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On This Day: April 6

1831 - Sauk Indians Leave Illinois & Wisconsin

On this date, in the spring of 1831, the Sauk Indians led by Chief Keokuk left their ancestral home near the mouth of the Rock River and moved across the Mississippi River to Iowa to fulfill the terms of a treaty signed in 1804. Many of the tribe, however, believed the treaty to be invalid and the following spring, when the U.S. government failed to provide them with promised supplies, this dissatisfied faction led by Black Hawk returned to their homeland on the Rock River, precipitating the Black Hawk War. [Source: History Just Ahead: A Guide to Wisconsin's Historical Markers, edited by Sarah Davis McBride]

1865 - (Civil War) Confederate leaders reach Sailor's Creek, Virginia

The 5th, 6th, 7th, 19th, 36th, 37th and 38th Wisconsin Infantry regiments were among the troops pursuing Confederate General Robert E. Lee across Virginia. On this day the two sides faced off at Sailor's Creek for a battle that lasted several hours. Confederate General Richard Ewell and his staff surrendered to seven men from Co. A of the 5th Wisconsin Infantry.

1903 - Legislature Considers Banning Sale of Cigarettes

On this date the Wisconsin Legislature considered a bill to ban sale or manufacture of cigarettes in the state. [Source: Janesville Gazette]

1908 - Pioneer Woman Lawyer Anna O. Blum Born

On this date Anna O. Blum was born in Monroe, Wisconsin. After graduating high school in 1925, Blum attended U.W.- Madison. A Phi Beta Kappa graduate in 1929, she worked in the family firm and "read law" prior to beginning her formal legal studies at U.W. Law School. Following legal training, she returned to her hometown of Monroe in 1943 and throughout her career, argued tax and probate cases before numerous courts, including the Wisconsin Supreme Court and the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. Active in both local and national bar organizations, Blum was elected in 1960 to serve as president of the National Women's Bar Association. She also served as president of the Green County Historical Society and assisted in acquiring the building that still operates today as the Society's museum. She never retired, but continued to practice probate and tax law until her death at age 77, on April 20, 1985. [Source: Wisconsin Bar Association]