One-Eyed Decorah relates how he helped Black Hawk surrender.

Memoir by One-Eyed Decorah of Black Hawk's surrender.

After the final massacre at Bad Ax, Black Hawk and a handful of followers retreated into the wilderness, where they were discovered and sheltered by Wadze-hutta-kaw, a Ho-Chunk chief known to the whites as One-Eyed Decorah [Wis. Hist. Coll. 5:293] , until they surrendered at Prairie du Chien. This manuscript consists of notes written down by George Gale (1816-1868) after an interview with Wadze-hutta-kaw in the 1850's, about 20 years following the events described. Click "Page & Text" to see a typed transcript.

Related Topics: Territory to Statehood
The Black Hawk War
Creator: Decorah, One-Eyed, Ho-Chunk chief
Pub Data: Unpublished manuscript in the George Gale Papers (Wis Mss GJ, box 1, folder 2), Wisconsin Historical Society
Citation: Decorah, One-Eyed. "Memoir by Wadze-hutta-kaw of Black Hawk's surrender." Unpublished manuscript in the George Gale Papers, Wisconsin Historical Society Archives (Wis Mss GJ, box 1, folder 2). Online facsimile at:; Visited on: 2/7/2023