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The Massachusetts Volumes of The Documentary History
of the Ratification of the Constitution

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Table of Contents Massachusetts Volume 3 (series volume VI)

Volume 1  Volume 2  Volume 3  Volume 4

Endsheet Map: “Massachusetts Towns Vote on the Constitution”
Half Title Page pg.i
Title Page pg.iii
Copyright Page pg.iv
Dedication pg.v
Editorial Advisory Committee pg.vi
Contents pg.vii
Acknowledgments pg.xiii
Organization pg.xv
Editorial Procedures pg.xvii
General Ratification Chronology, 1786-1791 pg.xviii
Calendar for the Years 1787-1788 pg.xxi
Symbols pg.xxii
Massachusetts Chronology, 1776-1790 pg.xxvi
Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1787-1788 pg.xxx
V. THE MASSACHUSETTS CONVENTION 9 January-7 February 1788
Introduction pg.1107
     The Delegates pg.1108
     Changing the Meeting Place pg.1109
     The Procedures pg.1110
     The Activities of Federalists and Antifederalists Outside the Convention pg.1111
     The Issues Debated pg.1114
     Elbridge Gerry Attends the Convention pg.1115
     Federalists Gain Strength pg.1116
     Recommendatory Amendments pg.1116
     Antifederalists Attempt to Adjourn pg.1121
     The Constitution Ratified pg.1122
     Final Day's Housekeeping pg.1123
     Public Reading of the Constitution and Dissolution of the Convention pg.1123
Sources for the Massachusetts Convention pg.1128
     Convention Journal and Related Documents pg.1128
     Newspaper Reports of Convention Debates pg.1128
     Book Edition of Convention Debates (March 1788) pg.1132
     Reprints of Book Edition of Convention Debates (1808 and 1856) pg.1136
     Notes by Convention Delegates and Observers pg.1137
     Letters pg.1140
     Newspapers pg.1142
     Secondary Accounts pg.1143
Newspaper Printings and Reprintings of the Debates of the Massachusetts Convention pg.1145
Delegates to the Massachusetts Convention pg.1152
Massachusetts Convention, 9 January pg.1161
Convention Journal, 9 January, A.M. pg.1161
Convention Journal, 9 January, P.M. pg.1162
Editors' Note: The Meeting Places of the Massachusetts Convention, Boston, 9 January-7 February 1788 pg.1163
Massachusetts Convention, 10 January pg.1165
Convention Journal, 10 January, A.M. pg.1165
Newspaper Report of Convention Proceedings, 10 January, A.M. pg.1167
     Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January pg.1167
Convention Journal, 10 January, P.M. pg.1168
Massachusetts Convention 11 January pg.1169
Convention Journal, 11 January, A.M. pg.1169
Convention Journal, 11 January, P.M. pg.1170
Committee Report on Election Returns, 11 January, P.M. pg.1171
Newspaper Report of Convention Proceedings, 11 January, P.M. pg.1172
     Massachusetts Centinel, 12 January pg.1172
Massachusetts Convention, 12 January pg.1173
Convention Journal, 12 January pg.1173
Newspaper Reports of Convention Proceedings, 12 January pg.1174
     American Herald, 14 January pg.1174
     Boston Gazette, 14 January pg.1175
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 12 January pg.1175
Editors' Note: Elbridge Gerry and the Massachusetts Convention, 12-22 January 1788 pg.1175
Massachusetts Convention, 14 January pg.1182
Convention Journal, 14 January, A.M. pg.1182
Convention Journal, 14 January, P.M. pg.1183
Convention Debates, 14 January, P.M. pg.1184
Massachusetts Convention, 15 January pg.1187
Convention Journal, 15 January, A.M. pg.1187
Elbridge Gerry to the President of the Massachusetts Convention pg.1188
Convention Debates, 15 January, A.M. pg.1188
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 15 January, A.M. pg.1198
Convention Journal, 15 January, P.M. pg.1199
Convention Debates, 15 January, P.M. pg.1200
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 15 January, P.M. pg.1206
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 15 January pg.1208
Newspaper Report of Convention Debates, 15 January pg.1208
Independent Chronicle, 17 January pg.1208
Massachusetts Convention, 16 January pg.1209
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 16 January, A.M. pg.1209
Convention Debates, 16 January, P.M. pg.1213
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 16 January, P.M. pg.1221
Massachusetts Convention, 17 January pg.1223
Convention Journal, 17 January, A.M. pg.1223
Committee Report on Place of Meeting, 16 January pg.1224
Convention Debates, 17 January, A.M. pg.1224
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 17 January, A.M. pg.1230
Newspaper Report of Convention Debates, 17 January pg.1233
Massachusetts Gazette, 18 January pg.1233
Convention Journal, 17 January, P.M. pg.1235
Convention Debates, 17 January, P.M. pg.1236
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 17 January, P.M. pg.1240
Massachusetts Convention, 18 January pg.1243
Convention Debates, 18 January, A.M. pg.1243
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 18 January, A.M. pg.1246
Convention Journal, 18 January, P.M. pg.1248
Convention Debates, 18 January, P.M. pg.1249
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 18 January, P.M. pg.1252
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 18 January pg.1252
Massachusetts Convention, 19 January pg.1253
Convention Journal, 19 January pg.1254
Convention Debates, 19 January pg.1254
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 19 January pg.1259
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 19 January pg.1262
Newspaper Report of Convention Debates, 19 January pg.1264
     New York Morning Post, 4 February pg.1264
Defense of Elbridge Gerry's Actions in the Convention on 19 January pg.1265
