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423 N PINCKNEY ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record

423 N PINCKNEY ST

Architecture and History Inventory
423 N PINCKNEY ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:Robert M. Bashford House
Other Name:
Contributing:
Reference Number:16061
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):423 N PINCKNEY ST
County:Dane
City:Madison
Township/Village:
Unincorporated Community:
Town:
Range:
Direction:
Section:
Quarter Section:
Quarter/Quarter Section:
PROPERTY FEATURES
Year Built:1855
Additions: 1875
Survey Date:1991
Historic Use:house
Architectural Style:Italianate
Structural System:
Wall Material:Sandstone
Architect:AUGUST KUTZBOCK
Other Buildings On Site:
Demolished?:No
Demolished Date:
DESIGNATIONS
National/State Register Listing Name: Bashford, Robert M., House
National Register Listing Date:3/14/1973
State Register Listing Date:1/1/1989
National Register Multiple Property Name:
NOTES
Additional Information:MAP CODE IS 070914404119.

This two story Italianate house was built in 1857 with a three story hip roofed tower. Its exterior is of the sandstone commonly used during the period. Madison Historic Landmark: 1-31-72. [A]. The designer of this building was attributed to Kutzbock and Donnel by the Landmarks Commission.

"This towering Italian villa style residence was built of sandstone in 1855 for banker H. K. and Pamela Lawrence, friends of Napoleon Bonaparte Van Slyke. The Lawrences lived here only a few years. Pioneer architect August Kutzbock's incomplete journal mentions interior and garden design work for Lawrence, so it is possible the the accomplished design of this house was from Kutzbock's hand. Old photographs show elaborate Victorian gingerbread on balconies and porches and a formal flower garden to the south, where an apartment building now stands.

Morris E. and Anna Fuller and their family lived in the house for many decades beginning in 1865. Fuller, who came to Madison in 1856, started an agricultural implement distributorship four years later. During the Civil War, Fuller took charge of buying supplies for Camp Randall, including providing the government with 6,000 horses.

By 1880 Fuller's agricultural implement dealership sold 5,500 to 8,500 "Wood" mowers a year throughout the Midwest. He took on John Johnson as a partner and the business became known as Fuller and Johnson.

The Fullers' daughter, Sarah, married Robert M. Bashford in 1889, and they lived in the house until Bashford's death in 1911. Bashford served in several publis offices: city attorney, 1880-86; mayor, 1890; state senator, 1892; and supreme court justices, 1908. From 1916 to about 1928, Dr. Corydon and Bessie Dwight owned the house. Dwight was a physician whose avocation was the development of the Vilas Park zoo. The house was divided into apartments and rooms in the 1930s." Madison's Pioneer Buildings: A Downtown Walking Tour, 1987.
Bibliographic References:[A]. See books by A. S. Downing. Sandstone and Buffalo Robes: Madison's historic buildings, third edition, 1975. Madison's Pioneer Buildings: A Downtown Walking Tour, 1987. Madison Houses 1836-1915 by Jill Moore Marx
RECORD LOCATION
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, State Historic Preservation Office, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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