20th-Century Immigration

From the late nineteenth century through the end of World War II, immigration policy in the United States underwent dramatic changes that helped to alter both the pace and the face of immigration. High rates of immigration in the nineteenth century sparked nativist sentiment and encouraged the introduction of restrictive legislation, particularly toward immigrants from Asia. Two World Wars and the Depression only intensified nativist and anti-immigration forces, as numerous bills in Congress advocated the suspension of immigration due to high unemployment, and even the deportation of non-Americans who experienced financial difficulties. Deportation became a particularly common theme after the... more...

Original Documents and Other Primary Sources

Link to article: Selections from FutureHmong: Voice of the Hmong magazine, 2001-2004Selections from FutureHmong: Voice of the Hmong magazine, 2001-2004
Link to article: A survey of Milwaukee's Hispanic community, 1976A survey of Milwaukee's Hispanic community, 1976
Link to article: The Founding of a Migrant Farm Workers' Union (1966)The Founding of a Migrant Farm Workers' Union (1966)
Link to article: A little bit of Italy in Vernon CountyA little bit of Italy in Vernon County
Link to article: A rural Italian community in CumberlandA rural Italian community in Cumberland
Link to article: Czech immigrants settle in Langlade County in the 1880sCzech immigrants settle in Langlade County in the 1880s
Link to article: Fifty years of Polish settlement in Portage County, 1857-1907Fifty years of Polish settlement in Portage County, 1857-1907
Link to article: A description of the early Polish immigrants to Wisconsin, 1901A description of the early Polish immigrants to Wisconsin, 1901
Link to article: The character and activities of Bohemian immigrants, 1901The character and activities of Bohemian immigrants, 1901
Link to article: A Made-to-Order Farm to lure settlers northward, 1921A Made-to-Order Farm to lure settlers northward, 1921
Link to article: Polish Americans in Milwaukee start an ethnic newsletter, 1932Polish Americans in Milwaukee start an ethnic newsletter, 1932
Link to article: An overview of Polish immigration through 1896An overview of Polish immigration through 1896
Link to article: An assessment of the needs of minorities in La Crosse, 1987An assessment of the needs of minorities in La Crosse, 1987
Link to article: A report looks at the needs of Hmong youthA report looks at the needs of Hmong youth
Link to article: A government newsletter explains American life to Southeast Asian refugees, 1975-76A government newsletter explains American life to Southeast Asian refugees, 1975-76
Link to article: A guide to Hmong history and culture, 1984A guide to Hmong history and culture, 1984
Link to article: A 1991 meeting on racist comments toward Hmong womenA 1991 meeting on racist comments toward Hmong women
Link to article: The history and status of La Crosse's Hmong population, ca. 1984The history and status of La Crosse's Hmong population, ca. 1984
Link to book: A brief history of migrant labor in WisconsinA brief history of migrant labor in Wisconsin
Link to book: Working conditions in the cherry industry, 1950Working conditions in the cherry industry, 1950
Link to book: Mexican-Americans in Milwaukee, 1930Mexican-Americans in Milwaukee, 1930
Link to book: A resource guide to Wisconsin's Hispanic communityA resource guide to Wisconsin's Hispanic community
Link to book: Wisconsin Holocaust survivors recall their experiencesWisconsin Holocaust survivors recall their experiences
Link to book: A post-season report on farm laborers, 1960A post-season report on farm laborers, 1960
Link to book: Human rights violations against migrant workers, 1950Human rights violations against migrant workers, 1950
Link to book: A survey report of migratory labor in Wisconsin in 1962A survey report of migratory labor in Wisconsin in 1962
Link to book: Wisconsin Jews are asked to support settlements in Palestine, ca. 1941Wisconsin Jews are asked to support settlements in Palestine, ca. 1941
Link to images: A migrant family at a Plymouth pea cannery, 1948A migrant family at a Plymouth pea cannery, 1948
Link to manuscript: A survey of the recreational and health services available in migrant labor camps, 1953A survey of the recreational and health services available in migrant labor camps, 1953
Link to manuscript: A task force seeks to improve life for Wisconsin's Hispanic community, 1971A task force seeks to improve life for Wisconsin's Hispanic community, 1971
Link to manuscript: The state examines the mental capacity of migrant children, 1950The state examines the mental capacity of migrant children, 1950
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