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On This Day: August 1

1832 - Origin of Soldiers Grove

On this date in their pursuit of Black Hawk, about 1,300 U.S. army and militia, including Col. Zachary Taylor, Col. Henry Dodge, and Albert Sidney Johnson, encamped in the area known as Pine Grove Village. It was later renamed Soldiers Grove. [Source: History Just Ahead: A Guide to Wisconsin's Historical Markers edited by Sarah Davis McBride, p. 134]

1832 - Black Hawk's Escape Across Mississippi Blocked

On this date the armed steamboat the Warrior reached the British Band on the Mississippi where they hoped to cross the river and escape the American troops. After being guided by a Sioux Indian, the ship which held an artillery piece, dropped anchor, making the Sauk escape virtually impossible. Black Hawk attempted to surrender to the Warrior, waving a white cloth, but the crew either did not understand or did not accept the message. The ship and its men opened fire, killing a number of unprepared Indians. [Source: Along the Black Hawk Trail by William F. Stark, p. 140-141]

1861 - War Bonds Issued in Madison

The Wisconsin State Journal reported on August 1, 1861, that the Legislature had authorized the sale of 1,000 bonds in the value of $100 to help defray the cost of outfitting Wisconsin troops.

1878 - Perpetual Praying Begins in La Crosse

On this date the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration began their perpetual adoration of the eucharist. Tag-team continuous prayer of praise, thanksgiving, and petition keeps at least two sisters at the altar, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The order was founded by members of the Third Order Secular Franciscans who left Ettenbeuren, Bavaria in 1849 to do missionary work in America. Bishop Martin Henni of Milwaukee welcomed them into his diocese. In 1868 a new diocese was formed in La Crosse. In 1871 sisters built a new motherhouse, St. Rose Convent, in La Crosse. The sisters assumed the title, Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration, on August 1, 1878. As the group points out, "At 126 years and counting, the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration have been praying nonstop longer than anyone in the United States." [Source: Oddball Wisconsin by Jerome Pohlen, p.45]

1893 - Ethwell "Eddy" Hanson Born

On this date Ethwell "Eddy" Hanson was born in Waupaca, Wisconsin. Hanson was a composer of popular songs and an organist in the early days of radio. He moved to Neenah, Wisconsin in the 1910s. In the late 1910s he was a member of John Philip Sousa's Navy Band. In the 1920s he established himself in Chicago as a theatre and radio organist. Hanson returned to Waupaca in the 1960s and died in 1986, in King, Wisconsin. [Source: Wisconsin Music Archive, Mills Music Library]

1928 - UW Athlete Wins at Olympics

On this date Charles McGinnis of the University of Wisconsin won a bronze medal at the Olympic games held in Amsterdam with a vault of 12 feet 11 1/2 inches. [Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel]

1996 - Shirley Abrahamson Becomes Supreme Court Chief Justice

On this date Shirley Abrahamson became the first woman to be named Supreme Court Chief Justice in Wisconsin. Abrahamson was appointed by Governor Patrick Lucey in 1976. At that time, she was the only woman to serve on the Court. Before joining the Supreme Court, Abrahamson was in private practice in Madison for 14 years and taught at the University of Wisconsin Law School. She holds a doctorate of law in American legal history from the University of Wisconsin Law School. Abrahamson is the recipient of 14 honorary doctor of laws degrees and the Distinguished Alumni Award of the UW Law School. [Source: Wisconsin Women's Council]