First Peoples

All communities have stories that describe their beginning. These stories connect the community to the world at large, and they establish the foundations for group behavior and unity. This traditional history is carefully nurtured, guarded, and passed from one generation to the next, for it serves as the soul of the community. Traditional stories incorporate factual accounts of events and the creative interpretations necessary to engage community members and weave diverse narratives into a coherent whole. Inappropriate behavior is identified and the punishments prescribed; appropriate behavior is extolled and the rewards detailed. These stories prepare individuals for membership in their... more...

Original Documents and Other Primary Sources

Link to article: Ojibwe Place Names in Wisconsin, ca. 1890Ojibwe Place Names in Wisconsin, ca. 1890
Link to article: Ancient copper mines are discovered in 1848Ancient copper mines are discovered in 1848
Link to article: Menominee Vocabulary, 1893Menominee Vocabulary, 1893
Link to artifacts: Copper tools from Northern Wisconsin, 4000-1,200 B.C.Copper tools from Northern Wisconsin, 4000-1,200 B.C.
Link to artifacts: An Oneota ceramic vessel, ca. 1500-1625An Oneota ceramic vessel, ca. 1500-1625
Link to book: Statistics on government schools for Indians, 1899Statistics on government schools for Indians, 1899
Link to book: A Ho-Chunk grammar textbook, 1945A Ho-Chunk grammar textbook, 1945
Link to book: A speech by Brothertown Indian leader Samsom Occom, 1771A speech by Brothertown Indian leader Samsom Occom, 1771
Link to book: A guide to the Mohican language, 1789A guide to the Mohican language, 1789
Link to book: The language spoken by the Brothertown Indians when Europeans arrived in AmericaThe language spoken by the Brothertown Indians when Europeans arrived in America
Link to book: A modern dictionary of the Menominee languageA modern dictionary of the Menominee language
Link to book: A life of Jesus in Ottawa, 1837A life of Jesus in Ottawa, 1837
Link to book: A religious primer in Mohican, 1818A religious primer in Mohican, 1818
Link to book: An Oneida prayer-book, 1816An Oneida prayer-book, 1816
Link to book: A missionary's speech in Oneida, 1815.A missionary's speech in Oneida, 1815.
Link to book: An Oneida spelling book for children, 1820An Oneida spelling book for children, 1820
Link to book: The language of the Brothertown Indians' ancestors, 1722The language of the Brothertown Indians' ancestors, 1722
Link to book: Fr. Baraga's 1853 Ojibwe DictionaryFr. Baraga's 1853 Ojibwe Dictionary
Link to book: The sports and games of IndiansThe sports and games of Indians
Link to book: The first book printed in Wisconsin, an Ojibwe almanacThe first book printed in Wisconsin, an Ojibwe almanac
Link to book: Report on the Menominee at Termination, 1958Report on the Menominee at Termination, 1958
Link to book: An Early Archaeological Report on the Old Copper CultureAn Early Archaeological Report on the Old Copper Culture
Link to images: 5,000-year-old tools from Crawford County.5,000-year-old tools from Crawford County.
Link to manuscript: A Long Ho-Chunk Vocabulary, 1880A Long Ho-Chunk Vocabulary, 1880
Link to manuscript: Brief Ho-Chunk Language Vocabularies, 1830-1930Brief Ho-Chunk Language Vocabularies, 1830-1930
Link to manuscript: A missionary's handwritten dictionary of terms in the Sauk language, 1834A missionary's handwritten dictionary of terms in the Sauk language, 1834
Link to manuscript: The creation narrative of the Ho-Chunk Indians, recorded about 1850.The creation narrative of the Ho-Chunk Indians, recorded about 1850.
Link to manuscript: Brief Potawatomi Language Vocabularies, 1920-1932.Brief Potawatomi Language Vocabularies, 1920-1932.
Link to manuscript: Alfred Bridgman's English-Menominee word list from the 1870sAlfred Bridgman's English-Menominee word list from the 1870s
Link to manuscript: Frank Bridgman's Menominee vocabulary, 1878Frank Bridgman's Menominee vocabulary, 1878
Link to manuscript: Journals, 1824-1831, of Rev. Cutting Marsh, missionary to the Stockbridge (Mohican) Indians.Journals, 1824-1831, of Rev. Cutting Marsh, missionary to the Stockbridge (Mohican) Indians.
Link to manuscript: Journals, 1831-1836, of Rev. Cutting Marsh, missionary to the Stockbridge (Mohican) Indians.Journals, 1831-1836, of Rev. Cutting Marsh, missionary to the Stockbridge (Mohican) Indians.
Link to manuscript: American Indian language manuscripts at the Wisconsin Historical Society, 2010American Indian language manuscripts at the Wisconsin Historical Society, 2010
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