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On This Day: July 13

1787 - Northwest Territory Established

On this date the Northwest Ordinance was passed by the Continental Congress. The ordinance provided for the administration of the territories and set rules for admission as a state. The Northwest territory included land west of Pennsylvania and Northwest of the Ohio River, which encompassed present day Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, parts of Minnesota and of course Wisconsin. [Source: Indiana Historical Bureau]

1861 - (Civil War) 5th Infantry musters in

The 5th Wisconsin Infantry mustered in. Over the next four years it would move through Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New York (helping to quell that city's draft riots). It participated in the battles of Williamsburg, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and the surrender of General  Robert E. Lee. The 5th would lose 329 men during service. Fifteen officers and 180 enlisted men were killed. Two officers and 132 enlisted men died from disease.

1936 - Hottest Temperature Recorded in Wisconsin

On this date the hottest temperature recorded to date was logged at the Wisconsin Dells in Columbia County. The mercury sizzled at 114 degrees. [Source: Oddball Wisconsin by Jerome Pohlen, p. 82]