     Elbridge Gerry to William Cushing, Cambridge, 21 January pg.1265
     A State of Facts pg.1267
Criticism of Elbridge Gerry's Actions in the Convention on 19 January pg.1271
     A Spectator, Massachusetts Centinel, 2 February pg.1271
Massachusetts Convention, 21 January pg.1276
Convention Journal, 21 January, A.M. pg.1276
Convention Debates, 21 January, A.M. pg.1276
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 21 January, A.M. pg.1280
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 21 January, A.M. pg.1281
Convention Journal, 21 January, P.M. pg.1282
Convention Debates, 21 January, P.M. pg.1282
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 21 January, P.M. pg.1294
Massachusetts Convention, 22 January pg.1297
Convention Debates, 22 January, A.M. pg.1297
Newspaper Report of Convention Debates, 22 January, A.M. pg.1305
     Independent Chronicle, 31 January pg.1305
Convention Debates, 22 January, P.M. pg.1306
Massachusetts Convention, 23 January pg.1312
Convention Journal, 23 January, A.M. pg.1312
Convention Debates, 23 January, A.M. pg.1313
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 23 January, A.M. pg.1330
Convention Journal, 23 January, P.M. pg.1332
Convention Debates, 23 January, P.M. pg.1333
Massachusetts Convention, 24 January pg.1334
Convention Journal, 24 January, A.M. pg.1334
Convention Debates, 24 January, A.M. pg.1334
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 24 January, A.M. pg.1338
Convention Debates, 24 January, P.M. pg.1338
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 24 January, P.M. pg.1341
William Cushing: Notes of Convention Debates, 24 January, P.M. pg.1343
Massachusetts Convention, 25 January pg.1344
Convention Debates, 25 January, A.M. pg.1344
Newspaper Report of Convention Debates, 25 January, A.M. pg.1348
     Exeter, N.H., Freeman's Oracle, 1 February pg.1348
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 25 January pg.1350
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 25 January, A.M. pg.1351
Convention Debates, 25 January, P.M. pg.1352
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 25 January, P.M. pg.1355
Newspaper Report of Convention Debates, 25 January, P.M. pg.1357
     Massachusetts Centinel, 23 February pg.1357
Massachusetts Convention, 26 January pg.1358
Convention Journal, 26 January pg.1358
Convention Debates, 26 January pg.1358
Massachusetts Convention, 28 January pg.1358
Convention Journal, 28 January, A.M. pg.1358
Convention Debates, 28 January pg.1360
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 28 January, A.M. pg.1361
Convention Journal, 28 January, P.M. pg.1361
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 28 January, P.M. pg.1361
Theophilus Parsons: Notes of Convention Debates, 28 January, P.M. pg.1363
Massachusetts Convention, 29 January pg.1363
Convention Journal, 29 January, A.M. pg.1363
Justus Dwight: Notes of Convention Debates, 29 January, A.M. pg.1363
Convention Journal, 29 January, P.M. pg.1364
Justus Dwight: Notes of Convention Debates, 29 January, P.M. pg.1365
Massachusetts Convention, 30 January pg.1365
Convention Journal, 30 January, A.M. pg.1365
Convention Debates, 30 January, A.M. pg.1366
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 30 January, P.M. pg.1373
Massachusetts Convention, 31 January pg.1373
Convention Debates, 31 January, A.M. pg.1373
Convention Journal, 31 January, P.M. pg.1380
Convention Debates, 31 January, P.M. pg.1383
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 31 January, P.M. pg.1386
Newspaper Reports of Convention Debates, 31 January pg.1387
     Massachusetts Gazette, 1 February pg.1387
     Massachusetts Centinel, 2 February pg.1387
     Exeter, N.H., Freeman's Oracle, 21 March pg.1388
Massachusetts Convention, 1 February pg.1390
Convention Debates, 1 February, A.M. pg.1390
Convention Journal, 1 February, P.M. pg.1402
Convention Debates, 1 February, P.M. pg.1403
Massachusetts Convention, 2 February pg.1405
Convention Journal, 2 February pg.1405
Convention Debates, 2 February pg.1406
Undelivered Speech by Timothy Winn, post-2 February pg.1407
Report of the Committee of Twenty-Five, 3-4 February pg.1410
     Roster and Vote of the Committee of Twenty-Five, 3-4 February pg.1411
     Report of the Committee of Twenty-Five, 4 February pg.1412
Massachusetts Convention, 4 February pg.1415
Convention Debates, 4 February pg.1415
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 4 February pg.1428
William Cushing: Undelivered Speeches, c. 4 February pg.1428
Massachusetts Convention, 5 February pg.1442
Convention Journal, 5 February, A.M. pg.1443
Convention Debates, 5 February, A.M. pg.1443
Convention Journal, 5 February, P.M. pg.1451
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 5 February pg.1451
Newspaper Report of Convention Proceedings, 5 February pg.1452
     Massachusetts Centinel, 6 February pg.1452
Massachusetts Convention, 6 February pg.1452
Convention Journal, 6 February, A.M. pg.1452
Convention Debates, 6 February, A.M. pg.1454
Convention Journal, 6 February, P.M. pg.1461
Form of Ratification, 6-7 February pg.1468
Convention Debates, 6 February, P.M. pg.1471
Jeremy Belknap: Notes of Convention Debates, 6 February pg.1490
Newspaper Report of Convention Proceedings, 6 February, P.M. pg.1490
     Connecticut Journal, 13 February pg.1490
Massachusetts Convention, 7 February pg.1491
Convention Journal, 7 February pg.1492
Newspaper Reports of Convention Proceedings and Debates, 7 February pg.1494
     Massachusetts Centinel, 9 February pg.1494
     Massachusetts Gazette, 8 February pg.1495
Appendix I Convention Expenses pg.1498
Payments to Convention Delegates pg.1498
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