Wisconsin Historical Society

National or State Registers Record

13634 S. Union Rd.

National or State Register of Historic Places
13634 S. Union Rd. | National or State Registers Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:Lutze Housebarn
Reference Number:84003702
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):13634 S. Union Rd.
County:Manitowoc
City/Village:
Township:Centerville
SUMMARY
The Lutze Housebarn
13634 South Union Road, Town of Centerville, Manitowoc County
Builder: John Gottlieb Lutze
Date of Construction: 1850

The housebarn is an ancient form of shelter for both people and beasts. Its direct origins lie in ancient European farming practices. This rare and unusual rural structure combines agriculture with architectural tradition. European immigrants used this type of dwelling to cope with the demands of early pioneer life. This structure was the most simple and economic of all forms of the peasant home and it was suitable in areas with harsh winter climate.

This rectangular structure was referred to as a "long" or "hall" house. Early examples of the housebarn are a long, continuous sheltered space with a common entrance. The owners lived on one end while the other was set aside for beasts. Later developments differentiated between family and animal occupancy and a wall was added to separate the two.

The Lutze housebarn has a hand-hewn, post and beam timber frame. It also utilizes a German fachwerk braced-frame construction method featuring clay "nogging" filling the space between the timbers. In the Lutze housebarn there are two floors. The first floor holds a stable for cattle on one end and living quarters on the other. The bedrooms are located on the second floor along with multiple storage areas. There is also an underground cellar for food storage.

The Lutze house barn is undergoing long-term restoration by members of the non-profit Centerville Settlement, Inc. You can check out their progress at the the Settlement web site. The building is privately owned by Centerville Settlement; check their calendar of events for information about visiting the barn.

PROPERTY FEATURES
Period of Significance:1850
Area of Significance:Agriculture
Area of Significance:Architecture
Applicable Criteria:Architecture/Engineering
Applicable Criteria:Event
Historic Use:Agriculture/Subsistence: Animal Facility
Historic Use:Domestic: Single Dwelling
Architectural Style:No Style Listed
Resource Type:Building
DESIGNATIONS
Historic Status:Listed in the National Register
Historic Status:Listed in the State Register
National Register Listing Date:06/07/1984
State Register Listing Date:01/01/1989
NUMBER OF RESOURCES WITHIN PROPERTY
Number of Contributing Buildings:1
Number of Contributing Sites:0
Number of Contributing Structures:0
Number of Contributing Objects:0
Number of Non-Contributing Sites:0
Number of Non-Contributing Structures:0
Number of Non-Contributing Objects:0
RECORD LOCATION
National Register and State Register of Historic Places, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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National Register of Historic Places Citation
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