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20th-Century Immigration

From the late nineteenth century through the end of World War II, immigration policy in the United States underwent dramatic changes that helped to alter both the pace and the face of immigration. High rates of immigration in the nineteenth century sparked nativist sentiment and encouraged the introduction of restrictive legislation, particularly toward immigrants from Asia. Two World Wars and the Depression only intensified nativist and anti-immigration forces, as numerous bills in Congress advocated the suspension of immigration due to high unemployment, and even the deportation of non-Americans who experienced financial difficulties. Deportation became a particularly common theme after the... more...

Original Documents and Other Primary Sources

Link to article: Selections from FutureHmong: Voice of the Hmong magazine, 2001-2004  Selections from FutureHmong: Voice of the Hmong magazine, 2001-2004
Link to article: A survey of Milwaukee's Hispanic community, 1976  A survey of Milwaukee's Hispanic community, 1976
Link to article: The Founding of a Migrant Farm Workers' Union (1966)  The Founding of a Migrant Farm Workers' Union (1966)
Link to article: A little bit of Italy in Vernon County  A little bit of Italy in Vernon County
Link to article: A rural Italian community in Cumberland  A rural Italian community in Cumberland
Link to article: Czech immigrants settle in Langlade County in the 1880s  Czech immigrants settle in Langlade County in the 1880s
Link to article: Fifty years of Polish settlement in Portage County, 1857-1907  Fifty years of Polish settlement in Portage County, 1857-1907
Link to article: A description of the early Polish immigrants to Wisconsin, 1901  A description of the early Polish immigrants to Wisconsin, 1901
Link to article: The character and activities of Bohemian immigrants, 1901  The character and activities of Bohemian immigrants, 1901
Link to article: A Made-to-Order Farm to lure settlers northward, 1921  A Made-to-Order Farm to lure settlers northward, 1921
Link to article: Polish Americans in Milwaukee start an ethnic newsletter, 1932  Polish Americans in Milwaukee start an ethnic newsletter, 1932
Link to article: An overview of Polish immigration through 1896  An overview of Polish immigration through 1896
Link to article: An assessment of the needs of minorities in La Crosse, 1987  An assessment of the needs of minorities in La Crosse, 1987
Link to article: A report looks at the needs of Hmong youth  A report looks at the needs of Hmong youth
Link to article: The history and status of La Crosse's Hmong population, ca. 1984  The history and status of La Crosse's Hmong population, ca. 1984
Link to article: A 1991 meeting on racist comments toward Hmong women  A 1991 meeting on racist comments toward Hmong women
Link to article: A guide to Hmong history and culture, 1984  A guide to Hmong history and culture, 1984
Link to article: A government newsletter explains American life to Southeast Asian refugees, 1975-76  A government newsletter explains American life to Southeast Asian refugees, 1975-76
Link to book: Wisconsin Holocaust survivors recall their experiences  Wisconsin Holocaust survivors recall their experiences
Link to book: Wisconsin Jews are asked to support settlements in Palestine, ca. 1941  Wisconsin Jews are asked to support settlements in Palestine, ca. 1941
Link to book: Working conditions in the cherry industry, 1950  Working conditions in the cherry industry, 1950
Link to book: A survey report of migratory labor in Wisconsin in 1962  A survey report of migratory labor in Wisconsin in 1962
Link to book: A resource guide to Wisconsin's Hispanic community  A resource guide to Wisconsin's Hispanic community
Link to book: A brief history of migrant labor in Wisconsin  A brief history of migrant labor in Wisconsin
Link to book: Mexican-Americans in Milwaukee, 1930  Mexican-Americans in Milwaukee, 1930
Link to book: A post-season report on farm laborers, 1960  A post-season report on farm laborers, 1960
Link to book: Human rights violations against migrant workers, 1950  Human rights violations against migrant workers, 1950
Link to images: A migrant family at a Plymouth pea cannery, 1948  A migrant family at a Plymouth pea cannery, 1948
Link to manuscript: The state examines the mental capacity of migrant children, 1950  The state examines the mental capacity of migrant children, 1950
Link to manuscript: A survey of the recreational and health services available in migrant labor camps, 1953  A survey of the recreational and health services available in migrant labor camps, 1953
Link to manuscript: A task force seeks to improve life for Wisconsin's Hispanic community, 1971  A task force seeks to improve life for Wisconsin's Hispanic community, 1971
Link to places: Golda Meir's school in Milwaukee  Golda Meir's school in Milwaukee
Link to places: Milwaukee's East Village Historic District  Milwaukee's East Village Historic District
Link to places: Photographs of a Finnish homestead in northern Wisconsin  Photographs of a Finnish homestead in northern Wisconsin

Primary Sources Available Elsewhere

Link to book: Wisconsin Blue Books  Wisconsin Blue Books
Link to book: The economic and agricultural riches of La Crosse, 1904  The economic and agricultural riches of La Crosse, 1904
Link to collections: Documents relating to The Settlement's children's programs  Documents relating to The Settlement's children's programs
Link to collections: Italian Americans remember their childhoods in Milwaukee  Italian Americans remember their childhoods in Milwaukee
Link to collections: Harvard's Online Immigration Research Collection  Harvard's Online Immigration Research Collection
Link to images: Images of life in Laos, 1957-1969  Images of life in Laos, 1957-1969

Related Links

Search our catalogs for materials on this topic that aren't yet available online.
Learn more about Wisconsin's migrant farmworkers
Watch a video clip about an African American resort area
Read excerpts from the book, "Hmong in America"

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