How to Be an Indian in the 21st Century

By Louis V. Clark III (Two Shoes)

Paperback: $15.95

ISBN: 978-0-87020-815-7

120 pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 An e-book edition is also available.


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Selected one of the Twelve Books of Christmas 2017!

Take a life-long journey, in prose and verse, with Oneida author and poet Louis V. Clark III (Two Shoes), who chronicles his voyage from schoolyard bullies to workplace barriers -- and the loves and lives in between -- to discover "How to Be an Indian in the 21st Century." Warm, plainspoken, and wryly funny, Clark shares his own American Indian story, talking frankly about a culture's struggle to maintain its heritage. His deceptively simple, poetic storytelling matches the rhythm of the life he recounts -- what he calls "the heartbeat of my nation," -- from childhood on the Rez, through school and into the working world, and ultimately to his life today as an elder, grandfather, and published poet.

Clark's unique voice takes readers on a deeply personal and profound quest through a wide range of subjects -- from workplace racism to falling in love and the Green Bay Packers -- to discover for himself what it means to be an American Indian.

Wisconsin Historical Society education staff has also developed a Poetry Unit curriculum for students in grades 9-12 to use in conjunction with "How to Be an Indian In the 21st Century." Email to receive a free .pdf version of the curriculum packet.

For media review copies, to interview the author, or for additional information, contact the Society Press marketing office at

Born and raised on the Oneida Reservation in northeastern Wisconsin, Louis V. Clark III (Two Shoes) turned to poetry to continue the oral tradition of his people, the People of the Standing Stone. A member of the Iroquois Confederacy, his family is of the Bear clan. His first chapbook, "Two Shoes," was published in 2011. He and his wife live in Omro, Wisconsin, where their home is filled with love from six children and nine grandchildren.

Interview with Louis V. Clark III (Two Shoes)

Wisconsin Historical Society Press: Why and how did you decide to write How to be an Indian in the 21st Century -- did it start as one poem with the idea of more or did you gather essays together?

I started writing poetry in the sixth grade, and I got beat up a lot. So I wrote just for myself. I did have writing dreams as I aged, but life got in the way. I kept writing. Sometimes people thought that I was crazy. I kept writing. In 2011, I received some good advice, and I started sharing my poetry and my stories. It felt like I was continuing the oral tradition of my people, The Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin. I told stories of my life and my understanding of life, and people seemed to enjoy the stories and the poetry. I was honored to do a talk at the Wisconsin Federation of Poets annual conferencewhere amember came up to me and said, Your stories should be in a book. So, I put my poems and stories together in a book and then the wonderful people at the Wisconsin Historical Society Press said that they could hear my voice while reading my words. The curse that a little reservation boy endured is now being shown for what it really is -- a gift from the Creator. Ive been blessed.

WHS Press: Why did you title the book, How to be an Indian in the 21st Century? What are you trying to convey with the title?

A group of high school students from Berlin, Wisconsin, were going out west to work on a reservation. I was invited to give a talk about what it is like to be an Indian so that they would have some understanding about what they were getting into. The title was born there in one of the most electrifying moments of my life. The kids I spoke with were so wonderful! I gave my speech, about forty-five minutes, and the kids asked questions that kept me there for 2 hours. I just wanted to share that we are not different, we are all human beings. We have ups and downs and perhaps only when we become color blind will we all really be able to see each other as brothers and sisters.

WHS Press: How can this book serve as a guide to American Indian and Oneida History?

I hope that by reading my words people will look deeper into our history, mankind's history and our country's history. We have to learn from the past to make the future better for all of us. I once found a book, in the ditch along the highway. This book was filled with history lessons that I hadnt encountered in my learning. It was a gift from above, I believe, and it opened my mind to different avenues, it made me more understanding, and I hope I shared that understanding in my book.

WHS Press: This book is much like a memoir, written in prose and verse. What do you hope readers learn about being an American Indian, about becoming a man, a husband, a father, and a Green Bay Packer fan?

Being who I was, where I was born, where I was raised, I was always attempting to fit in. My parents were good people coping as best that they could with the times and troubles of their lives. But they were human beings afflicted with the weaknesses of being human. I cried myself to sleep way too many times because I never felt that I could fit in or count on anyone. The only thing that I could count on was Vince Lombardi and the Green Bay Packers, and the sun came up every morning.So as each day started anew, I resolved to do the best that I could. I fell, I cried, I bled, but I rose each time that I fell. And, I believed that you only fail if you fail to try.

WHS Press: How can this book increase our understanding of who Oneidas are, who American Indians are?

I hope that I show, through stories, poems, and sometimes silly verses, that we arent different. Black, white, red, yellow and a combination of colors of human beings, we have so much to share with each other. We should share in peace.

WHS Press: As anyone can imagine, writing a poem and a book are deeply personal experiences. How has writing How to be an Indian in the 21st Century been a personal experience for you?

Writing poetry, telling stories, is part of my life. It wasnt until I was willing to reach deep inside and expose the truth, the hurt, the pain, the good times and the bad, that I was really able to see others. We each have painful stories inside of us, demons if you will, but you have to be willing to open up your soul, like Pandora's box and let those demons loose because only then will hope emerge. Hope will carry us on to a better tomorrow.

WHS Press: Why do you think that your poetry can reach a wider audience of readers than mainstream poetry of our time?

I dont know if my poetry, my stories, are unique enough to capture a wider audience of readers. I do know that my writing is true, it is pure, and it comes from my heart. What Ive written Ive written for myself. At one time I dreamed of being a great writer. I dreamed many dreams, but Ive come to realize that you have to be true to yourself before you can be true to those you love and to the world. Ive been true to myself and only good things have come from that.

WHS Press: What have you learned from this whole experience?

Ive learned that the most important thing is to be yourself. Im humbled by the whole process, and I hope that my words bring a better understanding to those of us who share this planet.

The soul of poetry is not rhymes and measure, but art of transmitting the poet's thoughts and feelings through the written word. "How to Be an Indian in the 21st Century" possesses that soul.

James Gallen, Book Review, July 26, 2017

His book is a weaving of words that take the shape of verse and prose. He delves into moments in his own Native life to help the conversation on race in America blossom even further. He encourages the masses to Speak the truth, confound the idiots, [and] listen to the silence.

Art Hughes, Native American Calling, July 21, 2017

A beautiful blend of prose, poetry and storytelling, Clark's enthralling narrative shares a lyrical understanding of an individual's place in the world and explores issues from first love to the world of work, and highlights uniqueWisconsin traditions. The author creatively moves from discussing the connectivity of human beings to one another and their natural environment to exploring the importance of releasing our inner demons to unleash a hopeful future.

Jennifer Herrick, The Shepherd Express, Milwaukee, June 15, 2017

Still, this is not simply a book about what we Indians encountered in the past, it's also a text that challenges us to make the most out of our lives today. It concludes with poetic advice such as "some gifts come in disguise" and "annoy your children with love," but it is lines like "it is what you do when no one knows that it will define you" that truly resonate. For Clark, that was creating this excellent book, and after reading it his readers will agree that we all can add Two Shoes' name to the list of people who've encouraged us that Indians are vital, resilient, and will always endure.

Larry P. Madden (Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Wisconsin), Kahlihwisaks,April 20,2017


My name is Louis Clark.

They call me Two Shoes.

I am of two worlds.

I am torn


the wilderness of my youth


the white world we call civilization