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Putting Wisconsin's Stamp on History

This teacher-submitted, elementary-level lesson plan appeared in Badger History Bulletin.  Please adapt it to fit your students' needs.

Author: Bernard Vanden Berk, Valley View Elementary School, Ashwaubenon

Summary

This fourth-grade class developed this lesson plan that asks students to determine which individuals and events are so important in Wisconsin history that they should be featured on a postage stamp. Using reference books for initial research, and contacting a local stamp collector for specific information about stamps, students first made their own decisions, then learned if the U.S. Post Office concurred. They learned that there is no "right answer" when determining who or what is important; rather that their ability to support their choices is the goal. This lesson stands alone, but it can also be used in or adapted to specific timeframes or themes.

Objectives

  • Students will use secondary resources to identify and describe significant events and people in the history of Wisconsin and the United States.
  • Students will rank the importance of the events and people in Wisconsin's and the nation's history and present their choices.
  • Students will analyze artifacts.

Procedures

1. Students collected a range of secondary sources-reference books, textbooks, and general interest books- about Wisconsin.

2. By both scanning the text and using the indexes of these books, they generated lists of names and events of importance that are connected to Wisconsin.

3. They identified those names and events that continually appeared.

4. Working in cooperative groups, students made a "Top Ten List" of the most important names and events.

5. When ranking the importance of people and events, each group had to justify their decisions: both in placing the person or event on the list and the assigned ranking.

6. To determine if their own judgments were similar to those of the U.S. Post Office , they used Scott's Postage Stamp Guide (an annual guide from Scott Publications) to learn if stamps of their top ten choices existed. Students also benefited from the input of a local stamp collector who was a resource throughout the project.

7. Students learned that at least half of the people that they chose were indeed, on postage stamps. They argued that both Harry Houdini and Black Hawk also deserve to be the subject of stamps.

Enhancement Activities

Students can order stamps from the Post Office or from collectors and create a timeline with them, explaining the historical significance of each one. They can also communicate their state list to students in other states to see if there are names that occur on both lists. Building on this idea, different groups in the class can select a state or region of the country and build a display of stamps for that region.

Resources

United States Postal Service. Exploring the World of Stamps in Your Classroom: A Teacher's Guide to Stamp Collecting. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1982.

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