Wisconsin Historical Society

Property Record

126 W MAPLE ST

Architecture and History Inventory
126 W MAPLE ST | Property Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
NAMES
Historic Name:GRANT COUNTY COURTHOUSE
Other Name:GRANT COUNTY COURTHOUSE
Contributing: Yes
Reference Number:16167
PROPERTY LOCATION
Location (Address):126 W MAPLE ST
County:Grant
City:Lancaster
Township/Village:
Unincorporated Community:
Town:
Range:
Direction:
Section:
Quarter Section:
Quarter/Quarter Section:
PROPERTY FEATURES
Year Built:1902
Additions:
Survey Date:2005
Historic Use:courthouse
Architectural Style:Neoclassical
Structural System:
Wall Material:Brick
Architect:ARMAND D. KOCHLOUIS CLAUDEH.C. KOCH AND CO.
Other Buildings On Site:
Demolished?:No
Demolished Date:
DESIGNATIONS
National/State Register Listing Name: Grant County Courthouse
National Register Listing Date:10/19/1978 12:00:00 AM
State Register Listing Date:1/1/1989 12:00:00 AM
National Register Multiple Property Name:
NOTES
Additional Information:A 'site file' exists for this property. It contains additional information such as correspondence, newspaper clippings, or historical information. It is a public record and may be viewed in person at the Wisconsin Historical Society, Division of Historic Preservation. AN OCTAGONAL GLASS AND COPPER DOME DOMINATES THE COURTHOUSE DESIGN. ADDITIONAL FEATURES INCLUDE BELT COURSES, WINDOW PEDIMENTS AND PILASTERS. BUILT IN A CROSS PLAN CONFIGURATION, THE THREE STORY BUILDING HAS A BRICK EXTERIOR WITH A BROWNSTONE TRIM. THE C. 1902 STRUCTURE WAS FOUND TO BE IN EXCELLENT CONDITION. (A). IT MAY HAVE TWO ADDRESSES ACCORDING TO THE DATA AVAILABLE: 126 W. MAPLE AND 130 W. MAPLE. SEE GORDON ORR'S LIST OF CLAUDE DESIGNED BUILDINGS IN WISCONSIN.

ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE:

ARCHITECTURALLY, THE GRANT COUNTY COURTHOUSE IS AN EXAMPLE OF THE TYPE AND QUALITY OF RELATIVELY ABSTRACT NEO-CLASSICISM FOUND IN MIDWESTERN COUNTY CORUTHOUSE DESIGNS OF THE FIRST DECADE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. THE BUILDING'S GLASS DOME IS UNUSUAL AMONG WISCONSIN'S COURTHOUSES, THOUGH NOT UNIQUE. THE GRANT COUNTY EXAMPLE IS VIRTUALLY IDENTICAL TO THAT OF THE ONEIDA COUNTY COURTHOUSE (1908) IN RHINELANDER, SUGGESTING THE DOME WAS A STOCK ITEM.

THE COURTHOUSE IS ALSO ASSOCIATED WITH A SIGNIFICANT WISCONSIN ARCHITECT, ARMAND D. KOCH (1870-1931). KOCH WAS EDUCATED AT MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND THE ECOLE DES BEAUX ARTS, THE LATTER FROM 1894 TO 1898. IN 1902, HE BECAME A PARTNER IN HIS FATHER'S FIRM WHICH, IN 1905, WAS RENAMED H. C. KOCH AND SON. IN 1910, HE BECAME THE FIRM'S SOLE OWNER. (A)

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

THE GRANT COUNTY COURTHOUSE IS LIKEWISE HISTORICALLY SIGNIFICANT IN THAT IT REPRESENTS THE GROWTH OF POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT IN THE SOUTHWESTERN COUNTY. THE PUBLIC SQUARE, ON WHICH THE COURTHOUSE IS LOCATED, WAS DEFINED TO SERVE THAT PURPOSE IN THE LANCASTER PLAT OF 1837, THE YEAR OF THE COMMUNITY'S SELECTION AS A COUNTY SEAT. TWO PREVIOUS COURTHOUSES, BUILT IN 1838 AND 1853, OCCUPIED THE SITE PRIOR TO THE CURRENT STRUCTURE; THUS THE COURTHOUSE SQUARE HAS BEEN THE GOVERNMENTAL CENTER OF THE COMMUNITY AND THE COUNTY FOR NEARLY 150 YEARS. (A)
Bibliographic References:A. NATIONAL REGISTER NOMINATION FORM, HISTORIC PRESERVATION DIVISION, STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. B. CORNERSTONE. C. FENNIMORE TIMES 10/12/1995. D. MUSCODA PROGRESSIVE 10/12/1995. E. LANCASTER GRANT CO. HERALD INDEPENDENT 11/30/1995. LANCASTER GRANT CO. HERALD INDEPENDENT 7/25/1996. Lancaster Grant Co. Herald Independent 3/20/1997. Lancaster Grant County Herald Independent 4/20/1997. Fennimore Times 4/10/1997. 2005, Timothy F. Heggland. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Courthouse Square Historic District, Lancaster, WI.
RECORD LOCATION
Wisconsin Architecture and History Inventory, Division of Historic Preservation, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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