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On This Day: September 19

1832 - Sauk and Fox cede Iowa Lands

On this date Sauk and Fox Indians signed the treaty ending the Black Hawk War. The treaty demanded that the Sauk cede some six million acres of land that ran the length of the eastern boundary of modern-day Iowa. The Sauk and Fox were given until June 1, 1833 to leave the area and never return to the surrendered lands. Some sources place the date as September 21.[Source: Along the Black Hawk Trail by William F. Stark, p. 160-161]

1863 - (Civil War) Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia

The defeat at Chickamauga, Georgia, left Union troops pinned inside Chattanooga, Tennessee, and temporarily halted their advance into the heart of the Confederacy. Nine Wisconsin regiments participated. The chaplain of the 1st Wisconsin Infantry reported that 80 percent of its men were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. The 15th Wisconsin Infantry, composed almost entirely of Norwegian immigrants, was led on the field by Colonel Hans C. Heg, who was killed in action.

1871 - Oshkosh State Teachers College Founded

On this date the Oshkosh State Teachers College was founded. Formally known as the Oshkosh Normal School, the new institution was destined to become a leader in the state's teacher-training institution. Its objectives were to train thousands of teachers and contribute to Wisconsin leadership in education. In the fall of 1871, under school president President George S. Albee, the college convened for the first time. Albee personally interviewed the 43 students who attended to make sure they met his personal demands in academics and morals. The school was free of charge to any student who had aspirations of teaching in public schools. There was, however, a $1 book-rental fee per term, as well as a $4 weekly fee for room and board. [Source: University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh]

1973 - Isabel Lyman Bacon La Follette Dies

On this date Isabel La Follette, wife of Governor Philip La Follette, died in Madison. She was born on April 13, 1899, in Medford, Massachusetts but grew up in Salt Lake City, Utah. She attended UW-Madison, where she received a BA in Sociology. After graduation, Isabel worked as a social worker in Bayonne, New Jersey. She married Philip Fox La Follette on April 14, 1923, in Chicago, Illinois. Isabel La Follette wrote a weekly column for The Progressive titled "A Room of Our Own," a discussion forum of political issues from a woman's viewpoint. She served as first lady of Wisconsin from 1931 to 1933, and again from 1935 to 1939. [Source: First Ladies of Wisconsin - The Governors' Wives by Nancy G. Williams, p.159]