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On This Day: April 3

1817 - Mathilde Anneke Born

On this date Mathilde Anneke, was born in Leveringhausen, Westphalia. Anneke was one of the most prominent women among the "German Forty-eighters." In 1847 she married Fritz Anneke, a young artillery officer with socialist leanings, whom she accompanied to Wisconsin in 1852. Soon after her arrival in Milwaukee, Anneke issued the Deutsche Frauen-Zeitung, the first feminist paper published by a woman in America. She became a leading American feminist and collaborated closely with Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton during the middle decades of the 19th century. She also founded a women's academy in Milwaukee, which she directed until her death on November 25, 1884. [Source: Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions]

1865 - (Civil War) Confederate capital seized

When Petersburg, Virginia, fell on the night of April 2, 1865, Confederate leaders hastily abandoned Richmond. The 5th, 6th, 7th, 19th, 36th, 37th and 38th Wisconsin Infantry participated in the occupation of Petersburg and Richmond. The brigade containing the 19th Wisconsin Infantry was the first to enter Richmond on the morning of April 3rd. Their regimental flag became the first to fly over the captured capital of the Confederacy when Colonel Samuel Vaughn planted it on Richmond City Hall.

1866 - African-Americans Vote in Wisconsin

On this date African-Americans voted for the first time in Wisconsin, after Ezekiel Gillespie successfully sued for the right to vote, an important point in  the mid-19th century struggle of Milwaukee black citizens for suffrage.   [Source: History of Wisconsin, Vol. II, pg. 571]

1887 - First African American Church Built in Wisconsin

On this date the St. Mark African Methodist Episcopal Church was dedicated in Milwaukee. [Source: History Just Ahead: Guide to Wisconsin's Historical Markers, edited by Sarah Davis McBride]