Wild Rice Harvesting

Harvested in the early autumn, wild rice was an immensely important commodity to Native Americans, particularly the Ojibwe and Menominee, who lived in the areas where it grew abundantly. The Menominee even took their name from the Indian word for wild rice, manomin, and were often referred to as the Wild Rice People by Europeans.

According to Menominee oral traditions, wild rice was a gift to humans from one of the Underneath Beings. When the rice was mature, the Menominee offered tobacco to this spirit to insure a good harvest. After that, the Underneath spirits and the Thunderbirds could claim... more...

Original Documents and Other Primary Sources

Link to article: A Ho-Chunk warrior cautiously acknowledges the U.S. in 1816.A Ho-Chunk warrior cautiously acknowledges the U.S. in 1816.
Link to article: A brief look at the use of wild rice among IndiansA brief look at the use of wild rice among Indians
Link to book: Report on the Menominee at Termination, 1958Report on the Menominee at Termination, 1958
Link to book: An anthropologist gives a comprehensive account of wild rice, 1634-1900An anthropologist gives a comprehensive account of wild rice, 1634-1900
Link to book: Fr. Baraga's 1853 Ojibwe DictionaryFr. Baraga's 1853 Ojibwe Dictionary
Link to images: Pictures of wild rice harvesting and preparationPictures of wild rice harvesting and preparation
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