Wisconsin Historical Society

National or State Registers Record

216 State Street

National or State Register of Historic Places
216 State Street | National or State Registers Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:Orpheum Theater
Reference Number:07001460
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):216 State Street
County:Dane
City/Village:Madison
Township:
SUMMARY
Orpheum Theater
216 State Street, Madison, Dane County
Architects: Rapp & Rapp
Date of construction: 1925-1927

Nationally prominent theater designers C.W. Rapp and George L. Rapp designed the Orpheum Theater. Begun in 1925 and completed in 1927, it is composed of two sections: the two-story front section that houses the lobby, and the rear auditorium section, which is the equivalent of six stories. The Orpheum is an intact example of an early twentieth century "movie palace."

While the facade has Art Deco features, the interior draws inspiration from the French Renaissance. The grand lobby, a two-story open space, displays two broad terrazzo staircases with bronze handrails, foliated moldings, swags, brass wall sconces, and a marble statue. The foyers retain their original walnut-veneer paneling, foliated wall stencils, and classical moldings. The auditorium was designed to seat 2500; it features private boxes, a large balcony, and elaborate, gold-toned ornamentation on the proscenium, balcony, private boxes, and walls. Stenciling in classical and foliated patterns and brocade tapestries decorate the walls. The original wall-mounted light fixtures and chandeliers of ormolu gold and crystal are intact. The stage was blocked off in 1967 to create a second theater.

Between 1910 and 1930, a time also known as the "movie palace era," motion pictures evolved from a novelty to a form of entertainment with mass appeal. By the end of the 1920s, motion pictures had become an important cultural phenomenon that helped establish and shape twentieth century American popular culture and taste, a trend that continues today. The Orpheum Theater is the best representative of the movie palace era in Madison, and the only one in which movies are still regularly shown.

PROPERTY FEATURES
Period of Significance:1927-1957
Area of Significance:Architecture
Area of Significance:Entertainment/Recreation
Applicable Criteria:Event
Applicable Criteria:Architecture/Engineering
Historic Use:Recreation And Culture: Theater
Architectural Style:Art Deco
Architectural Style:Renaissance
Resource Type:Building
Architect:Rapp & Rapp
DESIGNATIONS
Historic Status:Listed in the National Register
Historic Status:Listed in the State Register
National Register Listing Date:01/23/2008
State Register Listing Date:07/20/2007
NUMBER OF RESOURCES WITHIN PROPERTY
Number of Contributing Buildings:1
Number of Contributing Sites:0
Number of Contributing Structures:0
Number of Contributing Objects:0
Number of Non-Contributing Sites:0
Number of Non-Contributing Structures:0
Number of Non-Contributing Objects:0
RECORD LOCATION
National Register and State Register of Historic Places, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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