The Conservation Movement

Between 1850 and 1920, concern for the natural world emerged as a complex and broadly popular political and cultural movement in the United States. Newly urbanized Americans were becomingly increasingly aware of the importance of nature as an economic, aesthetic, and spiritual resource, especially as they became convinced that nature's resources were imperiled by industrialization. This movement led to unprecedented public and private initiatives to ensure the conservation of natural resources and the preservation of wildlife and of land. By the turn of the twentieth century, Wisconsin had become a center of conservation thinking and activity in the United States.... more...

Original Documents and Other Primary Sources

Link to article: Recollections of John Muir in Prairie du Chien, 1860-61.Recollections of John Muir in Prairie du Chien, 1860-61.
Link to article: Madison boasts the nation's first fish hatcheryMadison boasts the nation's first fish hatchery
Link to article: The CCC tackles forest fires in Northern Wisconsin, 1934The CCC tackles forest fires in Northern Wisconsin, 1934
Link to article: Increase Lapham surveys Wisconsin's trees, 1858Increase Lapham surveys Wisconsin's trees, 1858
Link to book: Constitution of the Wisconsin Game Protective Association, 1900Constitution of the Wisconsin Game Protective Association, 1900
Link to book: A Lake Geneva home becomes a refuge for native plants and birdsA Lake Geneva home becomes a refuge for native plants and birds
Link to book: A Guide to CCC Camps in Wisconsin, 1937A Guide to CCC Camps in Wisconsin, 1937
Link to book: Progressive-era conservation efforts, 1917-1922Progressive-era conservation efforts, 1917-1922
Link to book: Wisconsin's earliest forest conservation plea, 1867Wisconsin's earliest forest conservation plea, 1867
Link to book: The Forestry Commission urges the creation of a state forest system, 1898
The Forestry Commission urges the creation of a state forest system, 1898
Link to book: A conservation education camp opens in Eagle RiverA conservation education camp opens in Eagle River
Link to book: John Nolen drafts a plan for a state park system in 1909John Nolen drafts a plan for a state park system in 1909
Link to collections: The Killing of Chief Joe White (Gishkitawag), 1894The Killing of Chief Joe White (Gishkitawag), 1894
Link to images: Increase Lapham examining a meteorite, ca. 1868Increase Lapham examining a meteorite, ca. 1868
Link to images: Pictures of John MuirPictures of John Muir
Link to images: Smokey Bear visits Milwaukee in 1954Smokey Bear visits Milwaukee in 1954
Link to images: Birdseye view of the first Wisconsin Fish HatcheryBirdseye view of the first Wisconsin Fish Hatchery
Link to images: A CCC recruitment poster, 1939A CCC recruitment poster, 1939
Link to images: Pictures of the cutover lands in northern WisconsinPictures of the cutover lands in northern Wisconsin
Link to manuscript: 30 original manuscript letters of John Muir, 1861-191430 original manuscript letters of John Muir, 1861-1914
Link to manuscript: A visit to John Muir in his dorm room, ca. 1862.A visit to John Muir in his dorm room, ca. 1862.
Link to manuscript: John Muir's younger brother recalls their boyhood.John Muir's younger brother recalls their boyhood.
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