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The Menominee recall meeting Europeans for the first time.

The First Meeting of the Menomini and the Whites

The Menominee long recalled their first encounters with the Europeans who arrived so unexpectedly in the seventeenth century. Their memories of these meetings were passed down verbally from parent to child for eight or nine generations, and ultimately told to visiting anthropologist Walter Hoffman in 1890, when he made five visits to their nation in Keshena. The story describes the introduction of alcohol, firearms, and metal utensils to the Indians during this first meeting.

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Related Topics: Early Native Peoples
Explorers, Traders, and Settlers
Arrival of the First Europeans
Creator: Hoffman, Walter James, 1846-1899.
Pub Data: U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology Fourteenth annual report, 1892-93 (Washington, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, 1896): 214-216.
Citation: "The First Meeting of the Menomini and the Whites" in Hoffman, Walter J. The Menomini Indians. (Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1896): 214-216; Online facsimile at:; Visited on: 4/19/2014
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