419 W VLIET ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record


Architecture and History Inventory
419 W VLIET ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Name:McCullough & Dixon Steam Laundry & Soap Company
Other Name:
Reference Number:115918
Location (Address):419 W VLIET ST
Unincorporated Community:
Quarter Section:
Quarter/Quarter Section:
Year Built:1888
Additions:C. 1912
Survey Date:2004
Historic Use:laundry
Architectural Style:Second Empire
Structural System:
Wall Material:Brick
Other Buildings On Site:
Demolished Date:
National/State Register Listing Name: McCullough and Dixon Steam Laundry and Soap Company
National Register Listing Date:9/26/2022
State Register Listing Date:5/20/2022
National Register Multiple Property Name:
Additional Information:A 'site file' exists for this property. It contains additional information such as correspondence, newspaper clippings, or historical information. It is a public record and may be viewed in person at the Wisconsin Historical Society, State Historic Preservation Office.


Two and One Half Story Second Empire Brick Building.

Good example of an unusual form of cream brick warehouse. Possesses integrity of form and elaborate original stone hood over doorway.

Construction date, 1888. (A, B) 1912. (Alteration)


Was the location of Wood's Steam Laundry.

Previously surveyed in 1982 with a map code of 58/18 on a Historic Brewer's Hill-1982 map.

The original owner of this building was a rag and paper merchant by the name of William P. Froehlich. In 1889, R.A. Mccullough and Frank C. Kane used the building for their wood steam laundry business located at 624 Grand Avenue. By 1900, the building still housed a laundry service, however, the name changed to Wood's Steam Laundry. In 1919, the Wobst Schoe Company took ownership and remained at the address until 1930.

Other sources indicate the building was constructed in 1888, however, tax rolls clearly indicate a property improvement from 1884 to 1885, which has been verified with city directories. The building was initially listed with 437 4th Street, and, by 1889 was listed as 411-415 West Vliet Street.

Previously thought to be the William P. Froehlich Paper Warehouse building.
Bibliographic References:1. Stone over door 2. Building Permit 1894 Sanborn Atlas. Tax Rolls, City of Milwaukee n.d. An Early History of Comfort Heating. Accessed October 18, 2020. https://www.achrnews.com/article/87035-an-early-history-of-comfort-heating. Cardinale, Corrine. 2018. "A Penny for Your Rags: Rag Pickers and the Paper Industry in the Later 19th Century." Thesis, History Department, University at Buffalo, Buffalo. Cheryl J. LaRoche, Gary S. McGowan. 2001. "Becoming New York: The Five Points Neighborhood, Material Culture." Historical Archaeology 35 (No. 3): 65-75. n.d. Encyclopedia of Milwaukee: Agriculture. University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee. Accessed October 16, 2020. https://emke.uwm.edu/entry/agriculture/. n.d. Encyclopedia of Milwaukee: Food. Accessed October 12, 2020. https://emke.uwm.edu/entry/food/. Gurda, John. 2015. Milwaukee: City of Neighborhoods. Historic Milwaukee, Inc. —. 2018. The Making of Milwaukee. Fourth. Milwaukee, WI: Milwaukee County Historical Society. Harris, Cyril M., ed. 1977. Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture. Dover. Jennings, Herbert Gottfried and Jan. n.d. American Vernacular Buildings and Interiors, 1870 - 1960. New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Levin, Adam. 2020. Fading Ads of Milwaukee. The History Press. John C. Poppeliers, and A. Allen Chambers. 2003. What Style Is It?: A Guide to American Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. McAlester, Virginia Savage. 2014. A Field Guide to American Houses. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Milwaukee Journal. 1921. "Advertisement." April 12. Milwaukee Journal. 1921. "Advertisement." August 27. Milwaukee Journal. 1895. "Advertisement." March 9. Milwaukee Journal. 1885. "Advertisement." March 21. Milwaukee Journal. 1885. "Advertisement." June 18. Milwaukee Journal. 1891. "Advertisement." June 15. Milwaukee Journal. 1949. "Advertisement." July 21. Milwaukee Journal. 1900. "Advertisement." March 24. Milwaukee Journal. 1911. "Advertisement." April 3. Milwaukee Journal. 1911. "Advertisement." November 18. Milwaukee Journal. 1951. "Notices." July 15. Milwaukee Sentinel. 1916. ""New Incorporations"." March 17. Milwaukee Sentinel. 1918. "Advertisement." March 30. Milwaukee Sentinel. 1942. "Fire Does $12,000 Damage to Shop"." March 21. Milwaukee Sentinel. 1880. "Property in Public Use: Some interesting facts about donations in early days." September 17. Mohun, Arwen P. 1999. Steam Laundries: Gender, Technology, and Work in the United States and Great Britain. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press. Mohun, Arwen. 1996. "Why Mrs. Harrison Never Learned to Iron: Gender, Skill, and Mechanization in the American Steam Laundry." Gender & History 8 (No. 2): 231- 251. n.d. North Side: Haymarket. Urban Anthropology. Accessed October 12, 2020. http://www.neighborhoodsinmilwaukee.org/Hay%20Market.pdf. 1894. "Sanborn Fire Insurance Map." 1910. "Sanborn Fire Insurance Map." Tanzilo, Bobby. 2019. "Urban Spelunking." On Milwaukee. Milwaukee, WI, May 14. Accessed October 12, 2020. https://onmilwaukee.com/articles/urban-spelunking-froehlichpaper. 1870, 1900, 1910, 1920. "United States Federal Census." Milwaukee. Walsh, Margaret. 1974. "Industrial Opportunity on the Urban Frontier: Rags to Riches." The Wisconsin Magazine of History 57 (No. 3): 174-94. Watson, Sophie. 2015. "Mundane objects in the city: Laundry practices and the making and remaking of public/private sociality and space in London and New York." Urban Studies 52 (5): 876-890. 1875-1912. Wright's City of Milwaukee Directories. Wynne, Deborah. 2015. "Reading Victorian Rags: Recycling, Redemption, and Dicken's Ragged Children." Journal of Victorial Culture 20: 34-49.
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, State Historic Preservation Office, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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