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On This Day: September 3

1783 - Paris Peace Treaty Signed

On this date the Paris Peace Treaty was signed. The treaty demanded land, including Wisconsin, be ceded from Britain to the United States. Two years after the conclusion of the Revolutionary War, American and British delegations met in Paris to formalize Britain's recognition of the United States of America. The treaty articles were drawn up on November 30, 1782 and formally agreed upon on September 3, 1783. [Source: University of Oklahoma, College of Law]

1862 - (Civil War) Engagement at Lovejoy Station, Georgia

Union troops faced off against retreating Confederates at Lovejoy Station, Georgia, after taking the city of Atlanta. The 12th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 24th, 25th and 32nd Wisconsin Infantry regiments, along with the 10th Wisconsin Light Artillery, took part in this action. The action began on the previous day, and although both sides dug in and prepared for battle, neither ever received orders to take the offensive. Four days were spent in a standoff that produced no results.

1881 - Father Caspar Rehrl Dies

On this date Father Caspar Rehrl died. A renowned missionary, teacher, and founder of churches and schools, he organized more than 15 parishes in eastern Wisconsin. [Source: History Just Ahead: A Guide to Wisconsin Historical Markers edited by Sarah Davis McBride, p.8]

1900 - Oshkosh Public Library Opens

On this date the Oshkosh Public Library opened. Designed in the Neo-classical style by William Waters, the building features a raised main floor with broad steps leading from Washington Avenue to a portico with six Ionic columns. Initially the second floor was not used for library purposes, but reserved for a lecture room, a museum, and future expansion of library services. A museum was opened in the second floor space in 1905. [Source: Oskkosh Public Library]

1947 - War Assets Office Sells Hemp Factory

On this date the federal War Assets Office sold a local government-owned hemp mill to Walworth Foundries. The mill, located on Highway 14 two miles north of Darien, consisted of 20 acres where marijuana was grown and seven buildings where the hemp was used to create rope and burlap, as part of the war effort. [Source: Janesville Gazette]

1970 - Vince Lombardi Dies

On this date famed Green Bay Packer coach, Vince Lombardi, died at the age of 57. Lombardi played college football at Fordham, where he was one of the legendary "Seven Blocks of Granite." Lombardi served as coach and general manager for the Green Bay Packers from 1959 to 1967. He directed the team to five NFL championships in seven years (1961-62 and 1965-67). His 1966 and 1967 teams also made history by winning the first two Super Bowls.