stockbridge, 1 December

pg.1036

     Theodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Stockbridge, 5 December pg.1036
     New Haven Gazette, 6 December pg.1036

     Nathaniel Gorham to Rufus King, Charlestown, 12 December

pg.1037

     Worcester Magazine, 13 December pg.1037
     Samuel A. Otis to Caleb Davis, New York, 14 December pg.1037
     Massachusetts Centinel, 15 December pg.1037

     Jeremiah Wadsworth to Rufus King, Hartford, Conn., 16 December

pg.1038

     Massachusetts Centinel, 19 December pg.1038
     Noah, Massachusetts Gazette, 21 December pg.1038

     American Herald, 24 December

pg.1039

     "Z,'' American Herald, 24 December pg.1039

     An Anti-Federal Scribbler, Massachusetts Centinel, 26 December

pg.1040

     George R. Minot Journal, January-February 1788

pg.1041

     Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 5 January pg.1041
     Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January pg.1041

     Massachusetts Gazette, 22 January

pg.1042

     Massachusetts Centinel, 30 January pg.1042

Stoughton, Suffolk County, 3 December

pg.1043

Stow and Boxborough, Middlesex County, 30 November

pg.1044

Sturbridge, Worcester County, 3 December

pg.1045

Sudbury, Middlesex County, 17 December

pg.1046

Sunderland, Hampshire County, 3 December pg.1046

     Instructions, 17 December

pg.1047

Sutton, Worcester County, 10 December

pg.1048

Taunton, Bristol County, 26 November and 7 January

pg.1049

     Election Certificate, 26 November pg.1049
     Warrant Calling Town Meeting, 25 December pg.1049

     Town Meeting, 7 January

pg.1050

     Memorial to the Massachusetts Convention, 7 January pg.1050

     Massachusetts Convention Journal, 11 January

pg.1051

     Massachusetts Convention Committee Report, 12 January pg.1051

Tewksbury, Middlesex County, 24 December

pg.1052

Topsfield, Essex County, 13 December

pg.1053

Topsham, Lincoln County, 31 December

pg.1054

     Speech of Samuel Thompson, Massachusetts Convention, 24 January pg.1054

Townshend, Middlesex County, 24 December

pg.1055

     Instructions, 31 December pg.1055

Truro, Barnstable County, 8 December

pg.1058

Upton, Worcester County, 17 December pg.1058

Vassalborough, Lincoln County, 1 January

pg.1059

     Town Meeting, 30 November pg.1059
     Warrant Calling Town Meeting, 7 December pg.1059
     Town Meeting, 11 December pg.1060

     Petition to Selectmen, 15 December

pg.1060

     Warrant Calling Town Meeting, 20 December

pg.1061

     Town Meeting, 1 January pg.1061
     Silas Lee to George Thatcher, Biddeford, 23 January pg.1061

Waldoborough, Lincoln County, 10 December

pg.1062

Ware, Hampshire County, 31 December pg.1062

Washington, Berkshire County, 24 December

pg.1062
     Henry Van Schaack to Theodore Sedgwick, Pittsfield, 14 December pg.1062

Wellfleet, Barnstable County, 26 December

pg.1063

Wells, York County, 3 December pg.1063

     David Sewall to George Thatcher, York, 5 January

pg.1064

Wendell, Hampshire County, 31 December pg.1064
Westborough, Worcester County, 24 December pg.1064
Westminster, Worcester County, 30 November pg.1065

West Stockbridge, Berkshire County, 22 November

pg.1065

Williamsburgh, Hampshire County, 3 December

pg.1066

Williamstown, Berkshire County, 24 December pg.1066
     Election Certificate, 24 December pg.1066

     Moderators' Certificate, 1 January

pg.1067

     Town Clerk's Version of Town Meeting as Submitted to the Massachusetts Convention, 3 January pg.1067

     Residents' Version of Town Meeting as Submitted to the Massachusetts Convention, 3 January

pg.1068

     Remonstrance to the Massachusetts Convention, 3 January pg.1068

     Massachusetts Convention Journal, 11 January

pg.1069

     Massachusetts Convention: Committee Report on Remonstrance from Williamstown, 12 January pg.1069
     Massachusetts Convention Journal, 12 January pg.1069
Windham, Cumberland County, 13 December pg.1070

