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Iroquois Wars of the 17th Century

Within a generation of Columbus, the French had penetrated the St. Lawrence River and pointed their ships toward the interior. By 1630 they had built settlements at Quebec and Montreal, where they could easily communicate and trade with the Huron, Ottawa, and Ojibwe Indians around the Great Lakes. At the same time, the English and Dutch settled New England and New York, where they could easily communicate and trade with the nations of the Iroquois Confederacy via the Hudson River. In the 1640s, the Dutch demand for furs prompted the Iroquois to invade the rich fur-supplying territories to their north... more...

Original Documents and Other Primary Sources

Link to book: Jesuit missionaries describe the aftermath of Iroquois attacks.  Jesuit missionaries describe the aftermath of Iroquois attacks.
Link to book: A priest journeys to a Wisconsin village of exiled Hurons in 1661.  A priest journeys to a Wisconsin village of exiled Hurons in 1661.
Link to images: Iroquois warriors attack their enemies while hunting  Iroquois warriors attack their enemies while hunting
Link to images: Iroquois warriors ambush French troops in 1687.  Iroquois warriors ambush French troops in 1687.

Primary Sources Available Elsewhere

Link to article: The first French fur traders reach Wisconsin about 1654.  The first French fur traders reach Wisconsin about 1654.
Link to article: The First Iroquois Raid into Wisconsin, 1653  The First Iroquois Raid into Wisconsin, 1653
Link to article: Father Jean Claude Allouez in the Fox Valley, 1669-1670.  Father Jean Claude Allouez in the Fox Valley, 1669-1670.
Link to article: The Ottawas and Huron Flee to Wisconsin, 1656-1662.  The Ottawas and Huron Flee to Wisconsin, 1656-1662.
Link to book: Fr. Louis Hennepin describes Wisconsin and Minnesota in the 1670's.  Fr. Louis Hennepin describes Wisconsin and Minnesota in the 1670's.
Link to book: Francis Parkman's The Jesuits in North America, from Project Gutenberg.  Francis Parkman's The Jesuits in North America, from Project Gutenberg.
Link to book: Cadwallader Colden's History of the Five Nations... (1747) presents the Iroquois side of the story.  Cadwallader Colden's History of the Five Nations... (1747) presents the Iroquois side of the story.
Link to book: An electronic text of the complete Jesuit Relations, at Creighton University.  An electronic text of the complete Jesuit Relations, at Creighton University.

Related Links

Visit our archaeology Web pages
Visit the Web site of the Menominee Indian Tribe
Visit the Web site of the Ho-chunk Nation
Visit the Web site of the Oneida Nation of Wisconsin.
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