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Sand Island | National or State Registers Record | Wisconsin Historical Society

National or State Registers Record

Sand Island

National or State Register of Historic Places
Sand Island | National or State Registers Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Name:Shaw Point Historic District
Reference Number:100005371
Location (Address):Sand Island
Shaw Point Historic District
Sand Island, Bayfield, Bayfield County

The Shaw Point Historic District is a collection of three neighboring properties along the southeastern shoreline of Sand Island, one of twenty-two islands that form the Apostle Islands archipelago off of the Bayfield Peninsula in northern Wisconsin. The district has buildings, structures, and landscape features that reflect the interconnected commercial, agricultural, recreational, and seasonal residential development of the islands.

The oldest property is the Shaw-Hill Farm, which was established in 1870 as a commercial fishing camp and farm. Camp Stella, a summer resort founded in 1886, came next in the district’s evolution. Nearly two decades passed before the district saw its next transition with the 1909 addition of the Campbell-Jensch Property, which was the first site along Sand Island’s southern shore to be used solely as a second home. Eventually, however, the Shaw-Hill Farm and Camp Stella became private seasonal getaways as commercial fishing and summer resorts dwindled in economic importance in the twentieth century.

By mid-century, recreational tourism had become a primary economic driver throughout northern Wisconsin, but development on the islands was generally halted with the establishment of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore in 1970. The federal government acquired much of the land to preserve the islands for their geographic, scenic, and scientific values, but several longtime residents—including those at Shaw Point—established life estates for their properties that allow them to continue residing on the island for the lifetime of those listed on the deed.

Period of Significance:1870-1970
Area of Significance:Commerce
Area of Significance:Agriculture
Area of Significance:Entertainment/Recreation
Area of Significance:Maritime History
Area of Significance:Exploration/Settlement
Area of Significance:Industry
Area of Significance:Architecture
Applicable Criteria:Event
Applicable Criteria:Architecture/Engineering
Historic Use:Agriculture/Subsistence: Fishing Facility Or Site
Historic Use:Agriculture/Subsistence: Agricultural Outbuildings
Historic Use:Agriculture/Subsistence: Storage
Historic Use:Government: Post Office
Historic Use:Commerce/Trade: Department Store
Historic Use:Commerce/Trade: Specialty Store
Historic Use:Recreation And Culture: Outdoor Recreation
Historic Use:Domestic: Single Dwelling
Historic Use:Domestic: Camp
Historic Use:Domestic: Secondary Structure
Architectural Style:Late 19th And Early 20th Century American Movements
Architectural Style:Other
Resource Type:District
Historic Status:Listed in the State Register
Historic Status:Listed in the National Register
National Register Listing Date:07/27/2020
State Register Listing Date:11/22/2019
Number of Contributing Buildings:22
Number of Contributing Sites:1
Number of Contributing Structures:2
Number of Contributing Objects:0
Number of Non-Contributing Sites:1
Number of Non-Contributing Structures:2
Number of Non-Contributing Objects:0
National Register and State Register of Historic Places, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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National Register of Historic Places Citation
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