Wisconsin Historical Society

National or State Registers Record

WI 136, 0.75 mi. N of WI 154

National or State Register of Historic Places
WI 136, 0.75 mi. N of WI 154 | National or State Registers Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:Van Hise Rock
Reference Number:97001267
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):WI 136, 0.75 mi. N of WI 154
County:Sauk
City/Village:
Township:Excelsior
SUMMARY
Van Hise Rock
State Highway 136, Rock Springs, Sauk County

Van Hise Rock is located in the Baraboo Range, 700 to 800 feet high hills that are of the remains of an ancient mountain chain that may have risen 1000 to 1600 feet above the surrounding plain. This monolith is an erosional remnant standing nearly 14 feet high and 6 feet wide. It is composed of two main vertical layers, pink quartzite and phyllitic quartzite. These two layers show evidence of cross bedding. Ripplemarks indicate the top of the original bedding.

Van Hise Rock was named for the pre-eminent 19th century geologist Charles Richard Van Hise. Van Hise became the student of the eminent geologist Roland Irving. Together they became the first Americans to conduct petrographic studies, and use new techniques to formulate important geological principles. They were also the first to study ancient crystalline rocks found in many mountain regions of the world, especially in Northern Wisconsin. Van Hise fully understood the complex structural geology of the area. He established the fundamental principles of structural geology, metamorphism and Precambrian rocks.

Van Hise Rock played a key role in the history of geology as Charles Van Hise used this remnant to interpret the major structural features of the metamorphosed Precambrian rocks of the entire Wisconsin River Valley, or Baraboo District. It has long served and continues to serve as a hands-on field laboratory for professional geologists and students.

PROPERTY FEATURES
Period of Significance:1911-1947
Area of Significance:Science
Applicable Criteria:Person
Applicable Criteria:Event
Historic Use:Landscape: Natural Feature
Architectural Style:No Style Listed
Resource Type:Site
DESIGNATIONS
Historic Status:Listed in the National Register
Historic Status:National Historic Landmark Status Granted
National Historic Landmark Listing Date:Thu Sep 25 00:00:00 UTC 1997
National Register Listing Date:09/25/1997
NUMBER OF RESOURCES WITHIN PROPERTY
Number of Contributing Buildings:0
Number of Contributing Sites:1
Number of Contributing Structures:0
Number of Contributing Objects:0
Number of Non-Contributing Sites:1
Number of Non-Contributing Structures:0
Number of Non-Contributing Objects:0
RECORD LOCATION
National Register and State Register of Historic Places, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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