Winslow, Lincoln County, 17 December

pg.1070

Worcester, Worcester County, 3 December

pg.1071

     Worcester Magazine, 6 December pg.1071
Wrentham, Suffolk County, 17 December pg.1071

York, York County, 3 December

pg.1072

     Town Meeting, 3 December pg.1072
     Jonathan Sayward Diary, York, 3 December pg.1072
     Christopher Gore to Rufus King, Boston, 23 December pg.1072
     David Sewall to George Thatcher, York, 5 January pg.1072
     Samuel P. Savage to George Thatcher, Weston, 11 January pg.1072

     Joseph Tucker to George Thatcher, York, 28 January

pg.1073

General Commentaries on the Election of Convention Delegates
      29 November 1787-8 March 1788 pg.1073
     Worcester Magazine, 29 November pg.1073

     Nathaniel Gorham to Rufus King, Charlestown, 12 December

pg.1074

     Propriety, Worcester Magazine, 13 December pg.1074
     American Centinel, 1 January pg.1074

     William Cranch to John Quincy Adams, Boston, 27 January

pg.1075

     Philadelphia Federal Gazette, 8 March pg.1075

Appendix I Speculation About the Prospects for the Ratification of the Constitution in Massachusetts 23 September 1787-7 March 1788

pg.1077

Jeremiah Wadsworth to Henry Knox, Hartford, Conn., 23 September

pg.1078

Maryland Journal, 28 September pg.1078
James Madison to George Washington, New York, 30 September pg.1078

Lambert Cadwalader to George Mitchell, New York, 8 October

pg.1079

James Madison to George Washington, New York, 14 October pg.1079
William Ellery to Ebenezer Hazard, Newport, R.I., 16 October pg.1079
Miers Fisher to Robert Barclay, Philadelphia, 20 October pg.1079
James Madison to Edmund Randolph, New York, 21 October pg.1079

Lambert Cadwalader to Edward Lloyd, New York, 23 October

pg.1080

James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, New York, 24 October, 1 November pg.1080
John Stevens, Jr., to John Stevens, Sr., New York, 27 October pg.1080
James Madison to Edmund Pendleton, New York, 28 October pg.1080

Henry Knox to James Swan, New York, 30 October

pg.1081

John Brown Cutting to William Short, London, 3 November pg.1081
Curtius III, New York Daily Advertiser, 3 November (Supplement) pg.1081

Charleston City Gazette, 10 November

pg.1082

Nicholas Gilman to William Irvine, New York, 20 November pg.1082
Henry Knox to Nathan Dane, New York, 21 November pg.1082
Samuel A. Otis to James Warren, New York, 27 November pg.1082

Hugh Ledlie to William Samuel Johnson, Hartford, Conn., 3 December

pg.1083

Peter Allaire: Journal of Occurrences New York, 6 December 1787-2 January pg.1083
James Madison to George Washington, New York, 7 December pg.1083
James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, New York, 9 December pg.1083

Oliver Wolcott, Sr. to Oliver Wolcott, Jr., Litchfield, Conn. 9 December

pg.1084

Henry Knox to George Washington, New York, 11 December pg.1084
Samuel Powel to George Washington, Philadelphia, 12 December pg.1084
Henry Knox to the Marquis de Lafayette, New York, 14 December pg.1084

Antoine de la Forest to Comte de Montmorin, New York, 15 December

pg.1085

Timothy Pickering to Charles Tillinghast, Philadelphia, 24 December pg.1085
Timothy Pickering to John Pickering, Philadelphia, 29 December pg.1085

Roger Alden to Samuel William Johnson, New York, 31 December

pg.1086

Peter Allaire: Journal of Occurrences New York, 2 January-27 February pg.1086
Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 5 January pg.1086
Pennsylvania Gazette, 9 January pg.1086

From Thomas Hutchins, New York, 10 January

pg.1087

Samuel Blachley Webb to Joseph Barrell, New York, 13 January pg.1087
Albany Gazette, 17 January pg.1087

