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The Creation of Wisconsin Territory

With the decline of British influence after the War of 1812, the population of the Great Lakes region increased dramatically. New territories were created from old, and the most populous ones became states. Wisconsin was successively part of the original Northwest Territory (1788-1800), Indiana Territory (1800-1809), Illinois Territory (1809-1818), and Michigan Territory (1818-1836) before it became a territory in its own right (1836-1848).

By 1818 the boundaries of the Michigan Territory had been extended westward to the Mississippi River. Out of the area beyond lower Michigan were created three counties to administer local government: Crawford County in the west with... more...

Original Documents and Other Primary Sources

Link to article: The memoirs of Nelson Dewey, the state's first governor.  The memoirs of Nelson Dewey, the state's first governor.
Link to article: Early History of the Brothertown Indians  Early History of the Brothertown Indians
Link to article: Theodore Rodolf recounts his life in the lead region in the 1830s  Theodore Rodolf recounts his life in the lead region in the 1830s
Link to article: The founding of Fort Winnebago and the career of trader Pierre Paquette  The founding of Fort Winnebago and the career of trader Pierre Paquette
Link to article: Nine newspaper stories about the first capitol (1917).  Nine newspaper stories about the first capitol (1917).
Link to article: The surveyor that laid out Madison recalls his days in the field in 1837.  The surveyor that laid out Madison recalls his days in the field in 1837.
Link to article: Girlhood and motherhood on the Wisconsin frontier, 1824-1860.  Girlhood and motherhood on the Wisconsin frontier, 1824-1860.
Link to images: Wisconsin's first Territorial Governor, Henry Dodge  Wisconsin's first Territorial Governor, Henry Dodge
Link to images: Early Wisconsin settler and Madison Promoter James Duane Doty  Early Wisconsin settler and Madison Promoter James Duane Doty
Link to manuscript: Henry Baird objects to the location of the territorial capitol, 1836.  Henry Baird objects to the location of the territorial capitol, 1836.
Link to map: States and territories created under the Northwest Ordinance.  States and territories created under the Northwest Ordinance.
Link to map: The imaginary capital city that its chief promoter envisioned, 1836.  The imaginary capital city that its chief promoter envisioned, 1836.
Link to places: Stonefield, home of Gov. Nelson Dewey and the State Agricultural Museum  Stonefield, home of Gov. Nelson Dewey and the State Agricultural Museum

Primary Sources Available Elsewhere

Link to book: A historical, documentary, and descriptive history of Wisconsin to 1854  A historical, documentary, and descriptive history of Wisconsin to 1854
Link to book: An early politician recollects Wisconsin's Territorial legislation, 1870  An early politician recollects Wisconsin's Territorial legislation, 1870
Link to images: 1898 Wisconsin Day Broadside, detailing notable events in state history  1898 Wisconsin Day Broadside, detailing notable events in state history

Related Links

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