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Wisconsin Historical Society

National or State Registers Record

Sand Island; Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (APIS)

National or State Register of Historic Places
Sand Island; Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (APIS) | National or State Registers Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Name:West Bay Club
Reference Number:14000385
Location (Address):Sand Island; Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (APIS)
West Bay Club
Sand Island
Town of Bayfield, Bayfield County, Wisconsin
Date of Construction: 1913
Architects: Charles Buechner, Henry Orth

Built as a recreational property in the rustic architectural style, the West Bay Club is an example of the work of St. Paul, Minnesota master architects Charles Buechner and Henry Orth. Their prolific architectural firm designed over 100 private residences, commercial buildings, and public buildings in Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin, and Montana, including courthouses, theaters, a bank, and a children’s hospital.

The West Bay Club appears to be the firm’s only commission for a rustic-style “hunting lodge.” Buechner and Orth not only designed the Club, but were two of the original six partners in the venture, with Buechner’s brother Louis serving as construction supervisor and lodge caretaker. The Club became the summer getaway for the architects, their business partners, and their families.

The West Bay Club is also locally significant for its association with two important trends in outdoor recreation in Wisconsin: the movement of the middle class into the ownership of recreational property, and the emergence of shared ownership of recreational property by creating private clubs and ownership associations. The West Bay Club retains unusually high levels of integrity and is little changed from when it was built over 100 years ago. Rare for a waterfront property, its lakeshore setting is still secluded and its view-shed largely unchanged. Its location in a national park unit offers opportunities for long-term preservation and public understanding of this property.

Period of Significance:1913-1954
Area of Significance:Entertainment/Recreation
Area of Significance:Architecture
Applicable Criteria:Event
Applicable Criteria:Architecture/Engineering
Historic Use:Domestic: Camp
Architectural Style:Late 19th And Early 20th Century American Movements
Resource Type:Building
Architect:Buechner, Charles W.
Architect:Orth, Henry
Historic Status:Listed in the State Register
Historic Status:Listed in the National Register
National Register Listing Date:07/28/2015
State Register Listing Date:05/16/2014
Number of Contributing Buildings:3
Number of Contributing Sites:3
Number of Contributing Structures:2
Number of Contributing Objects:0
Number of Non-Contributing Sites:3
Number of Non-Contributing Structures:2
Number of Non-Contributing Objects:0
National Register and State Register of Historic Places, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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