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On This Day: March 1

1838 - First School in Madison

On this date the first school opened in Madison. The school was located in the front end of Isaac H. Palmer's log cabin on the corner of what is now King and Doty streets, near the Capitol. Miss Louisa Brayton was hired to instruct pupils for $2 a week, half of which was spent on room and board.

1865 - (Civil War) 50th Wisconsin Infantry Organized

The 50th Wisconsin Infantry was organized at Camp Randall in Madison. The war was almost over, and it spent the next year in Kansas and the Dakotas before disbanding.

1902 - Beloit Molders Strike

On this date, to protest the firing of their labor union representative, 200 molders went on strike at Fairbanks, Morse & Co. in Beloit. [Source: Janesville Gazette]

1916 - Pabst Brewing Company Introduces Non-Alcoholic Beverage

On this date Pabst Brewing Company introduced its first non-alcoholic beverage to the public.

1924 - Astronaut "Deke" Slayton Born

On this date astronaut Donald Kent "Deke" Slayton was born in Sparta. He graduated from Sparta High School and received a bachelor of science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 1949. Slayton entered the Air Force as an aviation cadet and received his wings in April 1943 after completing flight training at Vernon and Waco, Texas. During World War II, he flew 56 combat missions in Europe as a B-25 pilot with the 340th Bombardment Group and later joined the 319th Bombardment Group in Okinawa and flew seven combat missions over Japan in A-26s. Slayton was one of the original seven Project Mercury astronauts selected in April 1959 but did not make a space flight until 1975. He was assigned to fly the second Project Mercury orbital mission, but was grounded by an irregular heart beat. Slayton made his first space flight as Apollo docking module pilot of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. From December 1975 through November 1977, Slayton served as Manager for Approach and Landing Test Project. Slayton retired from NASA in 1982. Slayton died of brain cancer on June 13, 1993 in League City, Texas. [Source: NASA]

1964 - Milwaukee United School Integration Committee (MUSIC) Formed

On this date the Milwaukee United School Integration Committee (MUSIC) was formed, with Milwaukee activist Lloyd Barbee as chairman. This organization aimed to coordinate mass action on the school segregation issue. MUSIC organized a mass withdrawal or boycott of children from Milwaukee schools to begin May 18, 1964 and established freedom schools for the boycotting children. Throughout 1964 and 1965, MUSIC and other civil rights groups continued to pressure the Milwaukee school officials to end educational inequality. As a result, Lloyd Barbee filed suit on behalf of forty-one black and white children, to force the Milwaukee School Board to end its segregation policies. The lawsuit was the first of its kind in the country. [Source: University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee Archives]

1985 - Kohl purchases Bucks

On this day in 1985 Milwaukee businessman and future United States Senator Herb Kohl purchased the Milwaukee Bucks for 18 million dollars. By 1999 the team was worth an estimated 100 million dollars. [Source: Harvard Business School Bulletin, December 1999