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Using Architectural History to Raise Community Awareness

Author: Rhonda L. Deeg, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Continuing and Vocational Education

This bungalow in Spring Green is a fine example of residential architecture. Rhonda L. Deeg
This bungalow in Spring Green
is a fine example of residential
architecture. Rhonda L. Deeg

Summary

Students will be introduced to the basics of architectural history and historic preservation using research, documentation, and analytical skills to decode the meaning and value of historic properties in their own communities. Lessons will call attention to local and community history, architectural history, building material components, and surveying historic properties. This activity would be excellent for the integration into history, art, architectural, humanities, building trades, and geography courses.

Objectives

  • Students will gain a better understanding of Wisconsin's local and community history.
  • Students will analyze basic nomenclature and identify building material components.
  • Students will complete a visual survey of four existing structures located in community.
  • Students will compare and contrast architectural details using photography and visual survey forms.
  • Students will explore resources using Internet, Web-based information.
  • Students will design and prepare a presentation about four chosen buildings and focused research about one.

Procedures

  1. This building, formerly the State Bank of Spring Green, exemplifies commercial and urban structures. Rhonda L. Deeg
    This building, formerly the State
    Bank of Spring Green, exemplifies
    commercial and urban structures.
    Rhonda L. Deeg

    Begin to discuss Wisconsin architectural history, specifically using the local community as example. Students can begin by looking on the Society's web site. If possible, invite a speaker from the local historical society or historic preservation group to present chronological details of community and architectural history.

  2. Have students, in teams, search The Walk Through-How to Read a Historic Building site and complete its on-line unit and quiz. Download and print the "Character Checklist" survey, or use the building analysis sheet for building detectives from Wisconsin's Built Environment (available from the Office of School Services).
  3. Plan a walking field trip to downtown areas, residential neighborhoods, historical properties, historic main streets, or historic districts. Have students bring cameras (35mm, digital, Polaroid) to document particular architectural examples and façades. (To save classroom time, assign the photography as an after-school project.)
  4. Break students into teams and assign them to choose four buildings of architectural interest and complete the survey forms for those buildings.
  5. Choose one student to videotape the field trip for future class research, zooming in on various architectural details and building references.
  6. Choose one student to map a walking tour of the trip, including street names, building numbers, and/or dates if found.
  7. Each team will photograph the front, side, and rear façades of the four chosen buildings.
  8. After returning to the classroom, reflect on and discuss the field trip.
  9. Upon development or printing of photographs, each team will arrange the photos for each building, identify the buildings' map locations, and begin to list architectural characteristics, dates, building materials etc.
  10. Each team chooses one building from the original four, and learns more about its history, inhabitants, changes through time, chronology, use, and its importance to the community or to Wisconsin as a cultural entity. (See Resource list)
  11. Each team designs a display about their buildings to present to the class. They could also present to related classes, local historical societies, or community groups.
  12. The completed displays from these projects can be exhibited via school web site, downtown chamber of commerce, local business window display, or school hallway vignettes.

Resources

Historic Preservation in Wisconsin: A Manual for Communities. (Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society), 1995.

Malone, Bobbie and Vivian Greblo. Wisconsin's Built Environment. (Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society), 1999.

National Park Service, Technical Preservation Services for Historic Buildings, The Good Guides web site.

Architectural links online.

Center of Understanding the Built Environment.

National Park Service, Historic Preservation Services.

The Center for Historic Preservation.

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