Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record

MAIN ST AT FOX RIVER

Architecture and History Inventory
MAIN ST AT FOX RIVER | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:Kaukauna Guard Lock
Other Name:Kaukauna Guard Lock
Contributing: Yes
Reference Number:51840
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):MAIN ST AT FOX RIVER
County:Outagamie
City:Kaukauna
Township/Village:
Unincorporated Community:
Town:
Range:
Direction:
Section:
Quarter Section:
Quarter/Quarter Section:
PROPERTY FEATURES
Year Built:
Additions:
Survey Date:1988
Historic Use:lock
Architectural Style:NA (unknown or not a building)
Structural System:
Wall Material:Limestone
Architect:
Other Buildings On Site:1
Demolished?:No
Demolished Date:
DESIGNATIONS
National/State Register Listing Name: Kaukauna Locks Historic District
National Register Listing Date:12/7/1993 12:00:00 AM
State Register Listing Date:
National Register Multiple Property Name:Waterway Resources of the Lower Fox River
NOTES
Additional Information:Photo code: FCS 4/27. Unlike the Little Chute Guard Lock which was a complete chamber later converted to guard lock duty, this local was designed as a guard lock. As such, it is found at the upriver end of the Kaukauna Canal (oriented on a WNW/ESE axis) and consists only of two quarried limestone abutments and two miter gates. The gates are constructed of squared wooden timbers that are laid horizontally atop one another and joined with structural ties. They are believed to be operated with the same crank and spar syste, used on all the locks in the system. The lock is thought to have butterfly valves either built into the floor under the gates or in the gates themselves. Although a guard lock is designed to protect a lock or canal from a surge of water, they are also used to close a canal off at winter time, thus facilitating the canal's drainage. Gate valves in a guard lock, therefore, are necessary to reflood the canal in the spring. In this particular case, however, the Guard Lock has fallen into disuse and is not even thought to be operable. Kaukauna Lock #1 is now the point at which the canal is closed off.
Bibliographic References:
RECORD LOCATION
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory Citation
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