James Wilson to Samuel Wallis, Philadelphia, 22 January

pg.1088

Melancton Smith to Abraham Yates, Jr., New York, 23 January pg.1088
Pennsylvania Gazette, 23 January pg.1088
John Quincy Adams Diary, Newburyport, 24 January pg.1089
Tobias Lear to John Langdon, Mount Vernon, Va., 25 January pg.1089
James Madison to George Washington, New York, 25 January pg.1089

Tench Coxe to John Barry, Philadelphia, 26 January

pg.1089

William Samuel Johnson to Samuel William Johnson, New York, 26 January

pg.1090

John Delafield to Nicholas Low, New York, 27 January pg.1090
John Eager Howard to William Smallwood, New York, 27 January pg.1090
John Brown to James Breckinridge, New York, 28 January pg.1090

James Madison to George Washington, New York, 28 January

pg.1091

Melancton Smith to Abraham Yates, Jr., New York, 28 January pg.1091
Staats Morris to Lewis Morris, Jr., New York, 29 January pg.1092
Benjamin Rush to Timothy Pickering, Philadelphia, 29 January pg.1092
Connecticut Fairfield Gazette, 30 January pg.1092

Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 30 January

pg.1092

Abraham G. Lansing to Abraham Yates, Jr., Albany, N.Y., 31 January

pg.1093

Albany Gazette, 31 January pg.1093
New York Journal, 31 January pg.1093
James Madison to George Washington, New York, 1 February pg.1093
Exeter, N.H., Freeman's Oracle, 1 February pg.1094

New York Daily Advertiser, 2 February

pg.1094

New York Independent Journal, 2 February

pg.1095

Jared Ingersoll to John Lowell, Philadelphia, 3 February pg.1095
John Jay to George Washington, New York, 3 February pg.1095
New York Journal, 4 February pg.1095

Sampson Fleming to Thomas Randall, New York, 5 February

pg.1096

Walter Rutherfurd to John Stevens, Sr., New York, 5 February pg.1096
George Washington to James Madison, Mount Vernon, Va., 5 February pg.1096

George Washington to Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. Mount Vernon, Va., 5 February

pg.1097

Pennsylvania Germantauner Zeitung, 5 February pg.1097

Poughkeepsie Country Journal, 5 February

pg.1098

Carlisle Gazette, 6 February pg.1098
Philadelphiensis IX, Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 6 February pg.1098
George Washington to the Marquis de Lafayette Mount Vernon, Va., 7 February pg.1098

New Haven Gazette, 7 February

pg.1099

Pennsylvania Packet, 7 February pg.1099
Virginia Gazette and Weekly Advertiser, 7 February pg.1099
Abraham Baldwin to Noble Wimberley Jones, New York, 8 February pg.1099

Charles Carroll of Carrollton to Wallace, Johnson, and Muir Annapolis, 8 February

pg.1100

James Madison to George Washington, New York, 8 February pg.1100
Comte de Moustier to Comte de Montmorin, New York, 8 February pg.1100

Philip Schuyler to Stephen Van Rensselaer, Poughkeepsie, 8 February

pg.1101

Alexander Hamilton to Philip Schuyler, New York, 9 February pg.1101
Pennsylvania Herald, 9 February pg.1101
Pennsylvania Mercury, 9 February pg.1101

Edward Carrington to Henry Knox, Manchester, Va., 10 February

pg.1102

New York Daily Advertiser, 11 February pg.1102
William Samuel Johnson to Ralph Izard, New York, 12 February pg.1102

Philadelphische Correspondenz, 12 February

pg.1103

Maryland Journal, 12 February pg.1103
William North to Henry Knox, Albany, N.Y., 13 February pg.1103
Joseph Jones to James Madison, Richmond, Va., 14 February pg.1103

Gouverneur Morris to James LaCaze, Williamsburg, Va., 21 February

pg.1104

Winchester Virginia Gazette, 22 February pg.1104
Carlisle Gazette, 27 February pg.1105
Pittsburgh Gazette, 1 March pg.1105

Winchester Virginia Gazette, 7 March

pg.1105

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