Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record

W SIDE OF COUNTY HIGHWAY I, .1 MI S OF FREDONIA-KOHLER RD

Architecture and History Inventory
W SIDE OF COUNTY HIGHWAY I, .1 MI S OF FREDONIA-KOHLER RD | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:STONY HILL SCHOOL
Other Name:STONY HILL SCHOOL
Contributing:
Reference Number:13249
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):W SIDE OF COUNTY HIGHWAY I, .1 MI S OF FREDONIA-KOHLER RD
County:Ozaukee
City:
Township/Village:Fredonia
Unincorporated Community:
Town:12
Range:21
Direction:E
Section:28
Quarter Section:NE
Quarter/Quarter Section:SE
PROPERTY FEATURES
Year Built:1847
Additions:
Survey Date:1975
Historic Use:
Architectural Style:Front Gabled
Structural System:
Wall Material:Fieldstone
Architect:
Other Buildings On Site:
Demolished?:No
Demolished Date:
DESIGNATIONS
National/State Register Listing Name: Stony Hill School
National Register Listing Date:10/8/1976 12:00:00 AM
State Register Listing Date:1/1/1989 12:00:00 AM
National Register Multiple Property Name:
NOTES
Additional Information:A 'site file' exists for this property. It contains additional information such as correspondence, newspaper clippings, or historical information. It is a public record and may be viewed in person at the State Historical Society, Division of Historic Preservation.

1/2 ROUND FANLIGHT WINDOW IN GABLE STONE QUOINS AND SILLS BIRTHPLACE OF FLAG DAY BY BERNARD J CIGRAND ON 6/14/1885 SEE R#13239 FOR IDENTICAL CENTER SCHOOL RESTORED IN 1940'S BASED ON CENTER SCHOOL MODEL

In 1885, Bernard Cigrand, then a nineteen-year-old schoolteacher, held the first known observance of "Flag Birth Day" here. The school’s graduating class--mostly descendants of Luxembourger immigrants--honored Old Glory by reading essays they had written and discussing the flag's history and meaning. Cigrand then launched a 31-year campaign for an annual national observance of the flag’s birth. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed that on June 14, citizens would to honor the national symbol. In the late 1940s, the National Fraternal Flag Day Foundation acquired and restored Stony Hill School as the organization's shrine.

The very simplicity of the schoolhouse gives it charm. Fieldstone rubble, set in a heavy mortar mixture, composes the walls of the single-story, one-room building. Atop the front-gabled roof rises a small wooden belfry--complete with a school bell--straight out of a Norman Rockwell painting. Schoolchildren entered the building through paneled double doors, crowned by a segmentally arched brick lintel. A simple wooden porch spans the facade, and wooden shutters cover the windows.

Over the years, the building lost its door, porch, and belfry (if that element ever existed). Between 1948 and 1952, the Flag Day Foundation
Bibliographic References:ZIMMERMANN, RUSSELL "THE HERITAGE GUIDEBOOK" (HERITAGE BANKS 1976) Buildings of Wisconsin manuscript.
RECORD LOCATION
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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