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On This Day: April 9

1865 - (Civil War) Confederate Army surrenders

Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant caught up with Confederate forces commanded by General Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. The 5th, 6th, 7th, 19th, 36th, 37th and 38th Wisconsin Infantry regiments were among the troops that had helped corner the enemy there. The 36th were present at the court house and witnessed the formal surrender ceremony.

1898 - Curly Lambeau Born

On this date Earl "Curly" Lambeau, founder, player, coach, and vice president of the Green Bay Packers, was born in Green Bay. He founded the Packers in 1919 and served as the team's only coach through the 1949 season. Lambeau led the Packers to six world championships and is one of only five coaches to record more than 200 coaching victories in the NFL (others are Don Shula, George Halas, Tom Landry and Chuck Noll). Curly Lambeau died on June 1, 1965, at the age of 67. [Source: Packers history pages]

1942 - Bataan Falls

On this date, after months of overly optimistic reports of success and victories by outnumbered U.S. and Filipino forces, Bataan fell. Survivors from Janesville's Tank Company A and Headquarters Company-192nd Tank battalion were captured. 70,000 American and Filipino prisoners were marched 60 miles without food, water or rest to hellish, disease-plagued prison camps. Some 16,000 prisoners died from starvation, maltreatment and disease. The 192nd Tank Battalion was a National Guard outfit sent to defend the island of Luzon in late 1941. Many of the ninty-nine Janesville men who became prisoners of war and suffered during the infamous Bataan Death March, were affiliated with this tank company. Its story is told in a compelling collection of documents and interviews created by high school students in nearby Maywood, Illinois. [Source: Janesville Gazette]

1970 - UW Madison Teaching Assistants Strike Ends

On this date, after a year of negotiations and a 24-day strike, the University of Wisconsin signed a labor contract with the Teaching Assistants' Association, the local labor union of graduate students paid for teaching and research work at the university. Among their demands were sick leave, fringe benefits, and an end to layoffs due to reduced work load. The new contract also permitted TA participation in planning the courses they taught. UW-Madison was the first university in the United States to have a graduate student union. [Source: Workers and Unions in Wisconsin : A Labor History Anthology  by Darryl Holter]