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On This Day: December 14

1862 - (Civil War) Battle of Fredericksburg Continues in Virginia

In one of the war's most lopsided battles, Confederate troops with superior field position slaughtered Union forces trying to pass through Fredericksburg. The 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, and 7th Wisconsin Infantry regiments and Co. G of the 1st U.S. Sharpshooters were present but their losses were small. The Wisconsin 5th Infantry was under fire for most of the three days but miraculously escaped major harm. Berdan's Sharpshooters were deployed at multiple locations during the battle to pick off Confederate artillerymen and cover the Union retreat.

1893 - Frederick Jackson Turner Delivers Frontier Address

On this date Frederick Jackson Turner delivered the "Significance of the Frontier in American History" address at the forty-first annual meeting of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. [Source: SHSW Proceedings, 1893, pg. 79-112]

1917 - William Waters Dies

On this date Wisconsin architect William Waters died. Born in New York in 1843, he studied for a time at Rensslaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York before moving to Oshkosh in 1867. Waters designed the Oshkosh Normal School (UW-Oshkosh) in 1869 as well as houses, schools, churches, banks, courthouses, stores and public buildings in Oshkosh and the Fox River Valley. He designed the original public library in Oshkosh. In 1893 he won the commission to construct the Wisconsin Building at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago. [Source: Oshkosh Public Library]

1964 - Parker Pen Traded on NY Stock Exchange

On this date, for the first time, shares of Janesville's Parker Pen Co. were traded on the New York Stock Exchange. For its first 40 years, the company was a closed corporation. In 1928, Parker stock was offered on the Chicago Stock Exchange, which became the Midwest Stock Exchange in 1949. [Source: Janesville Gazette, December 14, 1964, p.1 ]