The Iron Brigade, Old Abe and Military Affairs

Between 1860 and 1861, eleven Southern states defied the authority of the U.S. government and seceded from the Union, asserting a doctrine of states' rights. Ironically though, for several years before the war, Wisconsin had been the most thoroughgoing champion of states' rights. Unlike the Southern states, however, Wisconsin had used the doctrine in opposition to, rather than in support of, slavery. States' rights had been the basis of the Wisconsin Supreme Court's decision to nullify the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act after the controversy surrounding the fugitive slave Joshua Glover (see "Abolitionism and Other Social Reforms").

When war broke out... more...

Original Documents and Other Primary Sources

Link to article: A Wisconsin officer refuses to give slaves back to their owners (2), 1862A Wisconsin officer refuses to give slaves back to their owners (2), 1862
Link to article: A 14-year-old Wisconsin boy fights in the Civil WarA 14-year-old Wisconsin boy fights in the Civil War
Link to article: An interview with a Black soldier among Wisconsin troops in the Civil War.An interview with a Black soldier among Wisconsin troops in the Civil War.
Link to article: A Wisconsin officer refuses to give slaves back to their owners (1), 1862A Wisconsin officer refuses to give slaves back to their owners (1), 1862
Link to article: A teenage nurse at the front, 1863-1864A teenage nurse at the front, 1863-1864
Link to article: More than 200 Wis. newspaper stories about the warMore than 200 Wis. newspaper stories about the war
Link to article: Leonard Farwell, seeing Lincoln killed, saves Vice President JohnsonLeonard Farwell, seeing Lincoln killed, saves Vice President Johnson
Link to article: The Iron Brigade recalled by a veteran, 20 years after the warThe Iron Brigade recalled by a veteran, 20 years after the war
Link to article: The Civil War diary of a private from Sheboygan CountyThe Civil War diary of a private from Sheboygan County
Link to article: A Wisconsin logger saves the Union fleet in 1864A Wisconsin logger saves the Union fleet in 1864
Link to article: Wisconsin Governor Jeremiah Rusk (1830-1893)Wisconsin Governor Jeremiah Rusk (1830-1893)
Link to article: Memories by a Wisconsin commander of Black troops in the Civil War.Memories by a Wisconsin commander of Black troops in the Civil War.
Link to artifacts: A Tiffany punch bowl in honor of Bailey's heroicsA Tiffany punch bowl in honor of Bailey's heroics
Link to artifacts: A feather from war eagle Old AbeA feather from war eagle Old Abe
Link to artifacts: An iron collar removed from a fugitive slave by Wisconsin soldiers in 1862An iron collar removed from a fugitive slave by Wisconsin soldiers in 1862
Link to book: Roster of Wisconsin Civil War Soldiers, vol. IRoster of Wisconsin Civil War Soldiers, vol. I
Link to book: A Wisconsin soldier recounts the Battle of Gettysburg for his family.A Wisconsin soldier recounts the Battle of Gettysburg for his family.
Link to book: A guide to the battles and engagements fought by Wisconsin troops.A guide to the battles and engagements fought by Wisconsin troops.
Link to book: The history and traditions of the Chippewa ValleyThe history and traditions of the Chippewa Valley
Link to book: The roster of Wisconsin's only unit of black Civil War soldiersThe roster of Wisconsin's only unit of black Civil War soldiers
Link to book: The only Wisconsin unit of Black soldiers in the Civil WarThe only Wisconsin unit of Black soldiers in the Civil War
Link to book: Names of ex-soldiers and sailors residing in Wisconsin, 1895Names of ex-soldiers and sailors residing in Wisconsin, 1895
Link to book: Names of ex-soldiers and sailors residing in Wisconsin, 1905Names of ex-soldiers and sailors residing in Wisconsin, 1905
Link to book: Roster of Wisconsin Civil War Soldiers, vol. IIRoster of Wisconsin Civil War Soldiers, vol. II
Link to book: Alphabetical index to all Wisconsin Civil War soldiersAlphabetical index to all Wisconsin Civil War soldiers
Link to book: Official List of Wisconsin Soldiers Killed in the Civil WarOfficial List of Wisconsin Soldiers Killed in the Civil War
Link to book: Names of ex-soldiers and sailors residing in Wisconsin, 1885Names of ex-soldiers and sailors residing in Wisconsin, 1885
Link to book: An 1875 history of the Chippewa ValleyAn 1875 history of the Chippewa Valley
Link to images: A photo of former slave Peter ThomasA photo of former slave Peter Thomas
Link to images: More than 100 photographs and other pictures from the Civil WarMore than 100 photographs and other pictures from the Civil War
Link to images: An 1887 portrait of General and Governor Lucius FairchildAn 1887 portrait of General and Governor Lucius Fairchild
Link to manuscript: Letters by relatives of Laura Ingalls Wilder, 1861-1919Letters by relatives of Laura Ingalls Wilder, 1861-1919
Link to manuscript: A Wisconsin soldier recounts the removal of a slave's iron collarA Wisconsin soldier recounts the removal of a slave's iron collar
Link to manuscript: Gettysburg day-by-day (June 30-July 6, 1863)Gettysburg day-by-day (June 30-July 6, 1863)
Link to manuscript: A Wisconsin soldier writes a prison poem on envelopes, 1863A Wisconsin soldier writes a prison poem on envelopes, 1863
Link to manuscript: A Wisconsin soldier writes home from the war, 1863A Wisconsin soldier writes home from the war, 1863
Link to manuscript: A Rock Co. soldier writes home, 1862-1865A Rock Co. soldier writes home, 1862-1865
Link to manuscript: A Wisconsin soldier describes being a prisoner of war, 1863-1865A Wisconsin soldier describes being a prisoner of war, 1863-1865
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