An iron collar removed from a fugitive slave by Wisconsin soldiers in 1862

Fugitive Slave Collar

In early June 1862, the 4th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry occupied Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Wearing the iron collar placed around his neck as punishment, a slave named Old Steve escaped from his owner and fled to the camp of the 4th Wisconsin. Wisconsin soldiers removed his iron collar by filing off one of the rivets that held it closed. The collar Old Steve wore into the 4th Wisconsin's camp was sent back to Wisconsin with other war relics and later became part of the collection of the Wisconsin Historical Society. A memoir of the event and of Old Steve by John T. Perry, one of soldiers involved, is also available in Turning Points.

Related Topics: Wisconsin in the Civil War Era
The Iron Brigade, Old Abe and Military Affairs
Creator: Unknown
Pub Data: Wisconsin Historical Museum. (Museum object #1961.73)
Citation: Fugitive Slave Collar. Wisconsin Historical Museum. Online facsimile at:; Visited on: 5/26/2018