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A Menominee superintendent discusses changes on the reservation, 1935

Now the Menominee Indians are ready to govern themselves

In 1934, Congress passed the Indian Reorganization Act which sought to encourage tribes to form tribal governments that could govern internal affairs. John Collier, the Indian Commissioner, appointed three Indian superintendents for the Menominee, including the man interviewed here, Ralph Fredenberg. This article reviews living conditions on the Menominee reservation and the current political restructuring, as well as Fredenberg's plans for the future of his tribe.

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Related Topics: Wisconsin's Response to 20th-century change
Indians in the 20th Century
Creator: Butcher, Clifford F.
Pub Data: Milwaukee Journal. 16 June 1935.
Citation: Butcher, Clifford F. "Now the Menominee Indians are ready to govern themselves." Milwaukee Journal. (16 June 1935). Online facsimile at:; Visited on: 4/23/2014
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