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On This Day: January 13

1864 - (Civil War) Engagement at Matamoras, Mexico, concludes

The 20th Wisconsin Infantry concluded its operation in Matamoras, Mexico. It had crossed from Brownsville, Texas, the previous day to rescue the American consul in Matamoras when he was caught in a local uprising between two opposing Mexican forces.

1894 - Adam Bartosz Born

On this date Adam Bartosz was born in Gora Robczycka, Galicja (Austrian Poland). Bartosz arrived in the United States in 1913 and settled in the Baltimore area. Although he earned a law degree in 1931, Bartosz's primary career interest was journalism. In 1916 he became editor of the Polish-language journal Postep (Progress). From 1921 to 1937 he edited the Jednosc-Polonia (Unity-Polonia). In October 1937 Bartosz joined the editorial board of the Stevens Point Polish language publications Gwiazda Polarna (Polar Star) and Rolnik (Farmer). He became editor-in-chief in 1954. He used his paper to acquaint immigrants with American laws, history and customs; to assist immigrants learning English; and to advocate immigrant participation in civic and cultural organizations. Bartosz was active in several Polish cultural and fraternal groups himself, such as the Polish National Alliance. He retired from the Gwiazda Polarna in 1973. [Source: University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Archives Department]

1922 - WHA Radio Station Founded

On this date the call letters of experimental station 9XM in Madison were replaced by WHA. This station dates back to 1917, making it "The oldest station in the nation." [Source: History Just Ahead: A Guide to Wisconsin's Historical Markers, edited by Sarah Davis McBride]

1995 - Menominee Tribe Sues State of Wisconsin

On this date the Menominee Tribe filed an historic lawsuit and sued the state of Wisconsin in the U.S. District Court. In their suit, the tribe asserted its off-reservation treaty rights to hunt, fish, gather and trap in a large portion of central and northeastern Wisconsin. The lawsuit attempted to establish various treaty reserved, constitutionally protected, hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering rights. [Source: Milwaukee Public Library]