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On This Day: May 14

1863 - (Civil War) Battle of Jackson, Mississippi

On this day, Union forces invaded the city of Jackson, the former capital of Mississippi, during the Vicksburg Campaign. The 8th and 18th Wisconsin Infantry regiments and 6th and 12th Wisconsin Light Artillery batteries took part in the invasion of Jackson.

1906 - Civil War General Carl Schurz Died

On this date Wisconsin abolitionist, politician, and Civil War general Carl Schurz died. He was born on March 2, 1829, near Cologne, Germany, and as a student at the age of 19 began public speaking at liberal political gatherings. Caught up in the revolution of March 1848, he was imprisoned, escaped, made a daring rescue of a comrade, and in November 1850 emigrated to England where he married Margaretha Meyer in November 1852.

Later that year they both emigrated to the United States, settling in Watertown, Wisconsin, where Margaretha established the first American kindergarten. In 1855, Schurz was admitted to the bar in Jefferson, Wisconsin, and began his political career. A supporter of the fledgling Republican Party, in 1857 he was a candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin, an election he lost by only two hundred votes. In 1860, Schurz joined the Lincoln campaign and was credited with delivering the radical German vote to the Republicans that fall.

Lincoln appointed Schurz U.S. Minister to Spain, but he returned to the U.S. after the Union defeat at Bull Run, when Lincoln made him a Brigadier General. The troops that Schurz commanded included the German immigrant solders of the Wisconsin 26th Infantry. After the war, Schurz worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune before becoming editor and part owner of the Westliche Post in St. Louis, Missouri. During the 1870s he served in the U.S. Senate from Missouri, as Secretary of the Interior, and as a journalist. [Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress]

1953 - Milwaukee Brewery Workers Go On Strike

Milwaukee brewery workers begin a 10-week strike, demanding contracts comparable to those of East and West coast workers. The strike was won when Blatz Brewery accepted their demands, but Blatz was ousted from the Brewers Association for "unethical" business methods as a result. The following year Schlitz president Erwin C. Uihlein told guests at Schlitz' annual Christmas party that "Irreparable harm was done to the Milwaukee brewery industry during the 76-day strike of 1953, and unemployed brewery workers must endure 'continued suffering' before the prestige of Milwaukee beer is re-established on the world market."