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On This Day: October 14

1861 - (Civil War) 10th Wisconsin Infantry Musters In

The 10th Wisconsin Infantry mustered in at Camp Holton in Milwaukee. It would go on to participate in the battles of Perryville, Chickamauga, Kenesaw Mountain, and the sieges of Chattanooga and Atlanta. It would lose 244 men during service. Five officers and 91 enlisted men were killed. One officer and 147 enlisted men died from disease.

1906 - Francena H. Rowley Peck Dies

On this date Francena H. Rowley Peck, wife of Governor George Wilbur Peck, died in Winnetka, Illinois. She was born on September 7, 1842, in Newark, New York. The daughter of Alexander and Maria Rowley, Francena Rowley and her family first settled in Rock County in 1843. She married George Wilbur Peck on May 6, 1861, in Delavan. Francena Peck served as Wisconsin's first lady from 1891 to 1895. The Pecks relocated to Milwaukee, where Francena was known as an "earnest church worker" for the First Baptist Church. In 1906, she died of a heart attack while vacationing at a health resort in Winnetka. Francena H. Rowley is buried in Milwaukee, in Forest Home Cemetery. [Source: First Ladies of Wisconsin-The Governors' Wives by Nancy G. Williams, p.107]

1912 - Theodore Roosevelt Shot in Milwaukee

On the night of October 14, 1912, Theodore Roosevelt was shot in Milwaukee. Roosevelt was in Wisconsin stumping as the presidential candidate of the new, independent Progressive Party, which had split from the Republican Party earlier that year. Roosevelt already had served two terms as chief executive (1901-1909), but was seeking the office again as the champion of progressive reform. Unbeknownst to Roosevelt, a New York bartender named John Schrank had been stalking him for three weeks through eight states. As Roosevelt left Milwaukee's Hotel Gilpatrick for a speaking engagement at the Milwaukee Auditorium and stood waving to the gathered crowd, Schrank fired a .38-caliber revolver that he had hidden in his coat.

Roosevelt was hit in the right side of the chest and the bullet lodged in his chest wall. Seeing the blood on his shirt, vest, and coat, his aides pleaded with him to seek medical help, but Roosevelt trivialized the wound and insisted on keeping his commitment. His life was probably saved by the speech, since the contents of his coat pocket -- his metal spectacle case and the thick, folded manuscript of his talk -- had absorbed much of the force of the bullet. Throughout the evening he made light of the wound, declaring at one point, "It takes more than one bullet to kill a Bull Moose," but the candidate spend the next week in the hospital and carried the bullet inside him the rest of his life.

Schrank, the would-be assassin, was examined by psychiatrists, who recommended that he be committed to an asylum. A judge concurred and Schrank spent the remainder of his life incarcerated, first at the Northern Hospital for the Insane in Oshkosh, then at Central State Hospital for the criminally insane at the state prison at Waupun. The glass Roosevelt drank from on stage that night was acquired by the Wisconsin Historical Museum. You can read more about the assassination attempt on their Museum Object of Week pages.

1930 - Janesville Senior Sentenced to Hard Labor

On this date the Wisconsin Supreme Court affirmed the Janesville Municipal Court's decision that 76-year-old Silas Bliven of Janesville pay $250 and serve 30 days in county jail at "hard labor" (usually the rock pile) for illegal possession of alcohol. [Source: Janesville Daily Gazette October 14, 1930, p.1]

1957 - Oskar Hagen Dies

On this date Oskar Hagen, professor of Art History at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Born in 1888 in Wiesbaden, Germany, Hagen studied at the Universities of Berlin, Munich and Halle. He taught art history at the University of Goettingen from 1918-1925. While in still in Europe, Hagen studied composition with Carl Schuricht and Engelbert Humperdinck. He founded the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Department of Art History in 1925 and served as its director for twenty-three years. Oskar Hagen's daughter is the Tony Award-winning actress and Wisconsin native, Uta Hagen. [Source: Wisconsin Music Archives]